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Picture of Sofa de Pallets (Pallet Sofa)

Olá pessoal,

Sou usuário do site a bastante tempo, mas este é o meu primeiro post aqui, então se faltarem detalhes ou algo não ficar muito claro, postem suas dúvidas e vou tentar ajudá-los.

AVISO:

Primeiramente gostaria de deixar claro uma coisa: moro no Brasil, e nossa língua é o Português (não Espanhol, nem tampouco Latim). Portanto é nela que vou escrever inicialmente a maioria dos meus projetos, pois assim como a maioria de nós tem que correr atrás de aprender outras línguas quando estamos navegando na internet é justo que todos façam o mesmo. Na pior das hipóteses, usem o tradutor do Google. Esse é o outro lado da globalização...;-)

Como o Instructables é um site internacional (e qual não seria?), vou tentar traduzir os meus projetos para o Inglês assim que possível, mas isso não será prioridade, e como meu inglês não é tão bom assim, qualquer auxílio será muito bem vindo.

Entretanto, fiquem a vontade para tirar suas dúvidas em qualquer língua. Farei o melhor possível pra responder também na língua perguntada.

NOTICE:

First of all; i live in Brazil, and here we speeak Portuguesse (not spanish, nor latin). So, initially my projects will be written in Portugueese, because if most of us need to learn another languages when surfing on the internet, its fair all do the same. In the worst cenario, try use Google Translator. That's the other side of Globalization ;-)

As instructables is an international site (wich doesn't?), i'll try to translate my projects to English as soon as possible, but it will not be a priority, and as my English it's not so good, any help will be apreciated.

However, be confortable to ask your questions in any language. I promess do my best to answer in your language too.

######## UPDATE (11/17/2012) ########:
The text has been fully translated.
Forgive my bad English, I tried to do my best.
Any collaboration and / or correction are welcome.


 
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Step 1: O projeto (The project)

Picture of O projeto (The project)

PORT.:
Navegando em alguns sites (mesmo aqui no Instructables) sempre gostei dos sofás de pallets que o pessoal faz.

Há também ótimas idéias ao se procurar por "sofá pallet" no Google Imagens (http://migre.me/bJZh0).

Moro em um apartamento pequeno e um sofá destes seria ao mesmo tempo confortável e pequeno o suficiente para eventuais mudanças ou modificações de layout.

Então decidimos (eu e minha patroa) fazer da seguinte forma: seria um sofá de canto, dividido em duas peças grandes (para sentar) de 110cm X 60cm X 15cm e uma terceira peça menor de 60cm X 40cm X15cm que serviria de "coringa" (para colocar os pés, ou "esticar" um dos lados do sofá).

Como não queríamos um sofá muito baixo, decidimos fazê-lo duplo (com duas "camadas" de pallet em cada assento). Portanto, a altura de cada assento seria 15cm * 2 = 30cm (sem contar com a altura das almofadas: acrescentar + uns 12 cm)

As medidas finais ficaram como no esquema abaixo:

ENG.:
Browsing some sites (even here at Instructables) always liked the sofas pallets that people does.

There are also great ideas when you search for "pallet sofa" on Google Images (http://migre.me/bJZh0).

I live in a small apartment and a sofa like these would be both comfortable and small enough for any changes or modifications to the layout.

So we decided (me and my wife) do the following: it needed to be a corner sofa, and would be divided into two large pieces (to sit) of 110cm X 60cm X 15cm and a third smaller piece of 60cm X 40cm X15cm that would serve as a "wildcard" (to put your feet, or "stretch" some of the side parts).

As we did not want it too low, we decided to make it double (with two "layers" pallet at each seat). Therefore, the height of the seat would be 15cm = 30cm * 2 (not counting the height of the pillows: add a 12 cm +)

The final measures were as in the diagram below:

Step 2: Preparacao da madeira - 1 (Wood preparation - 1)

Picture of Preparacao da madeira - 1 (Wood preparation - 1)
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PORT.:
Depois de muito procurar, acabei encontrando um fornecedor local de pallets.

A medida padrão que ele trabalhava eram pallets de 110cm X 110cm X 15cm.

Comprei então 4 pallets, e pedi que ele cortasse todos eles em 110cm X 60cm.

Dessa forma eu teria o tamanho ideal dos assentos já pronto, e aproveitaria a madeira restante para fazer a parte menor do sofá, com 60cm X 40 cm

ENG.:
After much searching, I found a local supplier of pallets.

