The Raspberry Pi is an amazing 35 dollars mini-computer. It allows you to do everything you could do with a regular Linux computer (Connecting to the internet, watching videos, launching applications, ...) but also to interact with the world surrounding it, just like an Arduino. That's why I qualify it as a mix between a computer and a micro-controller.
That's also why I chose it for this project. I'm going to show you how to control LEDs with your Raspberry Pi. Firstly directly from the Raspberry Pi itself, then from any device in your house like your Smartphone or your tablet.

Here is a very good example of what you can achieve after reading this Instructable: http://www.instructables.com/id/Web-Controlled-8-Channel-Powerstrip/. Thanks to Rleddington for his amazing project.

Update: French version here

Step 1: The electronic part

     The electronic part is nothing special, it's only 8 LEDs with their protecting resistor. The only hard part is to connect the LEDs to the good pin on the Raspberry Pi. Indeed, I'll be using later a library called Wiring Pi made by Gordon Henderson (You can visit his website at: http://wiringpi.com/) and the pin's numbers used in this library aren't the same than the ones on the Raspberry Pi. See this page for matches: http://wiringpi.com/pins/ (just be careful about your Raspberry Pi revision, the pinout isn't exactly the same). I'll be using Wiring pins 0 to 7.
     Concerning the resistors, they should be 270Ω but since I don't have this precise value, I'm using 560Ω resistors (LEDs are just less bright).
     Finally, I've made two schematics to make it simpler. The first one (with the complete Raspberry Pi) is showing you the real pins as they are shown on the board. The second one is a simplified version, it's showing you only the useful pins and their matches in the Wiring Pi library (GPIO Wiring number/Actual number on the board).

Step 2: Installing and using the Wiring Pi library

As said before, Wiring Pi is a library. It simplifies a lot using the Raspberry Pi GPIOs (one command instead a long process). It also means that you can use it in any of your C codes. However, we won't build and use a C program but the Gpio utility. It's a software made by Gordon and coming with the library. It allows you to control the GPIOs in a bash script or directly in a command line. Using this utility is however a lot slower than a C program.

We first need to install it. Gordon himself is explaining it very well on his website: http://wiringpi.com/download-and-install/. You just need to download it from GIT then to build it using the ./build command.
You should now be able to use the Gpio utility, type the "gpio mode 0 out" command to test it out. If nothing special appears, everything's fine. Else, if the board is printing "command not found error" or something like that, be sure that you've followed the guide and build the library.

Let's turn on and off the first LED (Wiring pin 0). You first need to set the pin as an output. Use the "gpio mode 0 out" command to do so. "0" is the wiring pin number and "out" simply stands for output. Now, use the "gpio write 0 1" command to turn on your LED. "0" is again the pin number and "1" is the status (1 for ON and 0 for OFF). If everything's fine you should see your LED shining. To turn it off, simply use the "gpio write 0 0" command.
Just a little tip, if you want to use the actual pin number (GPIO-17) instead of the Wiring Pi number (0 is corresponding to GPIO-17), use the -g flag in your command. Ex: "gpio -g write 17 1" instead of "gpio write 0 1".

There is also the "gpio read" command which allows you to read the pin's status. It may seems useless when the pin has been set as an output but it allows you to be sure of the pin's status when you can't see the LED. Using it is as simple as before, just type "gpio read 0" where "0" is the wiring pin number. The command is returning the pin's status (again 1 for ON and 0 for OFF).

Finally the Wiring Pi library is containing a lot of other commands/functions but I'm not gonna cover them in this instructable since there are not useful here. See this page if you are more curious: http://wiringpi.com/reference/ (library's functions) and https://projects.drogon.net/raspberry-pi/wiringpi/the-gpio-utility/ or the "man gpio" command for the Gpio utility.

