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This instructable is based on a jewelry workshop I followed 1,5 years ago. My mother came across an advertisement for a youth jewelry workshop. She asked me if I wanted to follow it, so of course I said yes.

It will show you the steps I took to make the pieces and provide you with some tips to make your own soldered jewelry. Because it was a workshop, I had quite a lot more materials and machines I could use than usual, I used alpaca wire for example, but I've also provided alternatives where possible.

This workshop taught me a lot of new techniques and approaches, and it was a great afternoon, so a big 'thank you' to Kiona van Herwijnen, who gave the workshop and provided me with the pictures for this instructable.

You might be wondering why I'm posting something that I did 1,5 years ago now: I lost the pictures. I knew I had an email with them somewhere, but I just couldn't find it anymore. Until a few weeks ago :) I felt like I still had to make this instructable, because I also posted a forum topic about this workshop and got quite some positive responses and people were interested in seeing an instructable about it. So, here it is!

I really hope you like it!

Warning:
When working with tools like a polishing machine and liquids like vitriol, you should always be careful. Being careful can prevent a lot of risk and harm. The use of safety goggles is recommendable, as well as even a mask in some situations. (I know I am not wearing one in the pictures) But, to avoid the risk of getting hurt, it is still recommendable.

Step 1: Designing

Before bending the parts, it's helpful to know what parts you actually want and how you can bend them.

The first thing I did was try bending some regular shapes with basic wire. There was a whole sheet of shapes to practice, pictured in the bottom right corner, but the idea behind bending regular wire first is getting the feeling of the bending. Also, after bending a few shapes, it's easier to decide what shapes you want to use in your design.

After bending basic shapes, I started designing. It's easiest to use multiple basic shapes in your design, keep in mind that you should still be able to bend it. Don't try to get the perfect design in one time, just make small sketches and end with the one you want to use. Try to keep in mind that it should still be possible to join the pieces, so make sure they are touching each other in the design.

Also try to think of the final look, with a pendant for example, how you want your piece to hang. If you want to make a loop, it's easiest to include it in the design as well. I decided to go for two loops, one on both ends.

Once the design was made, it was time to start with the alpaca wire. If you don't feel comfortable about using more expensive wire, you could use any wire you want of course, but this was the wire provided in the workshop.
Use the pliers needed to shape the wire the way you want to. If you are going for a symmetrical part, cut both pieces at once, to make sure they have the right length. By using the same parts of the pliers, for example the bottom part of round nose pliers, it becomes a lot easier to make them look the same.

By laying the piece of jewelry out the way you want it to be, you can also make sure the different parts fit to each others size. For example, I placed a heart between the two irregular swirls, which had to have the exact right size. When you have the other parts already laying there, you can correct the remaining shape and try if it fits.

If something isn't going the way you designed it, it could be a good idea to just improvise. You shouldn't cling on too much to that design. I learned this when making the butterfly ring. What can I say about it? I wanted to make a flower ring.

Step 2: Soldering the Parts Together

When all the parts have been bent, it's time to solder them together.

For the soldering, I used silver solder and a burner. After the soldering I used vitriol.

There are three types of the solder: Hard, middle and soft. Hard solder has the highest melting point: around 740 degrees Celsius. Middle solder has a melting point of around 680 degrees and soft solder has a melting point of around 650 degrees.

These different types of solder are useful when you need to solder multiple parts on one place. I used this to make the ring: I started by making the butterfly shape. I soldered the two halves together using hard solder and when soldering the butterfly to the ring, I used soft solder. Because the soft solder has a lower melting point, the connection made with the hard solder won't be broken when heating this part again.

When a part only needs to be soldered once, middle or hard solder is recommendable for a strong connection.

To solder the parts together: Carefully place a piece of solder on the connection you want to make. Since the pieces are quite small, it's easiest to use tweezers. Take the burner and heat the part you want to solder. When it's hot enough, the solder will melt. When it does, you can stop heating it. What might cause a bit of trouble here, is the flame from the burner actually blowing away the solder. If this happens, try heating it with a different angle.

Once you have soldered all your connections, place the piece of jewelry in a small bowl (large enough for the piece of jewelry of course) of vitriol (10 % sulfuric acid, 90 % water). This will dissolve the remains of the soldering.

Make sure not to get any iron in your vitriol - if your jewelry piece is in there, it will change the colour of your piece. When you leave something made of iron in vitriol for a while, it will dissolve.

Step 3: Polishing

To polish the soldered piece of jewelry, I used a polishing machine. Of course, there are other ways to polish your piece of jewelry, like by hand.

When you have put the machine on, you can start polishing. Try not to want to finish the complete thing at once, just focus on one piece at the time. Carefully bring your piece to the middle of the polishing piece and move it against the direction the machine is turning. I've also drawn a quick explanation of this, see the picture above.

Repeat this motion for every part of your piece of jewelry.

Step 4: Cleaning Up

After the polishing,you will see (and feel) that the piece of jewelry is quite greasy. To clean this, I used a bowl of white spirit (mineral spirit) and a cotton swab. When all the filth is removed, you can dry your piece and it's finished!

