Introduction: Single White Line Detector for SUMO ROBOT

Picture of Single White Line Detector for SUMO ROBOT

Every ROBOT entering a SUMO contest needs a white line detector not to fall out of the DOJO (Arena with a white border ! Build this circuit and get ready for combat !

This circuit uses 1/2 of a LM358 OpAmp so if you decide to do a line follower instead of a single line detector you'll just need to add components to it's right side !

I used a stripboard as this is a easy method to build a circuit and it doesn't require acids and special equipment !

Step 1: Cut the Stripboard

Picture of Cut the Stripboard

Cut a 9x14 piece of stripboard. Solder a conductor from line 1 to 7. This will bring the positive to one edge of the variable resistor.

Step 2: Minus OpAmp

Picture of Minus OpAmp

Solder a conductor from line 6 to 8. This will bring the negative to pin 4 of opAmp.

Step 3: Cuts for Variable Resistor

Picture of Cuts for Variable Resistor

Cut the strips near where you are going to solder the variable resistor.

Step 4: Enlarge Hole for Variable Resistor

Picture of Enlarge Hole for Variable Resistor

You will have to enlarge the too holes for the variable resistor.

Step 5: Solder the Variable Resistor

Picture of Solder the Variable Resistor

Put the variable resistor in place and solder it's 3 pins !

Step 6: Solder the 10k Pull-down Resistor

Picture of Solder the 10k Pull-down Resistor

This is to keep the output at a low state if you are going to connect it to a microcontroller.

Step 7: Solder the 560 Ohm Resistor to IR LED

Picture of Solder the 560 Ohm Resistor to IR LED

Solder the resistor which will connect to the IR LED

Step 8: Solder the 10K Resistor (pull-down to Non-inverting Ampop Input)

Picture of Solder the 10K Resistor (pull-down to Non-inverting Ampop Input)

Solder a 10k resistor between line 5 and line 8 (minus)

Step 9: Solder the 560 Ohm Resistor for Output Red Led

Picture of Solder the 560 Ohm Resistor for Output Red Led

Solder the 560 ohm resistor between line 3 and 9 that will limit the current through the output led (white line indicator)

Step 10: Solder the Led Indicator

Picture of Solder the Led Indicator

Now that you have the 560 ohm in place solder the red led indicator !

Step 11: Solder the 8 Pin Socket for the OpAmp

Picture of Solder the 8 Pin Socket for the OpAmp

Solder the OpAmp socket and make the cuts on each of the 4 lines

Step 12: Solder the IR Emitter (Transparent) and the IR Photodiode (Filtered)

Picture of Solder the IR Emitter (Transparent) and the IR Photodiode (Filtered)

This step is critical. As the line detector will be facing down you will have the solder the IR LED and the IR Photodiode on stripside of the board !

Step 13: Solder the + Shunt

Picture of Solder the + Shunt

Pin 8 (line 3) of the OpAmp needs to be connected to + rail (line 1)

Step 14: Cut 3 Double Headers and Solder

Picture of Cut 3 Double Headers and Solder

You will need to connect you line detector circuit to power and microcontroller so solder the headers to - line 8, + line 1 and output line 3

Step 15: Put the LM358 in Place and Power the Circuit !

Picture of Put the LM358 in Place and Power the Circuit !

You will have to test it pointing the board to a white surface and a black surface and adjusting the variable resistor ! Remember it is a good practice to indicate on you board the out header, the minus and the positive.

Step 16: Protect You Sensors !

Picture of Protect You Sensors !

Your SUMO ROBOT will have fierce combats ! You better put some PVC pipes to protect the sensors and glue it with hot glue !

Comments

seamster (author)2016-05-11

Very good instructions! This is a great first instructable. Can't wait to see what you make next! :)

FernandoS24 (author)seamster2016-05-12

Thanks Seamster ! We are all part of this ! Next I'll be doing some ROBOT and Electronics instructables ! Stay tuned ! :D

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