Now that you can use this utility, let's play a little bit with it. You can first, if it's not already the case, control remotely your Raspberry Pi with SSH. You can use Putty for Windows or ServerAuditor for your Smartphone. Then have fun with bash scripts such as this one which is turning on LEDs 0 to 7, waiting 2 seconds, then turning them off again:


#set mode to output
for i in 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7;
do gpio mode $i out;

#turn on LEDs 0 to 7
for i in 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7;
do gpio write $i 1;

#wait 2 seconds
sleep 2;

#turn LEDs off
for i in 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7;
do gpio write $i 0;

Step 3: Installing a web server then transferring your website to it

Controlling the LEDs remotely with SSH is pretty cool but the interface (console) isn't very user friendly and typing the commands every time is long and annoying. That's why we need a graphical interface for our project.
Programming an app for each OS (IOS, Android, Windows phone, Mac, Linux, Windows,...) would be too long and would require to know a lot of different languages for nearly nothing. It would also require to do an application running on the Raspberry Pi. Making it this way would be overkill and time wasting.
That's why a website is the best solution, it's compatible with all devices and you "only" need to know four languages: HTML (for the page's skeleton), CSS (page's style), PHP (interactions with the server) and JavaScript (interactions with the user).

We indeed need to install a web server on the Raspberry Pi. In our case, we don't need a MySQL database, only a HTTP server and its PHP extension.
After updating your Raspberry Pi with the "sudo apt-get update" command, type "sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5" to install Apache HTTP server and PHP5 extension. You can now test if your server is working by typing the IP of your Raspberry Pi in your browser. You should now see a "It works!" page with two other lines. If you don't, then check your board's IP, try re-installing Apache or rebooting your Raspberry Pi. This page is showing that your Apache server is working properly but not its PHP extension. To check it, navigate to your "/var/www/" directory by using the "cd /var/www/" command. If you use the "ls" command, you should have only one file named "index.html". This file corresponds to the "It works!" page. You can now delete it ("sudo rm index.html") and create another one called "index.php" (use "sudo nano index.php"). Then type the following text:


After saving it using ^o (Ctrl + o), exit nano editor with ^x (Ctrl + x). Now if you refresh your browser, you should see a long page with lots of information about your server and PHP. If you don't, check the index.php file, try re-installing PHP or try to understand the error displayed instead of the page (Google it if necessary).

If both pages were correctly displayed, then you now have a fully functional Apache/PHP server but using nano every time is annoying and not very comfortable. We indeed need to transfer files from your computer to your Raspberry Pi. You may want to install a FTP server but it isn't necessary, you can already transfer files using the SFTP protocol. All you need is an SFTP client on your computer. I'm personally using WinSCP for Windows but there are Cyberduck for mac and Filezilla for Linux. If you try transferring files before reading what's next, you'll probably have issues such as "access refused" or "cannot write here". It's due to the fact that the user pi isn't owning the www directory. Indeed, if you try the "ls -l /var/www" command, you'll see that only root (the super user) is owning the www directory. You can (like I did) use the "sudo chown -R pi /var/www" command to change it or create a group named www-data in which you place the pi user then use the "sudo chown -R www-data /var/www" command. The -R flag is standing for recursive, it means that the user/group isn't owning only the directory itself but also everything inside (index.php as example).
You now have your server ready to work and to receive web pages. Have fun with it if know HTML, CSS and PHP.

Edit:Apparently, apache's default folder has been changed to "var/www/html" so may need to adapt the previous commands.

Step 4: Controlling the LEDs with PHP

We now have a web server and a library, let' put them together.
PHP stands for "PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor", It's a server side scripting language. It means that the PHP code is executed once (each time the page is requested) by the server and cannot be seen by the client. I used this language because it's the most popular (and that's the only one I know) but you have to know that they are other server side languages like Python, Ruby, Lua, Perl, ... However, I don't know if the functions we are gonna use have their equivalents in these languages.

Executing applications with a PHP code can be done with two different functions: exec (for execute) and system. Firstly, the "system" function. It takes two parameters: "system ( string $command, int $return_var )", as you guessed it, the first parameter is the command to execute and the second one is the returned status of the executed command. The second parameter isn't compulsory. You can use this function if you don't expect an answer from the command executed. Thus, you can use it if you need to execute "gpio mode 0 out" or "gpio write 0 1" commands. Example:

     system ( "gpio mode 0 out" );
     system ( "gpio write 0 1" );

Then, the "exec" function. This function is making exactly the same work than "system" but it reads and stores what the command printed. It takes three parameters: "exec ( string $command, array $output, int $return_var )", again $command and $return_var are the same parameters and the only difference is the $output array. As it's name says it will store the command's output in an array. Thus, you can use this function if you need what the command prints like with the "gpio read 0" command. Example:

     exec ( "gpio read 0", $status );
     print_r ( $status );

