Introduction: Solar Powered Nocturnal Personal Fan

Picture of Solar Powered Nocturnal Personal Fan

A small fan, driven by a hobby motor. Powered by 2x AA rechargeable batteries. The batteries are hooked up to a solar panel, which recharges them during the day.
The circuit is switched by a CdS cell (light switch) which means the fan switches on when it is dark enough, at night, hopefully.
Only after I'd built the (incredibly ugly - sorry, no photos available) prototype did I realise I could've bought a pesonal fan for $5 and hacked it instead.
Here's the schematic. Feel free to use it or improve upon it to your own satisfaction.

Step 1: Parts, Clarification, That Is.

The transistor is an ordinary NPN 100mA 45V.
The CdS I hacked from a solar garden light.
The solar panel came from the same place.
It's output is (rough estimate) 4.5V, 60mA.
I used an old hobby motor with a range of 2-6 volts. No special reason, it was handy. And the propellor came from a model plane.
That leaves the diode, 1N4004, and the two resistors, 1k and 10k.

Step 2: Other Uses

This isn't really a step, more a note about other things I've done with this - putting a white LED driver circuit in place of the motor.
A variation of the idea of the solar garden light I got the parts from originally.


Losenger (author)2009-04-28

What's the purpose of the 1K resistor? It will work just fine without it. Change the 10K fixed resistor to a potentiometer to be able to adjust the point at which the transistor turns on. Swap the positions of the 10K and photo-resistor to create a "light on" switch. Also, the diode doesn't have to be a 1N4004. Any 1N400x series diode will suffice.

bclamore (author)Losenger2014-12-02

You need to be careful with the potentiometer: if the user sets the resistance to 0 , then there will be a short through the base-emitter junction, which will probably destroy the transistor. So you can adjust the turn-on point with a pot, but you should include a fixed resistor also, e.g., the 1K as shown.

n0ukf (author)Losenger2009-05-10

Or if you give it a thermistor, you can have a temperature controlled fan.

gaby1st (author)2011-07-27

Hi there,
I have a question here what is the meaning of LDR.Thanks u.

account3r2 (author)2011-04-09

Could you swap the light sensor with a switch?

TheYetti (author)2009-05-12

I don't really understand are these just the Blueprints for the fan..?

Yerboogieman (author)2008-08-24

whats the input into the fan; voltage?

n0ukf (author)Yerboogieman2009-05-10

To the motor? Two NiCd cells @ 1.2V each, 2.4V.

revhead (author)2009-01-24

I used a similar circuit in my rechargeable battery powered laser for an alarm system.

you can check my Instructable out to see how you can even further enhance this circuit at:

awkrin (author)2008-04-12

I guess no one will do this thing on a pcb, but just in case, here's a pic generated from croc tech 3d I edited it a little to make it more clear...

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More by Wonko the sane:Wind-up torch    hand cranked, dynamo, LED  -Amended-Solar powered nocturnal personal fan
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