The Raspberry Pi is an amazing 35 dollars mini-computer. It allows you to do everything you could do with a regular Linux computer (Connecting to the internet, watching videos, launching applications, ...) but also to interact with the world surrounding it, just like an Arduino. That's why I qualify it as a mix between a computer and a micro-controller.
That's also why I chose it for this project. I'm going to show you how to control LEDs with your Raspberry Pi. Firstly directly from the Raspberry Pi itself, then from any device in your house like your Smartphone or your tablet.

Here is a very good example of what you can achieve after reading this Instructable: http://www.instructables.com/id/Web-Controlled-8-Channel-Powerstrip/. Thanks to Rleddington for his amazing project.

Update: French version here

Step 1: The electronic part

     The electronic part is nothing special, it's only 8 LEDs with their protecting resistor. The only hard part is to connect the LEDs to the good pin on the Raspberry Pi. Indeed, I'll be using later a library called Wiring Pi made by Gordon Henderson (You can visit his website at: http://wiringpi.com/) and the pin's numbers used in this library aren't the same than the ones on the Raspberry Pi. See this page for matches: http://wiringpi.com/pins/ (just be careful about your Raspberry Pi revision, the pinout isn't exactly the same). I'll be using Wiring pins 0 to 7.
     Concerning the resistors, they should be 270Ω but since I don't have this precise value, I'm using 560Ω resistors (LEDs are just less bright).
     Finally, I've made two schematics to make it simpler. The first one (with the complete Raspberry Pi) is showing you the real pins as they are shown on the board. The second one is a simplified version, it's showing you only the useful pins and their matches in the Wiring Pi library (GPIO Wiring number/Actual number on the board).


<p>Hello there,</p><p>I'm pretty new to this sort of thing, and got lost right away on step 1. I'm not sure</p><p>a) Where I can obtain these materials</p><p>b) What do to (ex. connect what to what)</p><p>I have installed WiringPi</p><p>Thanks</p>
<p>Hi. this is awesome project. Thanks for ur guide in this project. I've been waiting for ur next great project. </p>
<p>Hi, a great project, I got it working first time. However the pins I want to you are different.</p><p>I want to change to GPIO pins 17,27,22,5,6,13 but I cannot see how to change the pins in your scrips.</p><p>Any help would be very welcome.</p>
<p>I was really hoping he'd answer this. It was also asked before and it was stated that it is already in the instructions how to. Really though, all that is in the instructions was how to wire your GPIO to pins 0 -7, not how to re-wire your existing project to those pins... </p><p>I think question could be better asked is how to alter from pins 0-7 so those of us not starting from scratch can use the pins already in use. </p>
Hi!<br><br>I think I already answered this question in another comment but if I didn't then here's how you can use whatever pins you want:<br>-Use the same code<br>-In gpio.php add an array making the link between numbers 0 to 7 and the pins' number you want to use. For instance [5,6,7,8...,13] if you want to use pins 5 to 13. It doesn't need to be in a particular order. That way, the user still asks for pin 0 which will, due to the array, corresponds to its first element. Here it would be 5.<br><br>Hope I Helped,<br>TheFreeElectron
<p>Thank you for answering! So would an example of that be near the top?</p><p>0 = 5</p><p>1 = 6</p><p>etc?</p><p>Thanks.</p>
<p>That's it. So instead of putting $pin (from 0 to 7) in the exec function, you put $array[ $pin ] (array for 5 to 13)</p>
<p>Sorry if I am not getting this but here is how my exec line reads in gpio.php</p><p>exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$pic, $status, $return );</p><p>I don't get at all what you have said to swap out into this line or where 0-7 are getting pulled from this line to begin with? Here is the entire gpio.php file if you could replace in here exactly how to add these random pins for easy example: 0,2,3,5,8,9,12,13.</p><p>Thanks again for your time~!</p><p>&lt;?php</p><p>//TheFreeElectron 2015, <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectron/" rel="nofollow"> http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectr...