Introduction: Smokehouse, Pizza Oven, Garden Grill - DIY Tutorial
Why smokehouse ?
Smokehouse allows to create healthy great meat, fishes and cheeses.
You could create smoked which are durable, without preservatives and with wonderful taste.
In my tutorial I've created smokehouse with two hearth: one for cold smoke (less than 24 celcius degrees) and the other one for hot smoke (up to 80 celcius degrees).
More about smokehouses and cold/hot smoking You can read here in wikipedia.
Why grill ?
Why not ? Everyone is grilling in the summer.
Why pizza/bread oven ?
Own pizza/bread oven gives an opportunity to create traditional old-fashion way bread, italian like pizza and rolls.
It is easy to use, and I think that creating the smokehouse without additionl oven would be a waste of space.
All in one
In this tutorial I will show, how to create all-in-one: grill, pizza oven and smokehouse. I will show it on the pictures, but in the end of this article there is a video with timelapse from creating the whole construction.
Step 1: Step 1: Foundations
First You have to make reinforced foundations. The whole construction will be quite heavy, so the foundations should be at least 30-35 cm deep.
Reinforcement could be made from normal 10-12mm diameter steel.
It is important that foundations should be good leveled and covered with water resistant insulation. In my case I've used something which is transparent, but it could be standard, black liniment based on tar like bitex.
Step 2: Step 2: Building the Walls and Pizza Hearth
Walls of the smokehouse should be made from materials which don't accumulate the heat. In other case, further smoked will become to dry and to burnt. It will be also impossible to achieve the low temperature of the smoke.
I've used the cheapest red bricks, but it could be any other materials which could stand the heat like brick from demolition or ceramic brick etc.
Pizza/bread oven's hearth have to be made from different material. This time, material have to accumulate the heat. It could be clay, clay brick or (as in my case) special fireclay brick. Keep in mind that such bricks requires also special mortar which is fire resistant.
Bricklaying isn't the complicated process and You could not bother small details, since the whole construction will be plastered later on.
Step 3: Step 3: Lintels
The easiest way to make the lintels is to make them from concrete.
First You have to make the boarding, then reinforcement from steel and cover all of this with concrete.
One thing to remember is to put the chimney in pizza hearth. I've made the hole from paper tube, which could be removed easly later on.
Step 4: Step 4: Chimneys
Chimneys could be made from special metal tubes which is the best way to do. Those tubes are quite expensive, so I've created the chimneys from normal bricks. It is also good way, but such chimneys have to be plastered from the outside and from the inside as well to avoid 'leaking' of the smoke.
One thing to remember is the chimney diameter. It have to beabout 15 cm in diameter to provide good smoke flow for smoking chamber.
Step 5: Step 5: the Main Chimney/smoking Chamber
I've created additional cornice between hearths and smoking chambers. As You can see cornice is made from bricks in smokehouse part, and from concrete in pizza oven''s part.
This is because in pizza oven's part cornice is also the last layer-the top. So I've made boarding which includes cornice, reinforcement and cover all of it with concrete.
Step 6: Step 6: Smoking Chamber - Hangers for Meat
Hangers for meat have to be removable. I've created them from wooden sticks. It's important to use leafy tree for such sticks.
On those sticks I hang some metal hangers which I've made from special caps for jars, but it is because I've had a lot of them to waste. In normal case it is better to use Stainless Steel wire.
Step 7: Step 7: That's All :)
On the end, when the whole construction dry enough You can plaster Your smokehouse.I've used normal plaster from sand, cement and lime.
Important thing: Before first smoking, You have to fire all hearth without the meat/cheeses etc. It is very important, because it will dry the whole construction. If You don't do that, You will have smoky stains on Your walls, doors (where steam will condense) and on meats! Smoked will be ruined in such case.
Now You can make own smoked. Bon Appetit :)
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