The standard measure that he worked were 110cm X 110cm pallets X 15cm.

I bought then 4 pallets, and asked him to cut them all in 110cm X 60cm.

That way I would have the ideal size of the seats ready, and take advantage of the remaining wood to make the small part of the couch, with 60cm X 40 cm

Step 3: Preparacao da madeira - 2 (Wood preparation - 2)

PORT.:
Como os pallets eram vendidos sem beneficiamento algum (sem lixar, só cortados), foi necessário aparar alguns cantos e quinas, pois como tenho um neném de 2 anos em casa eles ofereciam grande risco de corte e machucados.

Quem mora em apartamento sabe que não é fácil fazer qualquer tipo de trabalho com madeira, mas apesar da bagunça acho que me saí bem. ;-)

Para eliminar os cantos principais utilizei uma plaina (que me daria menos trabalho), regulando seu fio para um tamanho bem pequeno, cerca de 2 - 3 mm (e ideia era fazer devagar, uma vez que a madeira utilizada - eucalipto - não é boa de ser trabalhada).

Mais tarde pretendo lixar os pallets para dar um acabamento mais profissional e fazer com que as almofadas não sofram danos pelo atrito de pedaços pontiagudos da madeira.

ENG.:
As the pallets were sold without any processing (without sanding, cut only), it was necessary to trim some nooks and corners, because as I have a baby of 2 years at home they offered great risk of cut and bruised.

Who lives in an apartment knows that is not easy to do any kind of wood work within, but despite the mess I think I did well. ;-)

To eliminate the main corners i used a planer (which would give me less work), adjusting his blade to a very small size, about 2 - 3 mm (the idea was slowly do the work, since the wood used - eucalyptus - its not good to be worked).

Later I intend to sand the pallets to give a more professional finish and cause the pads to no harm by the friction of sharp pieces of wood.

Step 4: Preparacao da madeira - 3 (Wood preparation - 3)

Picture of Preparacao da madeira - 3 (Wood preparation - 3)
DSC03432.JPG

PORT.:
Para fazer o pedaço menor desmontei as sobras, serrei e repreguei elas no tamanho desejado (60cm X 40cm), aplainei e irei lixar quando puder.

Obs.: o tamanho escolhido foi estratégico, para que este pedaço pudesse ser extensão de qualquer um dos assentos e/ou pudesse ser utilizado como "puff" para os pés.

ENG.:
To make the smaller piece the leftovers was disassembled, renailed down to size (60cm X 40cm) and plained. It will be sand when i can.

Note: The size was chosen strategically, so that this piece could be an extension of any of seat parts, and / or could be used as a "puff" for feet.

Step 5: Preparacao das almofadas - Espuma e Manta (Pad preparation - Foam and blanket)

Picture of Preparacao das almofadas - Espuma e Manta (Pad preparation - Foam and blanket)
DSC03435.JPG

PORT.:
Para fazer as almofadas, primeiramente fomos a uma estofaria.

Passei a idéia das almofadas ao vendedor, que nos informou um preço absurdamente caro (500 reais só de espuma, sem contar o forro e o preço do serviço)

Optei por comprar a espuma e o forro, e fazer tudo em casa mesmo.

A espuma escolhida (por indicação do dono da loja) foi uma do tipo "soft", densidade D-33, de 12mm de espessura.

Também foi necessário comprar alguns metros de manta para revestir a espuma dos assentos antes de colocar o forro (ela tem a função de não deixar com que o forro "grude" na espuma, criando uma camada para que o forro deslize novamente para o seu lugar de origem quando a pessoa levanta, não deixando com que o forro fique enrugado - essa foi outra dica do dono da loja).

Como já temos outras coisas na casa com motivos japoneses, escolhemos para o forro um tecido chamado "lonita" com um motivo também japonês na cor preta.

ENG.:
To make the pads, first i went to an upholsterer (i think that is the name, please correct if i am wrong...) .

I passed the idea of pillows to the seller, who told me a price absurdly expensive (about $200 foam only, not counting the lining and the service price)

I decided to purchase the foam and the lining, and did everything at home.

The foam chosen (indicated by the store owner) was a kind of "soft" density D-33, 12mm thick.

It was also necessary to buy a few meters of cloth to coat the foam seat before putting the liner (it has the function of not letting the lining "stick" in the foam, creating a layer to the liner slide back into source place when the person raises, leaving the lining wrinkling - that was another hint of the store owner).