</a></p><p>//This page is requested by the JavaScript, it updates the pin's status and then print it</p><p>//Getting and using values</p><p>if (isset ( $_GET[&quot;pic&quot;] )) {</p><p> $pic = strip_tags ($_GET[&quot;pic&quot;]);</p><p> //test if value is a number</p><p> if ( (is_numeric($pic)) &amp;&amp; ($pic &lt;= 7) &amp;&amp; ($pic &gt;= 0) ) {</p><p> //set the gpio's mode to output</p><p> system(&quot;gpio mode &quot;.$pic.&quot; out&quot;);</p><p> //reading pin's status</p><p> exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$pic, $status, $return );</p><p> //set the gpio to high/low</p><p> if ($status[0] == &quot;0&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;1&quot;; }</p><p> else if ($status[0] == &quot;1&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;0&quot;; }</p><p> system(&quot;gpio write &quot;.$pic.&quot; &quot;.$status[0] );</p><p> //reading pin's status</p><p> exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$pic, $status, $return );</p><p> //print it to the client on the response</p><p> echo($status[0]);</p><p> }</p><p> else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>} //print fail if cannot use values</p><p>else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>?&gt;</p>
<p>At the beginning of the code, create $array = [5,...,13]<br>Then in the system and exec commands, replace $pic by $array[$pic]</p>
<p>Ok, I did exactly as you said and now the page errors if you try to click on a on/off button. This is to the point of going to look for another instructable. </p><p>I edited to what you said as you can see below. I am not sure why you would not just post a complete example to get this simple question out of the way.</p><p>&lt;?php</p><p>//TheFreeElectron 2015, <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectron/" rel="nofollow"> http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectr...</a></p><p>//This page is requested by the JavaScript, it updates the pin's status and then print it</p><p>//Getting and using values</p><p>if (isset ( $_GET[&quot;pic&quot;] )) {</p><p>$pic = strip_tags ($_GET[&quot;pic&quot;]);</p><p>$array = [0,27,2,3,4,5,6,7]</p><p>//test if value is a number</p><p>if ( (is_numeric($pic)) &amp;&amp; ($pic &lt;= 7) &amp;&amp; ($pic &gt;= 0) ) {</p><p>//set the gpio's mode to output</p><p>system(&quot;gpio mode &quot;.$array[$pic].&quot; out&quot;);</p><p>//reading pin's status</p><p>exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$array[$pic], $status, $return );</p><p>//set the gpio to high/low</p><p>if ($status[0] == &quot;0&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;1&quot;; }</p><p>else if ($status[0] == &quot;1&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;0&quot;; }</p><p>system(&quot;gpio write &quot;.$array[$pic].&quot; &quot;.$status[0] );</p><p>//reading pin's status</p><p>exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$array[$pic], $status, $return );</p><p>//print it to the client on the response</p><p>echo($status[0]);</p><p>}</p><p>else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>} //print fail if cannot use values</p><p>else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>?&gt;</p>
<p>Try to ask directly for /gpio.php?pic=0 in your browser to see what it gives you. In function of that you should be able to troubleshoot the error: print variables, try separate commands, etc, simply do what a programmer would do.<br><br>If you want to look for another instructable, you are obviously absolutely free.</p>
<p>more headache than it's worth.. thank you anyway. Really too bad you couldn't have just answered differently to solve vs idk what. How hard would it have been for you to just look at the code I posted and corrected it? If we were coders we likely wouldn't be on this site and if you just confuse people you are not helping them learn.. </p>
<p>You know I actually signed up for this site just so I could reply to your post. I find it frustrating that after this guys spends all that time getting this documented and written up that you can't spend a little time troubleshooting your own issue. Having been a programmer for 20+ years I have found that when there is an issue with my code it is very often a missing semi-colon or some typo or the like. The first thing you should have learned with DIY (Do It Yourself) projects is that there are hundreds of projects out there that will be close do what you want to do, but you might need to spend a little time on your own playing with it to find out how to do exactly what you want to do. Learning isn't always easy and you will find it may not always fun. But in the end after you have spent the time troubleshooting it I promise it will be worth the time learning. Especially when someone like this is pointing the way. It is when you are on your own in uncharted territory that really causes you to pause and think if this might be beyond your capabilities. The hardest part is sometimes you have to go back to the beginning and start all over to really find your issue. Good luck, I am sure if you spend just a little time you will figure it out!</p>