You can now execute nearly whatever command you want but let's make a little PHP example to practice: We will turn on LEDs 0 to 7, then wait 2 seconds, then turn them off. Just like we did with the bash script. Edit the index.php file with the following code:

$status = array ( 0 );
//set pins mode to output
for ($i = 0; $i <= 7; $i++ ) {
     system ( "gpio mode ".$i." out" );
//turns on the LEDs
for ($i = 0; $i <= 7; $i++ ) {
     system ( "gpio write ".$i." 1" );
//reads and prints the LEDs status
for ($i = 0; $i <= 7; $i++ ) {
     exec ( "gpio read ".$i, $status );
     echo ( $status[0] );
//waits 2 seconds
sleep ( 2 );
//turns off the LEDs
for ($i = 0; $i <= 7; $i++ ) {
     system ( "gpio write ".$i." 0" );

Step 5: Making the interface

We can now control our Raspberry Pi with simple PHP scripts but there is no interaction with the user and thereby we can't choose the LED to turn on/off. Let's make the interface!
It's composed of pictures I've found on Google images (search for "on/off button"). One was green and the other one red, I just added the number using The Gimp. Each picture/button is corresponding to its LED, so if you click on one of these, the corresponding LED will be turned on/off and the picture will be changed to its green/red version. The page's skeleton will be made with HTML, the server interactions and page's generation with PHP and at last JavaScript to manage interactions with the user and page's animation. If you don't know, JavaScript is a client side language and unlike PHP, it's executed not once, but continuously by your browser. That's why you can change the page's look without reloading it or accessing to an other. If you are wondering why I spoke about CSS before, it's just because we need it for some style and page-layout like the the black background. I didn't make a full .css file because it wasn't necessary here.
We first need an "index.php" file (extension is .php and not .html cause we will use PHP code, it helps the server to know if there is PHP to execute before sending the generated page). This page is the main page containing the 8 buttons. These buttons are first generated with a "exec ( "gpio read ".$i, $output );" in a for loop. Then we need to detect when the user is clicking on one of these buttons. That's where the JavaScript is useful, I put it in a separate file called "script.js" but it's still included in index.php. The script is simply adding an event listener to all of the eight buttons and each time one of these is pressed, it uses a function which is asking for gpio.php, receiving the answer then returning it. Finally, in function of this, the JavaScript changes the button to red (for OFF) or to green (for ON). Now, the last page: gpio.php. It contains the PHP code to turn on/off the LEDs in function of what the JavaScript function sent. The user shouldn't normally ask for this precise page but there is one golden rule when creating websites and you should always remember this one: "NEVER TRUST THE USER". In other words, never think the user is always gonna do what you think he's gonna do. Thus, I added some securities at the begin of the PHP code like making sure the user gave a correct value and not a letter as example. I made a small diagram to sum up all this text.

You can download the full project directly on this website below.

Step 6: Conclusion and ideas of improvements

This small but long explained project was fun and I learned a lot. I hope you did the same. However, controlling LEDs isn't very useful. That's why what we made is rather a tool than a real project. Christmas is soon (about one and a half months from the day I wrote this instructable) so why not replacing LEDs by relays and controlling lights around your house. There are some pretty good relay boards for the Raspberry Pi on Ebay and more generally on the Internet. Alternatively, and if you're not scared about working on your house, you can even control your house's lights, garage door, coffee machine, heating system, ... The only limit is your imagination.
There are also a lot of possible improvements like changing the interface, adding more LEDs via a shift register, using vocal recognition, ... In addition, with PHP, you are not limited to gpio write or read. You can use the full Gpio utility and thus interact with other devices with UART or any other implemented protocol. You can also use PWM (Pulse Width Modification) to control servos, ...
Writing this Instructable and sharing my little knowledge was a great pleasure for me and I hope it was the same for you to read it. I tried to keep it simple but at the same time to teach the most possible. I didn't want to do a simple and dumb step by step: "download this code, run it, you're done". I think that something is useless to learn until you understand how it works or why you do this and not that. Let me know if you think it's the good way or if I should do it otherwise.

