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   I set out to build a small but permanent fire pit/patio area. The dimensions got revised as I went along though, and I wound up with a fairly large flagstone patio and sitting wall. I'd never taken on a masonry project, so I relied heavily on internet help videos, how-to's, and some old-fashioned trial and error.
Hoping tthis will give a little help to someone else looking to do a similar type project.  Mine is different from many of the ones I found online since it is a raised in-hill patio, most of the ones I saw were dug into a flat area.
    The main thing I learned is that flagstone is time intensive. If you're looking for quick and easy, use a wall block or a stack rock veneer. You might also choose a uniform patio pavers, as flagstone varies in size and thickness, making leveling a challenge.

   With that said, there are some issues I did not overcome, but I'm overall pleased with the results.

Tools:

shovel
wheel-barrow
pic
trowel
rake
circular saw (with masonry blade)
rock hammer
rock chisel
access to water hose
dust masks
level
sponges
buckets
rubber mallet
tamper

Materials list (approximate):

Quikrete  (40 bags of 60 lb)
Mortar (30 bags of 60 lb)
concrete blocks - Qty 60
cap block-  Qty- 24
1/2 ton of yellow sand
1/2 ton of #7/8 gravel
1/2 ton of 'thin flagstone'
3/4 ton of 'standard flagstone'
firepit 'kit'

Total Cost: $1500

Step 1: Dig Out the Hill

   I eyeballed and scraped out the basic outline of the shape I wanted. I then began scooping out dirt. (I used a wheel barrow to move some of the dirt across the yard to a low-lying spot). I piled most of the dirt behind the pit to be used for purposes of later back-filling the wall.

   I then dug out a 20' footing (16" wide and 16" deep). The area was leveled out in the footing and in the patio area.

Step 2: Dig and Pour the Footing

I did a lot of research to see what kind of base was necessary for a sitting wall. Most sources said a 16"; x 16"; footing with a gravel base (I used 10 bags of all-purpose gravel from HD). Level the rock base out. I then used 18 bags of 60# quikrete mixed by hand in my wheel barrow. I poured this over two rows of rebar set on bricks.

We (I had help on this step) simply mixed up the Quikrete fairly runny and poured it as evenly as possible throughout. Tried to leave it as level as possible. I let this completely set, though it might have been better to begin setting my first row of concrete block before it had completely hardened.

I may have overdone it by even having a concrete footing for a 3 ft wall, but it made building a plumb and level wall much easier than it would have been otherwise.

Step 3: Drystack

I laid the blocks out dry to be sure they would fit.. No problems, so a mortar was mixed to begin wet laying the blocks. 

Step 4: Mortar the Blocks

Note- I found out later that a concrete adhesive may have been the way to go here. Probably a lot cleaner/simpler than trying to use mortar.

I mixed up one 60# bag of mortar with just over a gallon of water (I used a spray hose and mixed in the wheel barrow as I went). The mix was something between peanut butter and oatmeal. Slapped it on with a trowel and focused on a smooth face and level blocks.

I then went back and poured quikrete down the cells of most of the blocks for extra strength (I drove 4ft rebar down these cells as well).

I also went back and added a back row of blocks behind the original for a thicker wall. A another footing was poured to host this back wall which would require less than half as many blocks.

Cap blocks were added and gaps were filled with more mortar.

Step 5: Mark Out the Full Patio

The patio changed in shape and size as the project proceeded. It started as a semi-circle that became a full circle and merged into an oval.

I first planned on holding the ground/pavers in place with a plastic border sold at HD. But it became apparent that on higher ground, such as my patio, this would not be effective.

So I decided to dig another footing in order to use blocks to contain the patio. I am pleased that I went this route despite the extra work and expense. Without it, the project may ha have wound up a failure washing away in the first big rain.

Step 6: Spread a Layer of Gravel and Sand

I got a half-ton of 7/10 gravel from a local supplier ($28) and spread it out over a level ground . I proceeded to tamp this down using an improvised tamper (patio umbrella base w/ broken shovel, that worked like a charm).  It wound up being about 4" worth.