<p>You really need to take a look at yourself. This is an excellent tutorial, and the author has been extremely helpful to you and many others.</p><p>Helping them learn != doing it for them. </p><p>Be nice!</p>
<p>I'm not sure I am understanding how to use various GPIO pins that are not in any sequence... </p><p>So $array = [5,13,19,18,22] would be OK? and $pic is a mystery.. but the same?</p>
<p>thx in advance for this great project</p><p>however i neeed to read some input pins stutas with green if high and red if low .... is it possible to help me .</p>
No problem, it'll always be a pleasure.<br>Actually, pin status is read and updated every time you click a button.<br>What you can do is to create a web page with 8 indicators and a JavaScript routine sending a request to the server, every second for example. Every time the server gets that request, a PHP script sets all pins as inputs, reads their status then prints it back to the client. Once the JS received the response, it updates the 8 indicators. If you have some experience in JS and PHP, it's easy as pie.<br><br>Hope I helped,<br>TheFreeElectron
<p>Hi can you make a script for a single pin / LED on a preset pin ? Thank you</p>
<p>Sure, I've made an instructable how to control Single LED, you can see at my blog</p><p>http://engineer2you.blogspot.com/2016/09/raspberry-gpio-from-phone.html</p>
<p>This is a cracking Instructable, and I can see me using it for much more than I am at present.</p><p>I have a couple of SkyHD boxes that (typically) crash from time to time, and Sky's solution is to pull the power cord. When the boxes are mounted in a busy rack, this isn't quite so easy.</p><p>I have made some changes, including paring the UI down to 2 circuits and adding a little text here and there so my other half can understand it, as well as using my own images.</p><p>All I need to do now is mount it in a neat enclosure.</p><p>Good work TheFreeElectron!!</p>
<p>Hi did you configured the script to work with only one pin ? HOW !? i'm killing myself to get it to work with only just GPIO 27 ... </p>
<p>Very nice! I see there a very practical and useful application! With, by the way, a nice and clean interface.<br>Good work to you too!</p>
<p>I made it. It was very interesting, but i research use internet instead wifi.</p><p>Please help me</p>
<p>Nice instructable, base on your instruction, i made remote light switch through phone.</p><p>Anyone interested this project, please visit my blog: </p><p>http://engineer2you.blogspot.com/2016/06/raspberry-pi-remote-light-switch.html</p>
<p>Have been trying to setup a web interface for the past few days. Found a few but none of them really worked for some or the other reason. This is the only one which worked the first time through! Amazing.Thank you so much.</p>
<p>hi, nice project.. i want to ask. how to add password to active each button? how the about the code... </p>
<p>I have never made this but the information on this tutorial is good. Useful and is in my bookmarks is my slow learning journey that is raspberry pi.</p>
<p>Ah, thank you sooo much. It is an excellent tutorial and rather easy to tweak. Thank you!</p>
<p>wonderful work !!! keep up the good work. I've managed to make it work on orange pi pc too!!!</p>
<p>Fantastic! Worked like a charm. Minor correction to the text...&quot;<em>sudo chown -R www-data /var/www&quot; </em>will probably work better with &quot;<em>chgrp</em>&quot; instead of &quot;<em>chown</em>&quot; to change the group ownership. I'll be using this to help teach young kids getting started with the RPi, although I have a bit to learn up on the Apache/PHP side of things! Thanks much!</p>
<p>Thanks alot bro! Its a good tutorial for beginner like me :P</p>
<p>Hello guys I'm asking how could I put the pictures in the rasberry I have difficulties doing this ? </p><p>would you help me? I will appreciate it :)</p>
<p>use filezilla and ftp to your raspi, very easy and effective</p>
<p>Hi , is it possible to automatic refresh and password protecting ?</p>
hi <br>does it works on raspberrry pi 2 ?
<p>Works on Pi 2 and 3b</p>
You may need to make some minor changes but I think yes.
