Reciprocating pump is a positive plunger pump. They are used widely in lifting water from ground to the storage tanks in residential areas. They develop high pressures but has limited use. Reciprocating pump consists of "suction stroke" and a "delivery stroke". Suction stroke is the place where the water is sucked in from the ground and delivery stroke is the place where the sucked water is delivered to the required place.
During the suction stroke the piston is moved backward and the inlet valve opens and water enters in exit valve will be closed. During delivery stroke the piston moves inward by forcing the water through the outlet valve but the inlet valve remains closed. This cycle continues infinetely till the pump is stopped.
1/2" PVC pipe of required length(see picture)
Two "T" joints
Two end caps
One 10ml syringe
Two marbles(acts as valve)
one 1/2 inch tube to fix the syringe.