I bought a half-ton of yellow sand from a local dealer ($28) and spread it out in anticipation of laying flagstone. Tamped this down as well to level w/ a slight slope away from the wall.  This wound up being about 2-3" thick.

Step 7: Locating the Veneer

I was so impressed with the look of this flagstone on someone else's project, I had to have it for my patio.  (I kind of wish I had used a simpler product to work with for an amateur like me). 

I went to a local dealer and picked up the veneer (~1" ) flagstone. They charged about $280/ton . I bought about $180 worth. I picked it up before the patio floor since the floor was not in stock and would arrive out of state the following week.

Step 8: Mortar Veneer on Wall

Note*- This process would've been better completed after laying the floor, but being pressed for time, and not having the floor pieces available, I began. 

I went ahead w/ the process of putting a scratch coat of mortar on the block wall. This allowed for better adhesion when I went back w/ the veneer itself. Using a trowel I placed a 1/2" of mortar on each stone along with a gap in the middle for suction to the wall. I started low and worked around from the bottom up. With the curved shape of the wall a vertical placement for large stones was more flush than horizontal, though I placed a couple of that way too.

I tapped each one on using a rubber mallet and tried to leave a 1/2" gap between each, though I found some of my stones touching. Vi tried to score and cut some of the stones but was only successful about half the time. I'm sure a pro would've made much cleaner lines than I did.

Where big gaps were left, I filled in w/ some smaller stones as needed.

Step 9: Lay Patio Stones

To lay the stones level, I dried laid them 3 different times first to get a look at them.  I made a limited amount of cuts with my skill saw and masonry blade to score the stone and used a hammer to shape (sometimes the attempts worked, sometimes not so much)

 When I was confident that I could level the stones out (with a slight slope leading away from the wall) I began lifting them one at at time and placing a quikrete sand/topping mix (required only water) in such a way that lifted each stone in an even fashion to that of the thickest stones (they were not of any conformity in thickness, which made this much more difficult than if is used pavers).  Placing mortar under each stone and levelling them out was tedious work.

Step 10: Add Mortar/grout

I've seen on videos how easy a grout bag is to use, so I went on out and got one. Maybe I didn't get the mix right but I couldn't get the mortar to flow very easily. So I took out the trowel and used it to fill the gaps along with a sponge to wet down the excess mortar.
This was a long process that I had to break up into many sessions ( 45 min after work, that kind of thing).
Every so often, 20min after beginning mortar application I would use a wet sponge to clean off the stones. This worked pretty well overall.
I still had issues with mortar residue. I've read that muriatic acid or some high powered detergents can remove this residue .

Step 11: Add Firepit

My pit came from the rock store where I got my flagstone. It was a $300 kit, which after pricing some other option that would have required fire brick as a lining and plenty of other rock to make an eye-pleasing center piece.

I dry-stacked this once and took the picture.  I am debating whether to use mortar to lay the first run to level it out a little better. 