Step 5: The Pieces I Made

I ended up making two pieces of jewelry, a ring and a necklace. These are the pictures taken directly after they were made, the intro picture is from now, 1,5 years later. As you can see, the ring is a lot shinier, but I actually love both looks, shining and not, so I just leave it the way it is :)

I hope you liked this instructable, if you did I would love to know!

<p>Nice work. </p><p>Was it intentional to make the collar jewelry asymmetrical with an upside down heart? </p><p>I looked up &quot;vitriol&quot; in Google. I suspect the it is not the first definition ;-)</p><p><em><strong>vitriol</strong><br></em></p><p><em>ˈvitrēəl,-ˌ&ocirc;l/</em></p><p><em>noun</em></p><ol><li><div><em><strong>1</strong>.</em><div><div><em>cruel and bitter criticism.</em><p><em>&quot;her mother's sudden gush of fury and vitriol&quot;</em></p></div></div></div> <br><li><em><strong>2</strong>.</em><div><em>archaic literary</em><p><em>sulfuric acid.</em></p></div></ol>
<p>Thank you! Yes, that was intentional :D </p><p>Thanks for clearing that up! </p>
<p>You did a beautiful job!! I love them both.</p>
<p>Thank you!</p>
<p>I do thank the young author and jewelry designer, Emily, for bothering to post this instructable. I've watched lots of electronic soldering in my years, but soldering jewelry is new to me, and a most desirable step in the right designing direction.</p>
<p>Thank <em><strong>you</strong>! </em></p>
<p>I do thank the young author and jewelry designer, Emily, for bothering to post this instructable. I've watched lots of electronic soldering in my years, but soldering jewelry is new to me, and a most desirable step in the right designing direction.</p>
Beautiful work! I would be wearing these proudly, if I was the artist that created these gorgeous pieces!! I'm very happy that I discovered your work. Keep them coming. <br>LeeAnn
<p>Thank you so much for your kind words :)</p>
<p>Nice Instructable, thank you.</p><p>Isn't the vitriol used to disolve the flux not the silver solder?</p>
<p>You're welcome!</p><p>I asked the woman who gave the workshop specifically, it's used to clean up the filth and other remains left after the soldering. </p>
That is the flux!<br><br>Thanks again great instructable<br>.
<p>it's also oxidation left by an oxy fed flame. It's annoying and drives so many to a mouth pressure denatured alcohol torch like the old schoolers (me). I use water torch too but butane only for tipping because the temp has to rise without scaling quickly. I thought her end product was really good considering she didn't use any flux (she confirmed that) but rather worked the metal into a fast joint through blending the metals. I was impressed at this result at her age.</p>
<p>You don't use flux? Also, for pickling, which is what you use the vitriol for, a safer alternative is salt and vinegar. Keep it in a small slow cooker as it works better warm.</p>
<p>when using certain metals, flux isn't necessary. Also, in most cases flux is just such an obvious step that it doesn't need stating. But in this case it looks to be the former.</p>
<p>Which certain metals are these? Alpaca (nickel silver) is not one of them. Also, fluxing may be an obvious step to you with a long and extensive (I assume) soldering experience but there is a reason why this is called &quot;Instructables&quot;.</p>
<p>dental gold (18k hard), pure silver, non-oxidizing silver mixes, etc. as long as your metal is less likely to oxidize at the surface of the join you can rely more on either hard solder or no solder joins with beautiful results. I generally apply an inert gas to my join as I weld when using materials with mild oxidizing properties such as sterling. </p><p>Primarily here I think it's most important to encourage rather than be critical of young artists. Given the proper encouragement and praise she could be the next great artist of her time. Even in this instruction format I think there is some leniency to be shown to beginning or new or experimental artists. Where would we be if the great Impressionism artists had listened to the barrage of criticism from the 'masters'...more to the point, how many young artists goals, hopes and dreams were crushed because of the criticism of those they sought to impress. Let's support this artist in every way unless something outright dangerous is posted...which is unlikely. I for one look forward to her next instructable!</p>
<p>I am not sure I understand everything you write. What is a &quot;non-oxidizing silver mix&quot;? Personally I know of no-one who solders any silver alloy without fluxing. Furthermore, most do not use pure silver: there is a reason why sterling silver was developed. But hey, if you get good results without flux, more power to you.</p><p>I am not sure why you construe my simple enquiry as criticism. I suspect a hidden agenda here. However, since you brought it up, there is a difference between support and sycophancy. As many others have already pointed out this young artist has much to learn. I would consider lack of proper protection as &quot;outright dangerous&quot; for a start. I think one would be doing her a disservice not pointing that out.</p>
