Structured Wiring System Design

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Introduction: Structured Wiring System Design

This instructable shows the structured wiring system that I designed for my home.

This wiring system provides a centralized location for the following services for all of my rooms (master, 3 bdrm, kitchen, living, garage, office).

1) Local area network (LAN),
2) File server and backup,
3) Telephone,
4) Cable HDTV,
5) Power surge,
6) Power conditioning,
7) Signal Amplification,
8) Internet,
9) Battery backup.

I don't have actual construction photos since I didn't take any but i'll show and describe the final solution that I came up with.

Step 1: Schematic and Materials List

The schematic for the whole house structured wiring system is shown in this image. I have also attached PDF file which may be a bit clearer.

Parts Listing:
1) Cat-5e (internet, lan)
2) COAX RG-59 or RG-6 (cable tv, antenna)
3) Phone cable (telephone, cable telephone)
4) Romex Electrical wire (electricity)
5) 4-port Wired/Wireless-N Router
6) 16-port Switch
7) Electrical outlets
8) 8-way video splitters
9) 2-way video splitter
10) Cat5 patch panel
11) telephone patch panel (bus bar)
12) cable modem
13) file server - primary
14) file server - backup
15) surge protecter, battery backup (cable, phone, electrical, lan)
16) cable try (metal studs)
17) outlets (ethernet, phone, cable)
18) cable ties.

Step 2: Tools Used

Tools:
1) Wire cutters,
2) Wire stripper for coax, phone, cat-5.
3) Wire spool holder,
4) Pop rivet tool,
5) Screw driver,
6) Wrench set,
7) cable ties

Building shelving not covered here but used the following tools:
1) Table saw,
2) Sander,
3) Scroll saw,
4) Electric drill,
5) Screw Drivers

Step 3: Assembly Details

This picture shows the overall assembly and its parts.

Cut sheet rock window in the wall of a closet, dont' cut all the way through the wall, just back to the sheet rock on the other side of the wall,

The shelf is build in three sections that slides between the exposed wall studs. Build the shelves back into the wall opening that you created.

I used wood wall paneling (masonite) and MDF (1/2" to 3/4") to create these shelves. PVC tubing to route wires into attic.

Step 4: Installation Details

Here are details of the installation.

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    127 Comments

    Very neat, but no labels?

    good job .

    Great project thb43... Only a Wel Experience and Hardworking persona can do this... Have U done any INDUSTRIAL TRAININGfrom any company or u just Read This over in Some Book and made it this well?????

    1 reply

    Thanks. My experience is BSME & BSCS from University plus 25 years working in these fields.

    Great project, very well organized! So, I'm searching this Coaxial connector 90º, but I don't meet here.. Where you bought it? Thanks!

    4 replies

    Found them on ebay cheap... and they were pretty low quality though... as soon as you tighten them up they broke pretty easy.. When the cable truck came to my house the installer hooked me up with a hand full of higher quality 90s.

    Oh, and have you a ideia where I can find this connectors with better quality?

    http://www.homedepot.com/p/Ideal-90-Degree-Coaxial-F-Type-Adapters-2-Pack-85-070/202825055

    2d2b6424-0508-431a-ab19-8649ae087951_400.jpg

    hi I've been looking up stuff like this for awhile now and i was wondering if there it any way to wire the electrics to a wifi controlled system any useful tips?

    1 reply

    You just need to plug in a WiFi Access Point or WiFi enabled router and any wireless device will be able connect to the network. Make sure you enable the WiFi encryption to keep those that don't know the SSID/password from accessing your network. For further security you can set MAC address filtering to prevent any wireless device connecting unless its MAC address is programmed into the system even it knows the password. When configuring/controlling your router its not recommend to do this via a wireless connection (but it is possible).. always do this with a connection that is hardwired to the router otherwise you will probably loose connection when you start setting up IP addresses and end up connecting the cable to the router anyway. I always set static IP address for printers, servers, cable boxes, TVs, playstation, pools, file servers and other services and let DHCP dynamically set IP addresses for laptop, computers, mobile phones that are not always connected to the local network.