Can't wait to have a first fire, but now all I can think about is landscaping the area around it.  Going to need some gravel and perhaps a raised landscape bed behind...
<p>Having a couple years experience in pouring concrete footers I would suggest building a 3d rectangle with the rebar and then anchoring the vertical rebar support to that rectangle before you pour the concrete footer. Otherwise, the rebar inserted into the cinder block cells are essentially useless. Additionally, I agree on the comment below that it should all be poured at once unless you do it sectionally over the rebar support I first mentioned. Other than that, I tend to agree the rebar and concrete footing were most likely not terribly necessary given the nature of the wall. That is unless you have friends that are whales</p>
<p>This looks incredible, i'll definitely give this a try.</p>
Nice project mate, looks awesom
Awesome, I changed mine a bit.
<p>One thing I should point out.</p><p>I worked with concrete for a long time (surfacing and resurfacing with Perma-crete on various concrete settings), and one of the things I learned is that concrete does not bond to concrete. So when you're doing a pour, pour all you'll need for the footing at one time instead of in layers. This will ensure that it all cures together and remains strong.</p>
<p>While this may have not been what you started out thinking, it really looks incredible and well put together, Great job!!</p>
<p>Very, very, very nice! Thanks for sharing.</p>
<p>Это самый привлекательный очаг для дачи, который я встречал в описаниях интернета. Импонирует, что это оформлено отдельной площадкой. Привлекает своей законченностью, аккуратностью и чистотой исполнения.</p>
<p>There is something pretty he-man about chopping wood, masonry, and a fire pit. It looks great. </p>
<p>What a great space, and really, you have done an excellent job as a first-timer. You're very brave to take on a project like this. Looks so good! Hope you enjoy it!</p>
<p>Oh man! My wife and I just bought a house (we close the 23 of july) and this answered a question I had been noodling with. I love this.</p><p>Great 'able.</p>
<p>KICK-ASS project! Nice work, man! Yeah, you stated you were an amateur, and were quick to point out your mistakes - but people are always their own worst critic. This is NICE! Excellent job, man!</p>
<p>Fantastic work! well done</p>
<p>Awesome project might build one if I move house soon. Make sure you use a fireproof mortar on the lowest bricks if you do cement them down(it means you can never use that space for other stuff or if you want a new centre piece) As after all that effort you don't want to end up with it crumbling and cracking after a while and being unstable. Do you get bad frosts? because hopefully they wont peel of the stone veneer but then that's reasonably unlikely.</p>
nice work. if you wet the stone before you point the joints with mortar then it will clean off without leaving as much residue on the stone
<p>Hi, if you use a grout bag, don't be afraid cut the end a bit bigger &quot;at an angle&quot; or make you grout mix a bit wetter or richer to get the grout to flow. Also, a spray bottle helps. (which ever way you fill the joints) Spray into the gaps in the stones and the grout will stick to the wet and damp parts better. Also, try to go from bottom to top as you grout. Hold the bag upright and give it a &quot;shake&quot; every now and again to keep the grout evenly &quot;live&quot;. Don't overfill it, one or 2 trowels at a time will work better than a full bag. </p>
<p>This is Great! Just the right size. The only thing I would have added was a gas line going to the fire pit. Burning wood always makes a mess and I really love the look of some of these fire pits with sand or glass stones with fire coming from them. I would probably put the gas canisters in a box behind the sitting wall! I'm SO going to do this! Great Job!</p>
Hard work does pay off! You did a great job! Nick Hunter is right about exploding concrete,I had it happen to me. It was literally like an IED went off...got burned and pelted with shrapnel,so please take the proper steps in finishing the fire pit portion. I really enjoyed this and thanks for sharing!
<p>great project, I love this kind of instructables... but, take care of fire pit, cement will explode if in contact with fire... you must use fireproof cement and stones... or better, make a fire pit not in contact with stones..</p>
<p>You could drill holes at intervals on the seat to install a pipe for lights or an awning when required for shelter from rain or sun or hang a screen all around for protection from the wind when required.. also build a small enclosure to house your wood cuts..Enjoy..</p>
<p>There's something medieval and elegant about this I just love. THANKS for this I absolutely love the look of it!</p>
<p>We have a circular space where we had a above ground pool. This would look beautiful in it. Will have to nag husband LOL</p>
<p>Fantastic idea and awesome results. I can empathize with your comments on cementing the flagstone in place. We did a flagstone patio the summer before last, and laying seven tons of flagstone on a gravel and sand base was tedious work for about six weekends, and your layout is tighter than we were able to achieve. Thank you very much for sharing.</p>
Awesome!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
<p>Great job. I've built a couple of patios and a fire pit before. You never know what problems you are going to run into until you start working. We are planning to do something very similar soon. I think you did a terrific job. </p>

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