PS: This is my very first instructable and English is not my native language so if you have any comment, advice, suggestion, idea, ... Just let me know, I'll be glad to answer you and of course to learn.

<p>Hello guys I'm asking how could I put the pictures in the rasberry I have difficulties doing this ? </p><p>would you help me? I will appreciate it :)</p>
<p>use filezilla and ftp to your raspi, very easy and effective</p>
<p>Hi , is it possible to automatic refresh and password protecting ?</p>
hi <br>does it works on raspberrry pi 2 ?
<p>Works on Pi 2 and 3b</p>
You may need to make some minor changes but I think yes.
<p>Hi, a great project, I got it working first time. However the pins I want to you are different.</p><p>I want to change to GPIO pins 17,27,22,5,6,13 but I cannot see how to change the pins in your scrips.</p><p>Any help would be very welcome.</p>
<p>I was really hoping he'd answer this. It was also asked before and it was stated that it is already in the instructions how to. Really though, all that is in the instructions was how to wire your GPIO to pins 0 -7, not how to re-wire your existing project to those pins... </p><p>I think question could be better asked is how to alter from pins 0-7 so those of us not starting from scratch can use the pins already in use. </p>
Hi!<br><br>I think I already answered this question in another comment but if I didn't then here's how you can use whatever pins you want:<br>-Use the same code<br>-In gpio.php add an array making the link between numbers 0 to 7 and the pins' number you want to use. For instance [5,6,7,8...,13] if you want to use pins 5 to 13. It doesn't need to be in a particular order. That way, the user still asks for pin 0 which will, due to the array, corresponds to its first element. Here it would be 5.<br><br>Hope I Helped,<br>TheFreeElectron
<p>Thank you for answering! So would an example of that be near the top?</p><p>0 = 5</p><p>1 = 6</p><p>etc?</p><p>Thanks.</p>
<p>That's it. So instead of putting $pin (from 0 to 7) in the exec function, you put $array[ $pin ] (array for 5 to 13)</p>
<p>Sorry if I am not getting this but here is how my exec line reads in gpio.php</p><p>exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$pic, $status, $return );</p><p>I don't get at all what you have said to swap out into this line or where 0-7 are getting pulled from this line to begin with? Here is the entire gpio.php file if you could replace in here exactly how to add these random pins for easy example: 0,2,3,5,8,9,12,13.</p><p>Thanks again for your time~!</p><p>&lt;?php</p><p>//TheFreeElectron 2015, <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectron/" rel="nofollow"> http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectr...</a></p><p>//This page is requested by the JavaScript, it updates the pin's status and then print it</p><p>//Getting and using values</p><p>if (isset ( $_GET[&quot;pic&quot;] )) {</p><p> $pic = strip_tags ($_GET[&quot;pic&quot;]);</p><p> //test if value is a number</p><p> if ( (is_numeric($pic)) &amp;&amp; ($pic &lt;= 7) &amp;&amp; ($pic &gt;= 0) ) {</p><p> //set the gpio's mode to output</p><p> system(&quot;gpio mode &quot;.$pic.&quot; out&quot;);</p><p> //reading pin's status</p><p> exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$pic, $status, $return );</p><p> //set the gpio to high/low</p><p> if ($status[0] == &quot;0&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;1&quot;; }</p><p> else if ($status[0] == &quot;1&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;0&quot;; }</p><p> system(&quot;gpio write &quot;.$pic.&quot; &quot;.$status[0] );</p><p> //reading pin's status</p><p> exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$pic, $status, $return );</p><p> //print it to the client on the response</p><p> echo($status[0]);</p><p> }</p><p> else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>} //print fail if cannot use values</p><p>else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>?&gt;</p>
<p>At the beginning of the code, create $array = [5,...,13]<br>Then in the system and exec commands, replace $pic by $array[$pic]</p>
<p>I'm not sure I am understanding how to use various GPIO pins that are not in any sequence... </p><p>So $array = [5,13,19,18,22] would be OK? and $pic is a mystery.. but the same?</p>