<p>well, no one in my jewelry making peer group uses sterling, but almost exclusively pure silver or a silver with a bit of platinum or gold...non-oxidizing. She stated that safety precautions should have been taken but weren't encouraged that time...now she knows. As for an &quot;agenda&quot; or being a &quot;sycophant&quot;? You'd have to spell that accusation out much clearer as I neither know her nor have any knowledge of nor affiliation with her. My sole purpose is to encourage. I think most professional jewelers think this is a good idea. She didn't use flux...this means she is really good at soldering. If you look at the joints they are not flaking or pitted. It's a cool project that I might encourage my granddaughter to try. I give her four out of five smiley faces here...lacking only the one because of the safety issues. That is both correctable and forgivable. I hope she continues to go foreward boldly desite the critical comments left here.</p>
<p>Thanks for your contribution to Instructables. I look for many more to come.</p>
<p>Thank you so much!!</p>
<p>thank you for sharing. Your presentation was accurate and well prepared. As a jewelry maker myself, I know that the creative process and the soldering are the two most difficult things to master. You have done both well. Keep at it and you will make a good name for yourself!</p>
<p>Thank you so much for your kind comment :D ! </p>
<p>This is a great introduction to soldering jewelry.</p><p>I hope you don't mind me pointing it out, you used a few english terms that are a little dated and might be unfamiliar to many readers. Don't get me wrong, your English is much better than my Dutch, but if you don't mind I can give some more common names for them.</p><p>Vitriol is an old term for Sulfuric Acid. You can buy it at an automotive supply as it is used to maintain motorcycle batteries. Some drain cleaners found in hardware stores are sulfuric acid but they often have other things in them as well. If you buy full strength acid, you should dilute it 10:1 with water. Even diluted, it can blind you and burn you.</p><p>An alternative to sulfuric acid is Sodium Bisulfate. You can get it in powder form wherever they sell pool chemicals. It will be called &quot;PH Minus&quot; and it is used to adjust the PH level of your swimming pool. It's very cheap and much safer to work with.</p><p>In either case, take care not to dip steel or iron tools into the solution, it will ruin the solution and probably the tool as well.</p><p>White Spirit is another name for 'Mineral Spirit'. Mineral spirits work well cleaning up buffing compound, denatured alcohol works nearly as well and doesn't smell so bad. If possible, an ultrasonic jewelry cleaner with a few sprinkles of powdered laundry soap works the best.</p>
<p>Thank you! </p><p>I'll put those terms behind the ones I used, in brackets :) </p>
<p>Isn't alpaca an animal?</p>
<p>Alpaca is animal Alpacca silver is a white metal made with copper, nickel, sometimes zinc and or tin. Its also known as German Silver - which refers to the colour, there is NO actual silver in the alloy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel_silver</p>
<p>That was my first thought as well when I heard it :) But, it's a really nice kind of wire to work with actually :D </p>
<p>You've motivated me to invest more into my workshop:)<br>Thanks!</p>
<p>I'm glad I did, you are very welcome! </p>
<p>Yes, lovely piece Emily. It cannot be emphasised enough the need to wear safety glasses when soldering, pickling and when buffing which also requires a mask! I've seen a piece of 20 gauge metal caught by the wheel with enough force to bend it and send flying across the room. </p><p>An instructable is a means of teaching so its doubly important the instructor set a good example to ensure safe working practices. We only have one chance with our eyes and lungs - you ought to be wearing an N95 mask [NIOSH approved] for particulates when buffing your work.</p>
<p>Thank you! In response to your comment, I have added a safety warning in the intro. I wouldn't want anyone to get hurt :) </p>
<p>What is vitriol? I thought that was a generic term meaning acid. Is it a particular kind of acid?</p>
<p>Hi!, Yes, according to the definition alcurb found (see comment above), it's sulfuric acid. </p>
<p>What is vitriol? Searching, I didn't get any specifics when it came to jewelry. All I get is basic definition of caustic. </p>
<p>Hi, please see the comment alcurb posted about this :) </p>
<p>Protect them eyes girl.</p>
<p>Very neat Emily, this looks great! A very informative Instructable, well done and thank you for sharing. I too agree with Taran :-).</p><p>You probably guessed I voted!! :D</p>
<p>Thank you so much Hunter :) </p>
Nice job, as always.<br><br>I can't show this to Kitewife, because whenever I show her one of your projects, she wants to know why I haven't made it for her...
<p>Thank you very much :D </p><p>Maybe you should make something then ;)</p>
<p>Wow, what a great job Emily!! I bet that trying these new techniques was so much fun! :D</p>
<p>Thank you Linda! It sure was :)</p>
<p>We're not playing in the same class anymore - was it really necessary to humiliate us that much? ;)</p><p>Crazy job, well done! Again... ;)</p>
<p>Thank you so much :D </p>
<p>Wow! the next level! love the butterfly ring... great work Emily :)</p>
<p>Thank you very much Muhna! </p>
<p>You're welcome! (ohww, you called me 'muhna', my close one's call me by that name ^-^ )</p>
<p>Yes, you ended a PM once with muhna, so I thought why not :) </p>
<p>Those are both wonderful! Amazing job! I have been wanting to solder rhinestone jewelry for a long time time. My first attempt failed, but seeing this makes me want to take another crack at it!</p>

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Bio: Industrial Design student at Eindhoven University of Technology
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