Introduction: Solar Air Heating Collector for Our Stone Build Garden House

Picture of Solar Air Heating Collector for Our Stone Build Garden House

Hi,We use the place under the terrace as Stone Build Garden House.

There is no heating. In summertime the place is Ok, but in all the other seasons, there is too much moisture and because of the low temp there is mold everywere on the gardening tools

So I build this heatersolution, and it works now for 5 years.

When the outside temp is 8.7 degrees Celsius, the heated air from the panel is 22.5 degrees Celsius. At 11 degrees Celsius, nearly 29.6 degrees Celsius.

The panel is exactly turned to the south, and that's the best place.

Step 1: Woodworking

Picture of Woodworking

I used a wooden plate and U-profiles for metal stand walls.

A wood strip screwed around the wood plate to create the frame. Then the U-profiles are clipped around.

Step 2: Isolation

Picture of Isolation

For the isolation, I use material, you normally put behind radiators. All fixed in the frame. The little wood pieces create a distance behind the back and the metal sheets.A few holes to suck fresh air cowered with fly screen

Step 3: Metalsheet

Picture of Metalsheet

The metal plate is 0.5mm thick aluminium, painted in black and fixedon the little wood pieces.

Step 4: Ventilation

Picture of Ventilation

A big ventilator is fixed inside the frame. On the outside an adapter to fix the tube. A KTY10 sensor is placed in the air stream

Step 5: Plexiglas

Picture of Plexiglas

I had this 6mm Plexiglas sheet laying around. It's not optimal, but I had this one. I think a complete transparent sheet would work better. For a nice finished, I screwed plastic strip on it.

In the middle of the panel I added an aluminum bar, so that the Plexiglas is more stable

Step 6: Difference Temperature Switch

Picture of Difference Temperature Switch

The temperature difference circuit, I found on the internet. It works with 2 KTY10 Temp. sensors. When the temp. inside is lower than the temp on the outside, it switches the ventilator on and blows the hotter air inside.

If I'll find the schematics in my mess, I'll post them here.

Step 7: Installation

Picture of Installation

I had already two 125mm holes in the wall. One on the frontside which is exactly the south side and one on the backside. An aluminum tube connected to the solar heater goes to the inside.

I mounted the construction on the wall with 2 metal angles,


dcp123 (author)2016-04-26

Do you have any information about the temperaturedifference switch you used like the maker, part number, where ordered it ANd/or the price?

awall99 (author)dcp1232016-04-26

Hi I used this one as base

here the pdf with the schematic, but it's in german


bodger-bill (author)awall992016-04-28

Hi there Conrad, just thought if you ever build another, you might like to consider one of these

I received one of these by mistake, I'd actually ordered a speed controller, but it looked interesting, so I kept it and ordered another speed unit

A very good explanation on how it works, Thanks

dcp123 (author)awall992016-04-27

Thanks so much. For another project (keeping a garage cool) I'm trying to decide between something like this, something with a display like they sell at, or something based on a Raspberry Pi.

bmaverick (author)2016-04-27

For effort A+. For overall system with controller A+. For the solar heating panel B+.
There are now lower cost methods and less parts to fabricate the panel to achieve even better results. A solar screen absorber found here may help your next build and other people too.

However, as a total system, you have a great setup! This I like very much. Thank you for sharing!

Parvat (author)2016-04-26

Hi, guys. Thanks for this project. So as to understand the process (and forgot my poor english, please), the layers are: wood, isolation, "air" and finally glass, aren´t them? And for take the heat air into the house, you have to put the ventilator.. .where? doing a hole in the piece of wood and the isolation layer, until the air chamber?. But, does the whole system is hermetic? If the ventilator pulls heat air from the chamber, where it comes from? Outside? Thanks for your advices.

ColR (author)2016-04-26

Very very cool - I am considering this option for house heating. We live in a sub tropical climate. But still winters can sometimes be cool enough to require heating.

YvoW (author)2016-04-26

Plexiglas (PMMA) can absorb up to 100% of Infrared light spectrum. This is a lot of energy wasted.
i would go for real glass if you want to further improve your collector.

CsabaS7 (author)YvoW2016-04-26

On the pictures we can see multiwall polycarbonate sheet, not plexiglass. And the transparent polycarbonate not absorb infrared light (on the contrary). However cheaper than glass.

YvoW (author)CsabaS72016-04-26

okay, nevermind. i thought i read about Plexiglas in the text somewhere...
policarbonate is fine.. not as good as glass though. :)

EmeryR (author)2016-04-26

What about Lexan? Is it better than PlexiGlass as far as infrared absorbtion?

jimvandamme (author)EmeryR2016-04-26

I've had polycarbonate double walled glazing on my collectors for 25 years, and they're still working.

About This Instructable




Bio: Build useless things since 1980
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