<p>Ok, I did exactly as you said and now the page errors if you try to click on a on/off button. This is to the point of going to look for another instructable. </p><p>I edited to what you said as you can see below. I am not sure why you would not just post a complete example to get this simple question out of the way.</p><p>&lt;?php</p><p>//TheFreeElectron 2015, <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectron/" rel="nofollow"> http://www.instructables.com/member/TheFreeElectr...</a></p><p>//This page is requested by the JavaScript, it updates the pin's status and then print it</p><p>//Getting and using values</p><p>if (isset ( $_GET[&quot;pic&quot;] )) {</p><p>$pic = strip_tags ($_GET[&quot;pic&quot;]);</p><p>$array = [0,27,2,3,4,5,6,7]</p><p>//test if value is a number</p><p>if ( (is_numeric($pic)) &amp;&amp; ($pic &lt;= 7) &amp;&amp; ($pic &gt;= 0) ) {</p><p>//set the gpio's mode to output</p><p>system(&quot;gpio mode &quot;.$array[$pic].&quot; out&quot;);</p><p>//reading pin's status</p><p>exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$array[$pic], $status, $return );</p><p>//set the gpio to high/low</p><p>if ($status[0] == &quot;0&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;1&quot;; }</p><p>else if ($status[0] == &quot;1&quot; ) { $status[0] = &quot;0&quot;; }</p><p>system(&quot;gpio write &quot;.$array[$pic].&quot; &quot;.$status[0] );</p><p>//reading pin's status</p><p>exec (&quot;gpio read &quot;.$array[$pic], $status, $return );</p><p>//print it to the client on the response</p><p>echo($status[0]);</p><p>}</p><p>else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>} //print fail if cannot use values</p><p>else { echo (&quot;fail&quot;); }</p><p>?&gt;</p>
<p>Try to ask directly for /gpio.php?pic=0 in your browser to see what it gives you. In function of that you should be able to troubleshoot the error: print variables, try separate commands, etc, simply do what a programmer would do.<br><br>If you want to look for another instructable, you are obviously absolutely free.</p>
<p>more headache than it's worth.. thank you anyway. Really too bad you couldn't have just answered differently to solve vs idk what. How hard would it have been for you to just look at the code I posted and corrected it? If we were coders we likely wouldn't be on this site and if you just confuse people you are not helping them learn.. </p>
<p>You really need to take a look at yourself. This is an excellent tutorial, and the author has been extremely helpful to you and many others.</p><p>Helping them learn != doing it for them. </p><p>Be nice!</p>
<p>hi, i'm a beginner, i have a problem where the pictures don't appear</p><p>I was confused by putting this files (src='data/img/red/red_&quot;.$i.&quot;.jpg') on your source code. where i should put this file on raspberry pi 3? i use raspberry pi 3.</p><p>I've put this file in (src='/home/pi/data/img/red/red_&quot;.$i.&quot;.jpg'). but didn't seem his image. I thought i misplaced this file.</p><p>I appreciate any help</p>
<p>hello, thanks for the tutorial</p><p>i have a problem with change the pict, the pict can't show why i change the pict. i have already change the name of pict with same than your code. but the pict what i want don't show. can you help me for fix the problem ?</p><p>the function of controll work perfect, but the pict won't show correct</p>
<p>Look im really new and would love if someone could help me out, how do i get the pictures in the raspberry pi because i cannot get them there.For that matter im not sure i put the codes in the right place could someone please walk me through this .I'm new like i said I created a file for index.php,gpio.php,and script.js in /var/www/ as for the data i cannot get it in there.Mine looks similiar to yours</p>
<p>nevermind i got it</p>
<p>Hello,</p><p>Maybe you forgot to update the access rights of the pic? If you didn't, Apache cannot use and display these pictures.</p><p>Hope I helped,<br>TheFreeElectron</p>
thanks for reply me.<br><br>i found the problem, the problem is i forgot change the permission pict. <br><br>when i change the permission, the pict change correctly :D
Thank you so much! I was wondering how to make it so something is active as long as I am pressing down a button on the web page ui. I want to make a motor move forward as long as I am holding the button down and stop when I let it go.
<p>Hello, i followed this tutorial and I just ran into a &quot;problem.&quot; The server works perfectly when I access it from my laptop. The problem is that when I try to access it from my android phone it doe not load and gives me the error &quot;This webpage is not available.&quot; Can anybody help me with this??? On my phone browser I am writing my pi's ip address so im just writing &quot;; on google chrome.</p>
169.x.x.x is an apipa address. It means it hasn't picked up an IP address from dhcp. My guess is the pi has a couple of nic's, maybe one wifi and one wired? Chances are you're using the wrong IP. Did you figure this out in the end?
