Introduction: Strandbot - a Solar & Arduino Powered R/C Motorized Strandbeest
The Strandbot is a DIY upgrade for the Strandbeest originally designed by Theo Jansen. Strandbeests are amazing mechanical creatures that are able to move on their own using just a little bit of wind power. Unfortunately my tiny apartment is short on wind, so I decided to upgrade a miniature Strandbeest using an Arduino and some motors. The brain is powered by a solar-charged Li-Po battery so the Strandbot will live on as long as it can find some sunlight. The motors are remote controlled using an Apple Remote, or with a tiny bit of coding you can make it work with just about any IR remote transmitting at 38 kHz.
The Strandbot can be built in about 30 minutes and requires the following ingredients:
1 Strandbeest, split in half (http://tinyurl.com/7qqs8op)
1 Strandbot body (http://shpws.me/ohXz)
2 Drive shaft couplers (http://shpws.me/oufQ)
1 Tamiya Dual Motor Gear Box (http://tinyurl.com/mp9gzcq)
1 Arduino Uno R3 (http://tinyurl.com/q3zteg6)
1 GROVE Base Shield v1.3 (http://tinyurl.com/ok4k2zo)
1 GROVE LiPo Rider Pro (http://tinyurl.com/pwwxba2)
1 GROVE i2c Motor Driver (http://tinyurl.com/q4jospz)
1 GROVE Infrared Receiver (http://tinyurl.com/qf5tjtl)
2 GROVE cables (5 cm) (http://tinyurl.com/lxz8cwl)
1 Solar Panel (0.5 W measuring 55x70 cm) (http://tinyurl.com/pdjksu9)
1 LiPo Battery Pack (3 Ahr at 3.7V) (http://tinyurl.com/pysmpml)
1 Battery (9 V)
1 Battery terminal with +/- leads
3 M3 x 6 mm nylon spacers
3 M3 x 6 mm nylon machine screws
4 M2.6 x 10 mm machine screws with nuts
4 M2 x 10 mm machine screws with washers and nuts
2 M2 x 5 mm machine screws
6 pieces of aluminum wire (100 mm length x 2 mm diameter)
1 USB cable (A to B, 15 cm length)
1 Apple remote
Step 1: Prepare the GROVE Base Shield
The GROVE Base shield makes it very easy to connect the i2c Motor Driver and Infrared Receiver to your Arduino with no soldering or messy wires. It also makes it VERY easy to add functionality to your Strandbot by simply connecting any of the plug & play GROVE modules, even after your Stranbot is fully built.
The basic shield requires slight modification before mounting to the Strandbot body. Remove the three 3M nylon machine screws securing the transparent cover plate and replace them with threaded 6 mm nylon spacers.
Then, connect one GROVE cable to the first I2C connector of the base shield.
Next, connect the other GROVE cable to the A1 connector of the base shield.
Step 2: Mount the GROVE Base Shield and LiPo Rider Pro
Now use three nylon machine screws (M3 x 10 mm) to secure the GROVE base shield to the Strandbot body.
Next, use 4 machine screws (M2.6 x 10 mm) to mount the LiPo Rider Pro next to the base shield.
Depending on which battery pack you are using, you may want to slip the pack inside the Strandbeest body before mounting the LiPo Rider Pro. Do this if your pack is thick and can't easily slip in on top of the LiPo Rider Pro when mounted.
Step 3: Mount the Dual Motor Gear Box
Now you're ready to add the gear box and motors. You will need to remove one of the drive shafts from the gear box before slipping the unit into the Strandbot body. This should be easy if you assembled the gear box properly (without securing the drive shafts so they can operate independently). Replace the drive shaft once the gear box is inside the Strandbot body. Do not secure the gear box to the body with screws yet!
Then mount the i2c Motor Driver onto the Strandbot body using two machine screws (M2.6 x 10 mm). The gear box casing will block the other two mounting holes, so you will have to use 5 mm machine screws without nuts. The mounting holes have been properly sized to ensure a tight fit without even without nuts when using M2.6 machine screws. After mounting the Motor Driver, connect the power wires for the motors and the 9 V battery terminal using the screw terminals on the board.
Next, place one drive shaft coupler on each of the drive shafts. The ones pictured were printed on a consumer grade extrusion 3D printer in PLA. DO NOT DO THIS. The resolution is nowhere near good enough to fit securely without some major clean up work. Use the high resolution parts available on Shapeways to ensure a good, quick and easy build.
Next, slide the 9 V battery into the space between the GROVE base shield and the gear box.
If you didn't do this already, slide the LiPo battery pack into the space on the other side of the body.
Step 4: Attach Strandbot Legs
Now attach the Strandbeest leg assemblies to either end of the Strandbot body. The holes in the body have been spaced and sized to provide a nice tight fit without the need for adhesives or fasteners. This makes the Strandbot easy to disassemble if you want to make your own modifications or go back to the original wind-powered Strandbeest configuration.
Next, run one of the six pieces of aluminum wire through each of the tubes in the leg assemblies (3 on each side).
After attaching the leg assemblies, position the gear box to align both drive shafts with the centers of the leg crankshafts. Then, slide the drive shaft couplers over the ends of the crankshafts.
Now you can secure the gear box to the body using two machine screws (M2.6 x 10 mm) with washers and nuts.
Connect the battery pack to the LiPo Rider Pro "BAT" connector.
Step 5: Attach the Solar Panel
Mount the solar panel on the Strandbot body opposite the Motor Driver. Use something sticky to hold it in place, but make sure you can still remove it if necessary. I use a tiny bit of Sugru (love that stuff). Plug the solar panel into the LiPo Rider "SOLAR" connector.
Step 6: Power Up
You're almost ready to roll...er, crawl.
Plug the GROVE cable attached to the GROVE Base Shield I2C connector into the i2C Motor Driver.
Plug the other GROVE cable (attached to the A1 connector) into the IR Receiver.
Plug your Arduino Uno into the GROVE Base Shield.
Connect the 9 V battery to the battery terminal.
Finally, connect the 15 cm USB (A to B) cable between your Arduino UNO and the LiPo Rider Pro and flip the power switch to ON!
Your Strandbot should come to life.
Now, give it a nice name (Johnny 5?) and feed it some code to get it moving.
Step 7: The Code
First, you'll need to install the IRSendRev library from SeeedStudio (http://www.seeedstudio.com/wiki/File:IRSendRev.zip).
Next, download the attached basic Arduino sketch and give your Strandbot a mind.
The program waits for an IR signal, then tells the motors move in the same direction (forward/backward) or opposite directions (turning left/right) depending on the incoming command. These commands are specific to the Apple remote. If you want to control the Strandbot with a different 38 kHz remote then you will have to determine the data sent by that remote. The sketch includes a Serial.println command to show you the incoming data over the serial monitor. The motor speed can be changed by entering a different value for the "motorspeed" variable in the first line of the sketch.