Introduction: Simplest Wireless Electricity Transmission Experiment

Picture of Simplest Wireless Electricity Transmission Experiment

Hello everybody, today I want to show you very interesting and very simple wireless electricity transmission experiment, in fact the simplest air transformer. I really like circuits like this, impressive and elementary in the repetition.

Step 1: Components

Picture of Components

So lets start, we need transistor 2n3904, or almost any similar NPN transistor, any LED, also we need cooper winding wire 0.1-0.5mm about 15 meters, I use 0.13mm or 36AWG you if like. You can find a suitable wire in almost any needless transformers.

And that's it, it’s all components we need for this project.

Step 2: Coils

Picture of Coils

First we need to make 3 coils, 30, 60, 90 turns each, for a temporary frame I used 1 ½ inch pipe, place a piece of tape sticky side out, glued one end of the wire, and wind 30 turns, than fix the coil and pull it out from the frame, leave 10 centimeters wires for installation. Same with coils on 60 and 90 turn. In general you can not worry about the frame, and wind coils on the fingers, I'm just trying to make it accurate.

Step 3: Assembly

Picture of Assembly

Now let’s look at the circuit, it consist of two parts, two coils and a transistor – is a generator, and the third coil and LED – indicator. Getting to the assembly, clean winding wires, solder transistor legs, then you need to solder one end of the 60 turns coil to the middle terminal of the transistor, to the base (if you are using 2n3904, if different, better search for the datasheet), I also pu pice of heat shrink tube in vainly, than you understand why. Solder the rest end of coil to firs transistor’s terminal it’s emitter. Next step – solder solder any end of 30 turns coil to third transistor’s terminal it’s collector. Solder a little pice of regular wire to the first transistors leg, it’s going to be power. Now turn of the LED and rest 90 turns coil, simply solder the diode terminals to the ends of the coil, the polarity is not important. At this assembly is completed.

Step 4: Power-on

Picture of Power-on

Device need power supply of 1.5 to 9 volts, in my case it’s two AA batteries in series. Place coils 1 and 2, one above the other, plus is going to remained end of 30 turns coil, and wire we solder to first transistor terminal to minus. Place the indicator coil nearby. Last step is touch transistor's base with something metal to start generator, now you understand why heat shrink tube in vain? And vuala! LED lights - device works! If it doesn’t try to flip over one of the coil, or change ends of 60 turns coil.

Step 5: Final


DenizG1 (author)2016-12-05

can i use 2n2222

AlexandrK20 (author)2016-10-25

Константин, а про Бровина Владимира Ильича не упомянул.

TCSC47 (author)AlexandrK202016-10-26

This web site is not intended as a history site, so the mentioning of particular people who had a historical input into the topic being discussed is slightly irrelevant. It is intended for people to talk and demonstrate projects and other things that they have found interesting.

Also I would suggest that as this is an English speaking web site that you should respect that and write in English. You can clearly understand English or you wouldn't have been able to read it. If I were posting on a Russian site, I would write in Russian out of politeness.

ThePineappleKing (author)TCSC472016-10-26

Don't be mean just use translate if you want to figure out what they said

TCSC47 (author)ThePineappleKing2016-10-28

No, it is rude, like whispering in public. You could be saying anything. At the university where I worked there were a lot of students whose first language was not English, but in class they were not allowed to converse in their own languages for precisely this reason.

ThePineappleKing (author)TCSC472016-10-30

That is both a bit racist and very disrespectful to their culture and heritage be nice or don't say anything

TCSC47 (author)ThePineappleKing2016-11-01

It is not racist to point out when people are being rude.

NicholasD13 (author)TCSC472016-10-30

Wow TCSC47 you're so bossy, who made you the language prefect?

AlexandrK20 (author)TCSC472016-10-26

Dear TCSC47. I capitulate. You're right.

How-ToDo (author)AlexandrK202016-10-25

На мой взгляд упоминать его в материале о простейшем блокинг генераторе нет необходимости. Вот когда будет что-то вроде "лженаука" или "учёные шарлатаны" тогда обязательно.

AlexandrK20 (author)How-ToDo2016-10-25

Эта схема не является простейшим блокинг-генератором, нет глубокой трансформаторной связи, не то соотношение витков, отсутствие сердечника.

JindřichV (author)AlexandrK202016-10-31

I think there's no core because this is supposed to be a wireless charger-style experiment where the physical diameter of the loop should be relatively large (compared to a blocking oscillator used only as a blocking oscillator).
So there are IMHO two reasons why core is absent:
1) in such a large loop the inductance would be too high with a core (could be easily overcome by making the loop only 1 turn / 2 turns)
2) you cannot easily find a piece of suitable ferrite material of rectangular or circle shape that big.

AdrienR (author)2016-10-25

How does it work? I always thought that u=di/dt. As i is constant, u should be null?

AutoRob (author)AdrienR2016-10-25

The primary (he calls "generator") oscillates. You have to touch the base of the transistor to kick-start it. Would be cool to put an oscilloscope on the output coil and measure the frequency.

AdrienR (author)AutoRob2016-10-28

Ok I understand now. I forgot that L2 was exited by the others coils. Thank you.

sraiyan (author)2016-10-27

very nice instructable. Love it, share it <3

Same tutorial written here in Bengali:

TomC17 (author)2016-10-25

I want to make a Persistence of Vision display with at least a dozen leds, how would I do it and what will I need? Thanks

Lakes57 (author)TomC172016-10-27

See this.

soumitraseth (author)2016-10-25


Many Thank`s

jrv_boots (author)2016-10-25

Transmission of electricity wire-lessly does run into a couple of
issues: 1) overcoming the Maxwell/Boltzmann permeability constant, 2)
reconciling the 2nd thermodynamic law (read: there is no free lunch

DanDav1956 (author)2016-10-25

Exyremely inefficient...

A much better design is needed to be practable

HarapW (author)2016-10-25

Does the transistor get hot? I did a similar built from youtube and is powering a LED using the same transistor but in less than a minute the transistor becomes VERY hot and I only used 1.5V battery but don't remember what resistors sizes. On the comments on youtube they mentioned about using a diode which may help. Can you please comment?

How-ToDo (author)HarapW2016-10-25

In my case, the transistor is absolutely cold. I'd recommend you add a resistor to the base as said KarimS30

KarimS30 (author)2016-10-25

Hi Constantine,

Great, simple instructable for easy wireless power demonstration. Just one suggestion: the base lead of the transistor is getting hot because there is no load to influence current. This will degrade the transistor over time. I suggest adding a simple load (~1 k ohm resistor should be fine) between the base lead and the coil wire, which should help.

oldboffin (author)2016-10-25

Stick it on a wooden tower on Long Island, and be in contact with the whole world ! like Tesla tried a hundred years ago !
Sorry Nikola, there is no such thing as a free lunch

Raphango (author)2016-10-25


bla1910 (author)2016-10-25

How many mA is transferred?

Raphango (author)bla19102016-10-25

need to know.. =)

cristianonescu (author)2016-10-25

What is the output that it gives? Thanks a lot !!

TheHomeschoolHouse (author)2016-10-24

This is fantastic! I'm pretty new to electronics and I think I may experiment with this one just for fun! Thanks so much for sharing!

ExtremeSam (author)2016-10-23

Thanks for giving an in depth reasoning and how-to build the circuit!

3366carlos (author)2016-10-23

Nice, this is how wireless charging phones work

gizu_one (author)2016-10-23

This is magic ! :O

ahmet_024102 (author)2016-10-23

thank you thank you thank you

About This Instructable




Bio: Just do things, electronics, woodwork, etc.
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