<p>Great project! I have one problem with my set up. It functions properly the first time clicking each button, however if I try to click any button the second time it does not change state. Its like the gpio.php is not getting called the second time. Any Ideas?</p>
<p>Update: This appears to be an issue when using Internet Explorer 11. Works fine on my Iphone.</p>
<p>Hey guys!</p><p>A little update....</p><p>Whew! A month and a half waiting for 555 timers from china! Worth the 1.00 for 5 though IMO.....they cost around $7 locally.</p><p>The wiring is done, but I'm having a problem where the LED blinks when the relay is closed. Not sure if I have to change the config of the relay pins, then the code, or if theres something I can do to the 555 circuit. It's also very dim, so I'll have to power them from an external power supply. I used a 6v wallwart and they were bright when all 8 were on. The resistors used for the LED's are 220Ohm which were calculated for using 5v as the power source.</p><p>I'm just waiting for the spare time to sit down and finger it out.</p><p><strong>I JUST HAD A GREAT IDEA THAT MADE ME JUMP ONLINE RIGHT NOW</strong></p><p>I'd like to monitor how often each relay is left on.</p><p>Maybe even with the ability to view the actual times that it's on (12am-2pm etc...).</p><p>I daydreamed a bit further and thought how convenient it would be to be able to print out my usage for the pins every month to keep track of how long each device is powered on. </p><p>I'm not up to the task of trying to code it from scratch, but I'm sure I could find something on the net to piece this together. I'm sure I'll have to buy the RTC for the PI, right?</p><p>Anyways I mostly came on to show that I havent forgotten about u guys and that it's still a work in progress. I blame China for tyhe long delay :D</p>
<p>Your instructable is very very USEFUL!!!</p><p>but when i run my php file raspi server through web,their appears to be 404 url error(url no found)...even i used these commands(<em>sudo chown -R pi /var/www and </em></p><p><em><br></em></p><p><em>sudo chown -R www-data /var/www</em>&quot; ) but nothing happened!!!</p><p>what should i do ?</p>
<p>I found that when I moved the file to /var/www/html it worked. Hope it does for you.</p>
<p>Is this the solution for the no longer existing RS 232 and Parralelle port on modern PC/Laptop . Work is currently in Linux , the machine I used ( milling )is working on the RS232 or parrallel signals .</p>
<p>This was fantastic!! I'm turning on a tea kettle remotely with this and it works like a charm. I am controlling two outlets with this so I edited the code down to two options, no need for loops in this case (but in the future....). My question is, and I think it was asked earlier: If you turn on the LED, then refresh the page, the page doesnt initially read the value of the Pin. </p><p>I have two relays I am controlling, if I turn them on, they show on in the browser, then I refresh browser, they show off on the browser but are still on. They will turn off if I click the button, and then the cycle is properly rest and the buttons turn on and off.</p><p>I am trying to write up a javascript read function that reads the status of the pins when the page loads...no luck in the last 15 minutes or so but unless someone else figures it out, I will post when I'm done! This isnt a serious issue, just would be nice to have. great instructable!! oh... I did it!!</p>
<p>quite a simple solution... :) I just told GPIO via php to set all status to zero as first line...this way, no way any outlet could be accidentally forgotten or left in an unknown but truly &quot;On&quot; state </p>
Sorry but that is a rather ugly solution just imagine:<br>You and your spouse/dontknowwhat are using the same interface for controlling <br>Now you want to turn on the tv in the living room and she the one in the kitchen <br>(Pls dont critisize for PC... Its notnmeant to offend just can't think of a better example)<br>So when she opens the page she turns off you tv right?<br><br>I'll look into the code tomorrow and will present you my findings :)<br><br><br>
Yes, i had the same.problem. as i said both index.php and script.js have to be edited with the correct state (0 or 1) in order for it to work. Simple changing one file and not the other will result in the problem u are having. Coming from almost NO programming background, it was my projects Achilles heel u til it was solved.
<p>Thanks for posting this. It provides an easy, fast way of exposing the pi to the user and interfacing with the gpios. I can think of so many applications!</p>