As I have other things in the house with Japanese motifs, we choose a fabric for the lining called "lonita" with a Japanese motif also in black.

Step 6: Preparacao das almofadas - Colagem da manta (Pad preparation - blanket collage)

Picture of Preparacao das almofadas - Colagem da manta (Pad preparation - blanket collage)
DSC03438.JPG
DSC03437.JPG
DSC03456.JPG

PORT.:
No revestimento das espumas com a manta, cortei a manta com certa folga para que pudesse colar as pontas na lateral da espuma.

A colagem foi feita com cola escolar branca (a velha e boa "Tenaz"), e para fixar a manta na espuma enquanto a cola secava foram utilizados alfinetes.

A cola demora pra secar: foi necessário deixar secando de um dia pro outro, creio que cerca de umas 15 horas, mas é bom esperar secar bem para poder manipular a espuma.

ENG.:
In coating the foam with the blanket, i cut off the blanket leaving some room so i could glue the tips on the side of the foam.

The collage was made with white school glue (the good old "Tenaz"), and to secure the blanket in the foam while the glue dried pins were used.

The glue takes time to dry: it was necessary to leave it drying from one day to another, I think about some 15 hours, but it is good to wait for dry well before handle the foam.

Step 7: Preparacao das almofadas - Costura do forro (Pad preparation - stitching the liner )

Picture of Preparacao das almofadas - Costura do forro (Pad preparation - stitching the liner )
DSC03449.JPG
DSC03448.JPG
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PORT.:
Cortei o tecido do forro em pedaços um pouco maiores (cerca de 2,5cm) do que as espumas, para que houvesse uma borda que permitisse a costura.

Portanto, para cada pedaço de espuma foram 6 pedaços de forro cortados:

- Pedaços maiores (2 almofadas): 4 de 115cm X 65cm, 4 de 115cm X 15cm e 4 de 65cm X 15cm.

- Pedaço menor (1 almofada): 2 de 65cm X 45cm, 2 de 65cm X 15cm e 2 de 45cm X 15cm.

Cortadas as peças, a costura foi feita pelo lado avesso.

Num dos lados maiores de cada almofada foi costurado um zíper (a escolha pela colocação do zipper do lado maior foi indicação do dono da loja que compramos a espuma)

O fio usado foi do tipo "pes ponto", por ser um pouco mais resistente que o fio de costura comum. Este é o mesmo fio utilizado na costura de laterais de calça Jeans.

ENG.:
I cut the fabric into pieces of the liner slightly larger (about 2.5 cm) than the foam so that there was one edge to allow the sewing.

Therefore, for each piece of foam were cut 6 pieces of lining:

- Larger pieces (2 pads): 65cm X 115cm 4 of 4, 115cm X 15cm and 65cm X 15cm 4.

- Smaller piece (1 pad): 65cm X 45cm 2 of 2, 65cm X 15cm and 45cm X 15cm 2.

Pieces cut, the seam was made on the reverse side.

In one of the long sides of each pad a zipper was sewn (the choice for placing the zipper on the larger side was an indication of the store owner who we bought the foam)

The wire used was of type "backstitch" by being a little more resistant than ordinary sewing thread. This is the same thread used in seam Jeans pants sides.

Step 8: Sofa de Pallets finalizado - Disposicao do puff (Pallet Sofa done - footrest arrangements)

PORT.:
Conforme mencionado no início deste projeto, o tamanho do puff levava em conta o melhor aproveitamento do espaço disponível no canto que escolhemos para o sofá.

Basicamente, há 3 disposições para o Puff: Como extensor da parte menor do assento, como extensor da parte maior do assento, e como descanso para os pés.

ENG.:
As mentioned at the beginning of this project, the size of the footrest took into account the best use of available space in the corner that we chose for the sofa.

Basically, there are 3 footrest arrangements: as an extender of small part of the seat, as an extender bigger part of the seat, and as a footrest itself.

Step 9: O que ainda falta... (What remains... )

PORT.:
Para me dar por satisfeito lixar as madeiras será o próximo passo, que só não fiz ainda por falta de tempo.

Uma outra coisa que notei: devido ao peso das madeiras, talvez coloque rodinhas com travas em todo o sofá, para poder movimentar as partes com mais facilidade.

ENG.:
To let me satisfied, sanding the wood will be the next step, which i still did not only by lack of time.

Another thing i noticed: due to the total weight of the wood, perhaps I will put casters with locks under the couch, so we can move the parts more easily.

