Stereo Audio Amplifier With IC TEA2025

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Posted in TechnologySpeakers

Introduction: Stereo Audio Amplifier With IC TEA2025

About: Hi, I am Prithul. I am 16 years old. I am interested in electronics. I like to make small robots with Arduino. I am self taught in electronics. I learn everything from the internet.

Are you thinking about making a stereo amplifier? If you are,then it's the right place! This project is about making a 5 Watt stereo audio amplifier using the TEA2025 IC.

Special thanks to this site.

NOTE: MOST OF THE PICTURES DO NOT BELONG TO ME.

MAKE IT AT YOUR OWN RISK,

I WON'T BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY KIND OF INJURY.

Step 1: Things You'll Need

The things you'll need are :

1) TEA2025 IC.

2) 10k-20k Potentiometer (2x)

3) 0.22uf capacitors(2x)

4) 100uf capacitors (6x)

5) 0.15uf capacitors (2x)

6) 470uf capacitors (2x)

7) 3 - 4 Watt Speaker (2x)

Step 2: Theory

Theory
The UTC TEA2025 is a monolithic integrated audio amplifier IC in a 16-pin plastic dual in line package. It is originally designed for portable cassette players and radios, but it can be used to make a pretty decent stereo audio amplifier for an iPod or mp3 player. It requires very few external components and can run on as low as 3 V power supply. The pin diagram of TEA2025 and the application circuit for stereo application are shown up.The device provides the maximum gain of 45 dB. However, it can be lowered by placing an external RC series circuit between the feedback pin (6 and 11, see pin diagram) and ground. The datasheet recommends not to reduce the gain under 36 dB. In order to get the maximum gain, use R=0 and C=100 µF (as shown in the application circuit above) between the feedback and ground.

The low cut-off frequency (fL) of the output signal depends upon the load resistance (speaker, RL) and the output capacitor 470 µF. If the speaker resistance is 4?, the low cut-off frequency will be,
fL = 1/(2? CRL) = 80 Hz
An interesting characteristic of TEA2025 is it has built-in thermal protection circuit. If you want to run it at its full capacity (5 W), you should provide a heat sink in the circuit. In case you don’t, the internal thermal protection won’t let the device damage; all that happens is that the output power is reduced when an excessive junction temperature is sensed.
At the input stage, a logarithmic dual taper potentiometer (10 or 20 K) can be used to provide the volume control feature. The 0.22 µF capacitors at the input side help to minimize any noise due to variable resistor contact. The 0.15 µF capacitors at the output end are for frequency stability. Use of other value capacitors could result in unwanted oscillations at the output. Long wire connections and ground loops in the circuit could also cause oscillations, so a good layout of the circuit PCB is very important. You can use perfboard or stripboards too! But you need good experience of soldering to make a better circuit.

Step 3: Making the Amplifier

I built this circuit on a prefboard as shown in image. The circuit is put inside a 6 cm x 11 cm size plastic enclosure and necessary connections (power supply, speaker, and stereo input terminals) are drawn out of the box. The circuit can be powered from 3-12 V power supply.

Step 4: Ta Da!

I am powering this with my spare 9.6 V rechargeable battery from my broken RC toy. I am happy with the performance of TEA2025 as an stereo audio amplifier.

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    24 Comments

    Hey dude, could you show the underside of this board?

    1 reply

    P.S. I'm relatively new and inexperienced when it comes to applying a schematic to the real world. Hopefully that made some sense.

    Hi iqbal..

    How about the voltage of those capacitors? should they be under 12V ? thank you..

    1 reply

    The voltage of those capacitors should be higher than the supply voltage.

    Datasheet says 15 volts
    Thanks

    can i connect 4 - 4 ohm speaker to the amplifier?

    4 replies

    one more doubt please!! .could this amplifier drive a 4 ohm 100 watt speaker?

    Sure, but the sound will ne same as a small speaker

    thank you iqbal Samin

    :)

    How can I make it for a couple of 1 Watt 8 ohm speakers running on 3.3V power supply?

    1 reply

    I checked the datasheet of TEA2025 and found out that it can run from 3 volt to 15 volt. So, you don't need any modification. But the sound will NOT be loud on 3.3 volts I guess.

    can i use 0.22uf instead of using 0.15uf