<p>HEY!!!</p><p>One last quick question...</p><p>I am almost finished my enclosure! :)</p><p>I was wondering if it was possible to add a status led for when my relays are powered?</p><p>I am already using an 8CH relay with status LED's, but these will now be closed inside the case. I'd like to add LED's on the cover of the case, so I can see which relays are on without opening the cover...</p><p>Would I be correct to breakout the pin of the GPIO I wanted to control, and add an LED (with a corresponding resistor) like that??</p><p>I (tried) to draw what I'm trying to say in paint. You may want to grab some popcorn before viewing; it's quite entertaining... </p><p>Basically the RPi, pin for relay board, and led's anode would all connect in the same row, with the cathode and the relays &quot;-&quot; connecting in a row of its own on the protoboard. Any future LED's would be connected the same way.</p><p>IS THIS CORRECT? :S (thk u for your time)</p><p>I'll take some pics when everything is complete :)</p>
Hey!<br> <br> Here's a link for you about how you should connect your LED. The way you did it seems to be the good one&nbsp;<a href="http://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=126629.0" rel="nofollow">http://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=126629.0</a>&nbsp;(Although your drawing is as you said, entertaining... :p). Also, don't forget to connect the Rpi's GND to the relay board's GND.<br> Btw, try fritzing to draw your schematics, it's a very nice and free software.<br> <br> Why not publishing an 'Ible about your project later?<br> <br> Hope I helped,<br> TheFreeElectron
<p>Fritzing is like my long lost friend thk u!!!!!</p><p>I've decided to incorporate 555 timers to make the external status LED's blink when the circuits are closed.</p><p>I've gotten everything tested, just waiting for my parts to come in from China (a 555 timer locally is something like $5, I got 10 from China for under $2) to complete everything (finally).</p><p>Once finished I will post back with the completed project. </p><p>I never thought of making an 'ible but it's a great idea!!!! I've always wanted to contribute some way and it seems like a good place to start!</p><p>Thanks a million again!!! :D:D</p>
<p>What's that twisted blue wire connected to the RPi? I have an RPi 2 so the layout is different, but from looking at diagrams of the model B, I don't see anything that would plug in where it looks like that wire is connected.</p>
They go to header P6 which is the RESET. I installed a header riser so i could easily connect wires to it in the future. The only problem ive had is that the web server sometimes (rarely though) crashes, in which i need to pull the power to reboot. The reset button not only offers a more convinient way to reset the pi, but also helps prevent data corruption by allowing you to NOT cut power to the Pi. Data corruption can occur when power to the Pi is cut while trying to write to the SD.
<p>No problem, it was a pleasure to help!<br>Now, enjoy your own project. As I said, my 'Ible is like a tool and it's up to you to make something with it. In your case, you did it in a clean and very useful way. Congrats! ;)</p><p>TheFreeElectron</p>
<p>No problem, it was a pleasure to help!<br>Now, enjoy your own project. As I said, my 'Ible is like a tool and it's up to you to make something with it. In your case, you did it in a clean and very useful way. Congrats! ;)</p><p>TheFreeElectron</p>
<p>Perfect guide that helped me with some things I didn&acute;t get to work with one of my Pi-project. I don&acute;t have so much PHP knowledge so I have one question: Is it possible to get the status to update if the GPIO value changes from another script? Of course I can set auto update on the page but it will &quot;flash&quot; every time it updates... </p>
Hi,<br>In your case, a good and easy solution is to create a kind of JavaScript routine calling a function every x seconds. That function would simply ask the server for the pin's status and update the page in function of the response. No &quot;flash&quot;.<br>The only problem is that you have to create the JS routine (google is you best friend I would say), the JS function called by the routine and waiting for the response, and the PHP function reading and printing the pin's status. Fortunately, these functions are very similar to the one used in the code so you shouldn't have much problem writing them.<br><br>Hope I helped,<br>TheFreeElectron
<p>Dude, its amazing. I will try it soon and click &quot;I Made it!&quot; button. Wish Me LUck :)</p>
Thank you TheFreeElectron for the tutorial!<br><br>How can I control LEDs that are connected on different raspberry pi devices (on same or different networks) from the same web page?
And can a nonexpert do it?