<p>hi, i'm a beginner, i have a problem where the pictures don't appear</p><p>I was confused by putting this files (src='data/img/red/red_&quot;.$i.&quot;.jpg') on your source code. where i should put this file on raspberry pi 3? i use raspberry pi 3.</p><p>I've put this file in (src='/home/pi/data/img/red/red_&quot;.$i.&quot;.jpg'). but didn't seem his image. I thought i misplaced this file.</p><p>I appreciate any help</p>
<p>hello, thanks for the tutorial</p><p>i have a problem with change the pict, the pict can't show why i change the pict. i have already change the name of pict with same than your code. but the pict what i want don't show. can you help me for fix the problem ?</p><p>the function of controll work perfect, but the pict won't show correct</p>
<p>Look im really new and would love if someone could help me out, how do i get the pictures in the raspberry pi because i cannot get them there.For that matter im not sure i put the codes in the right place could someone please walk me through this .I'm new like i said I created a file for index.php,gpio.php,and script.js in /var/www/ as for the data i cannot get it in there.Mine looks similiar to yours</p>
<p>nevermind i got it</p>
<p>Hello,</p><p>Maybe you forgot to update the access rights of the pic? If you didn't, Apache cannot use and display these pictures.</p><p>Hope I helped,<br>TheFreeElectron</p>
thanks for reply me.<br><br>i found the problem, the problem is i forgot change the permission pict. <br><br>when i change the permission, the pict change correctly :D
Thank you so much! I was wondering how to make it so something is active as long as I am pressing down a button on the web page ui. I want to make a motor move forward as long as I am holding the button down and stop when I let it go.
<p>Hello, i followed this tutorial and I just ran into a &quot;problem.&quot; The server works perfectly when I access it from my laptop. The problem is that when I try to access it from my android phone it doe not load and gives me the error &quot;This webpage is not available.&quot; Can anybody help me with this??? On my phone browser I am writing my pi's ip address so im just writing &quot;; on google chrome.</p>
169.x.x.x is an apipa address. It means it hasn't picked up an IP address from dhcp. My guess is the pi has a couple of nic's, maybe one wifi and one wired? Chances are you're using the wrong IP. Did you figure this out in the end?
<p>Great project! I have one problem with my set up. It functions properly the first time clicking each button, however if I try to click any button the second time it does not change state. Its like the gpio.php is not getting called the second time. Any Ideas?</p>
<p>Update: This appears to be an issue when using Internet Explorer 11. Works fine on my Iphone.</p>
<p>Hey guys!</p><p>A little update....</p><p>Whew! A month and a half waiting for 555 timers from china! Worth the 1.00 for 5 though IMO.....they cost around $7 locally.</p><p>The wiring is done, but I'm having a problem where the LED blinks when the relay is closed. Not sure if I have to change the config of the relay pins, then the code, or if theres something I can do to the 555 circuit. It's also very dim, so I'll have to power them from an external power supply. I used a 6v wallwart and they were bright when all 8 were on. The resistors used for the LED's are 220Ohm which were calculated for using 5v as the power source.</p><p>I'm just waiting for the spare time to sit down and finger it out.</p><p><strong>I JUST HAD A GREAT IDEA THAT MADE ME JUMP ONLINE RIGHT NOW</strong></p><p>I'd like to monitor how often each relay is left on.</p><p>Maybe even with the ability to view the actual times that it's on (12am-2pm etc...).</p><p>I daydreamed a bit further and thought how convenient it would be to be able to print out my usage for the pins every month to keep track of how long each device is powered on. </p><p>I'm not up to the task of trying to code it from scratch, but I'm sure I could find something on the net to piece this together. I'm sure I'll have to buy the RTC for the PI, right?</p><p>Anyways I mostly came on to show that I havent forgotten about u guys and that it's still a work in progress. I blame China for tyhe long delay :D</p>
<p>Your instructable is very very USEFUL!!!</p><p>but when i run my php file raspi server through web,their appears to be 404 url error(url no found)...even i used these commands(<em>sudo chown -R pi /var/www and </em></p><p><em><br></em></p><p><em>sudo chown -R www-data /var/www</em>&quot; ) but nothing happened!!!</p><p>what should i do ?</p>

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