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GregoryG24 months ago

qual o custo final do seu sofá?

ludysouza5 months ago

Vocês lembram quanto pagaram nas espumas?

Fe Hessel6 months ago

Ótimo post e também adorei ler as instruções em português!
Quanto tempo você gastou para fazer o projeto todo

Thank you..
or : Obrigado

I got this off of google translator.. Hope it means Thank you in Portuguesse like Google said.

Hugs
manfredpw (author)  Silver_Kate1 year ago

Yeap, it means Thank You.
Hugs.

wertey982 years ago
you asked for spelling corrections and i found a few needed in the notice.Portuguese,in the parentheses it should be which,promise not promess, speeak has one e so its speak, and cenario is scenario.and the design is pretty sweet but the fabric is awsome
Keznaa2 years ago
Where do you get pallets from
manfredpw (author)  Keznaa2 years ago
Hi Keznaa,

I bought them from a local reseller that recycle used pallets from industries around my city.

Hugs.
asairutsa2 years ago
Ola! Not bad for your first 'Instructables' project. I like how clear and detailed the photos are. It helps a lot to understand how you did your project. Suggestion for your other projects to come... Try to photograph all angle or sides of your project if possible. For someone who learns by looking at pictures like me, it's very helpful. Gracias.
manfredpw (author)  asairutsa2 years ago
Hi asairusta, sorry for not reply before. I have been busy these days.

Happy your like the project, and tks for your observations about angle of photos. I'm not a good photographer, but will try to make better pictures.

See ya.
blkhawk2 years ago
I enjoyed your project very much and it is now one of my favorites. It is a good idea to translate your projects to English. English is considered a lingua franca or a diplomatic language. Writing your projects in English will allow for more people to benefit from your work. I noticed that you emphasized twice that you speak Portuguese and not Spanish. Many people know that Portuguese is spoken in Brazil, so the mention of this fact is not necessary. Many contributors of Instructable speak languages other than English, and they resort to online translators whenever they publish a project. Although I am a native Spanish speaker, I also speak English. I do not need a translator when I publish my projects but, for those that do not speak English fluently there is the option of internet translators. I hope that this will be the first of many more projects to come!
manfredpw (author)  blkhawk2 years ago
Hi buddy, take a look at this: http://www.youtube.com/watch?gl=US&v=PePEPZy-1lc

Its part of how world see us. Maybe our fault, i don't know.

Hugs.
It is not the fault of the Brazilian people. In United States many people are either ignorant or hold misconceptions of the people in other countries. Two institutions deserve the blame for this: the American education system and the media. Students in the US perform much poorly compared to students in other countries and we are constantly bombarded in the news with the ugly side of other countries. Only once I saw on TV a program about Brazil and it was a travel show on a public television station that almost nobody watches. This is something that makes anyone feel indignation but the only thing to do is to educate some people whenever the opportunity presents.
manfredpw (author)  blkhawk2 years ago
I agree.
manfredpw (author)  blkhawk2 years ago
Tks buddy, my intention with the "notice" was a "just in case".
But sure i understand the English language importance these days, and as i said i will try to translate it to English when i can.
In the truth, as this is my first instructable i saw lots of details are missing (such as some meassures, a princing list of the used materials...), and i will let to translate after some corrections/complements.
Again, tks a lot for your appretiation of my work, it means a lot to me.
Hugs.
bperán2 years ago
It's a good and cheap proyect. I think people should recycle more, it's cheap and funny by this way.

P.S.: Really people think that in south america everyone speaks in latin? When tourists (lots of them) come to Spain, they think we dress like bullfighter. Sorry if my english isn't good at all.
manfredpw (author)  bperán2 years ago
About your PS, i found something: http://www.youtube.com/watch?gl=US&v=PePEPZy-1lc
manfredpw (author)  bperán2 years ago
Yeap.
I really forgot tu put the costs of this project (promise will put later, ok?), but it was around R$250, (i think its is about $100).

Even with this moster named "internet", some people already think we live in a julgle, surrounded by lots of monkeys and birds jumping over our heads, our capital is Montevideo or Buenos Aires, and Pele is our president, hehe.

If this was true, we brazilians 'd think spanish people are all nice breast woman and bullfighters (and not the amazing people you are), north-american people are all white-fat-ugly (and not the best wood and metal workers i ever see) and russians are all drunks (and does not have such a beautifull culture they have)...
I know people from many countries, and love to study its culture and habits.

Hugs
lburch12 years ago
Good job! You Should promote it as a Green project
manfredpw (author)  lburch12 years ago
Hi iburch1,

I don't know if i understand what you mean.

Is that a instructables feature or sometheng like a contest? Or you tihink i should made the project text, emphasizing this project has a "Green" focus?

Hugs.
Claudia2 years ago
MUITO BOM SEU PROJETO, e é ótimo encontrar as instruções na nossa lingua!
Abçs
manfredpw (author)  Claudia2 years ago
Oi Claudia.

Que bom que gostou.

Abraços.
sofá muito legal
manfredpw (author)  the doctor who2 years ago
Vlw.
Ficou muito confortável tb e estamos usando bastante.
Abraços.
Você tem outras idéias para móveis de paletes?
manfredpw (author)  the doctor who2 years ago
Yes, of course.

I'm usually inspired by Google Images (http://migre.me/bSKVN) as a reference, and will try to do some other pallet projects later (like some shelves...).

By now i need to put here in instructables some other projects i made, its just a matter of time.

Hugs
thank you
Tudo para que tipo de máquina de costura que você usa? porque eu nunca pode encontrar em que trabalha certo, eu seria mão costura-lo.
manfredpw (author)  the doctor who2 years ago
Hi doctor who,

Weel, we used a SINGER sewing machine, model Prêt-à-Porter: http://migre.me/bSKJr

It is a non-professional machine, but did the job quite well (moreover, it was a home-made projetc, no "need" of pro tools).

Hugs.
All of my sewing machines all was brakes needs or thred
Edgar2 years ago
Boa! Foi para o meu Blog de engenhocas:
http://faz-voce-mesmo.blogspot.pt/2012/11/instructables-sofa-de-paletes-stereo.html
manfredpw (author)  Edgar2 years ago
Olá Edgar,

Fico feliz que tenha gostado do projeto, e como ele tem seus devidos direitos autorais protegidos pela licença CC (Creative Commons), citando a fonte e autor (como você já fez) pra mim é suficiente ;-)

Sobre o Kilz, não achei interessante tratar o pallet por 2 motivos:
- Me parece que esse produto químico é muito forte, com componentes que também podem causar câncer, etc. Prefiro não arriscar.
- Os pallets que usei são aqueles mais baratos, e creio no Brasil estes pallets, quando para uso no mercado interno, não sofrem o tratamento químico como os para exportação (ref.: http://www.paleteiro.com.br/content/view/61/79/)

Abraços, e que bom que gostou.
Edgar manfredpw2 years ago
O que eu faço, é pôr a gente interessada a ver os links, e aproveitartem o que quizerem. Também é uma boa ideia para ter tudo no mesmo sítio, para quando eu mesmo preciso... LOL

Nas palletes, uma camada de verniz chega e sobra, mas esse Killz pode servir para quando se recuperam tMáquinas e Bancadas de trabalho e coisas do género, que sabe-se lá onde estiveram...

Um abraço,
Edgar
HandySun2 years ago
Where do you get pallets from? Stores return them to the company they got them from, and they get repaired and redistributed
manfredpw (author)  HandySun2 years ago
Hi HandySun,

I found this pallets on a local reseller: it buy broken or old pallets from industries around the city, restore them and sell again, at a lower price.

Hugs.
antioch2 years ago
Very good but...: Pallets inside house = unhealthy :(
manfredpw (author)  antioch2 years ago
Yes, i agree.
It was a concern when we planned this project, but as this room is sunny and well ventilated, and i will sand and varnish (is that the pronounce), i think the risk of mold (i think is that the word, right?) will be lower.
Hugs.
Oh, no, personally I wouldn't be concerned about mold and such.
The health risk i am referring to is methyl bromide, a toxin applied to most pallets.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallet
Skip to "Phytosanitary Compliance"

http://toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/Methyl+Bromide
More blabla

Unsurprisingly, MB pallets are still widely in use.
In eastern europe, south asia and probably many other countries there's big business refitting discarded {MB} pallets with {HT} stamps.

I think your sofa is too pretty to throw away. Maybe you can get a weather-proof outdoor fabric and use it as garden sofa?
G_K antioch2 years ago
Couldn't you spray Killz on it, then apply whatever varnish, etc.. Killz is supposed to lock in anything creating a barrier. We use it all the time on items that are questionable and never had any issues afterwards.
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