Picture of Structured Wiring System Design
This instructable shows the structured wiring system that I designed for my home.

This wiring system provides a centralized location for the following services for all of my rooms (master, 3 bdrm, kitchen, living, garage, office).

1) Local area network (LAN),
2) File server and backup,
3) Telephone,
4) Cable HDTV,
5) Power surge,
6) Power conditioning,
7) Signal Amplification,
8) Internet,
9) Battery backup.

I don't have actual construction photos since I didn't take any but i'll show and describe the final solution that I came up with.

Step 1: Schematic and Materials List

Picture of Schematic and Materials List
The schematic for the whole house structured wiring system is shown in this image. I have also attached PDF file which may be a bit clearer.

Parts Listing:
1) Cat-5e (internet, lan)
2) COAX RG-59 or RG-6 (cable tv, antenna)
3) Phone cable (telephone, cable telephone)
4) Romex Electrical wire (electricity)
5) 4-port Wired/Wireless-N Router
6) 16-port Switch
7) Electrical outlets
8) 8-way video splitters
9) 2-way video splitter
10) Cat5 patch panel
11) telephone patch panel (bus bar)
12) cable modem
13) file server - primary
14) file server - backup
15) surge protecter, battery backup (cable, phone, electrical, lan)
16) cable try (metal studs)
17) outlets (ethernet, phone, cable)
18) cable ties.
Schematic.pdf(612x792) 134 KB
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I Like It

galiliosharma6 months ago


Deepakjuneja7 months ago

awesome work

olivia117 months ago



BrianDean7 months ago

great project

davis318 months ago

great idea

rose1248 months ago

nice idea

Great project thb43... Only a Wel Experience and Hardworking persona can do this... Have U done any INDUSTRIAL TRAINING from any company or u just Read This over in Some Book and made it this well?????

thb43 (author)  BARNABASSABA1 year ago

Thanks. My experience is BSME & BSCS from University plus 25 years working in these fields.

Great project, very well organized! So, I'm searching this Coaxial connector 90º, but I don't meet here.. Where you bought it? Thanks!

thb43 (author)  Cristian Augusto1 year ago
Found them on ebay cheap... and they were pretty low quality though... as soon as you tighten them up they broke pretty easy.. When the cable truck came to my house the installer hooked me up with a hand full of higher quality 90s.

Oh, and have you a ideia where I can find this connectors with better quality?

thb43 (author)  Cristian Augusto1 year ago


dbrown751 year ago
hi I've been looking up stuff like this for awhile now and i was wondering if there it any way to wire the electrics to a wifi controlled system any useful tips?
thb43 (author)  dbrown751 year ago

You just need to plug in a WiFi Access Point or WiFi enabled router and any wireless device will be able connect to the network. Make sure you enable the WiFi encryption to keep those that don't know the SSID/password from accessing your network. For further security you can set MAC address filtering to prevent any wireless device connecting unless its MAC address is programmed into the system even it knows the password. When configuring/controlling your router its not recommend to do this via a wireless connection (but it is possible).. always do this with a connection that is hardwired to the router otherwise you will probably loose connection when you start setting up IP addresses and end up connecting the cable to the router anyway. I always set static IP address for printers, servers, cable boxes, TVs, playstation, pools, file servers and other services and let DHCP dynamically set IP addresses for laptop, computers, mobile phones that are not always connected to the local network.

powerndata1 year ago
Hey, great work. You have chimed in with some tips for people who want to do their own wiring system. We must employ the most experienced techniques and use the highest quality equipment.

bfollowell3 years ago
Awesome guide. I'm curious, what amplifiers do you use and what program did you use to create your schematic?

Thanks for sharing.
thb43 (author)  bfollowell3 years ago
Thanks... Actually I changed services last year from Time Warner cable to Verizon FIOS so I don't use an amplifiers anymore. It has a much stronger signal. I was using 20dB amps from Ce Labs which worked fine (as long as TW cable was working). Found them on ebay. I used AutoCAD for the schematic.
jimbarbera3 years ago
Very impressive setup!
I'm using blue jacketed Cat 6 for all Ethernet and gray jacketed Cat 5e for all phone wiring.

For the phone I'm using the blue pair for line 1 but which color pair should be the DSL (U-Verse) modem pair? I'm currently using the brown pair from the POTS splitter, but can easily change it to green or orange.

I am connecting only the pair that is leading to the modem so as to avoid any "stub outs" to other locations in the house.

laxap3 years ago
Wonderfully clean setup. I like how the cables are nicely bundled.
rschlitz3 years ago
Hyper awesome guide. I'm not planning to do this but it was a really interesting read.
nasrudiin4 years ago
Thank you so much for the instructions but really like to know I know you already mentioned. Is there any specific shop you can get the tools or just go shopping?

Thank you
thb43 (author)  nasrudiin4 years ago
buy the tools anywhere... sears, home depot, walmart, lowes, frys, etc.
abadfart5 years ago
 ok so i got it all set up but one of the computer has limited to no connection and my xbox is not registering at all.  i know i wired it right but they aren't working any ideas? 
thb43 (author)  abadfart5 years ago
Could be many different things.  I don't know from the limited info you provide.
If you are using static IP addresses on these devices they may be set to the same IP address so neither one will work correctly.  If you are using DHCP server then make sure the number of addresses in the IP address pool (i.e. starting address to ending address) includes enough IP address for all the devices on your network.
abadfart thb435 years ago
it worked in my test when i had them all in one room and wired together  threw the switch 
ok now the computer is working and i need to check the the wire to the xbox
ElvenChild5 years ago
where do you live?
Mike89135 years ago
total nub q here. . . . where does your cable box come into play?
thb43 (author)  Mike89135 years ago
The cable box is connected directly to my TV via hdmi connection. The cable box is connected to the coax terminal on the wall. I have one in each room were a TV is located. These wall outlets are connected to the 8 way splitter that you can see in the pictures.
hintss thb435 years ago
you mean you didn't use mythTV?! that would've been awesomer, geekier, and made use of the ethernet!
thb43 (author)  hintss5 years ago
Not sure there is an exe file for mythTV that works for Windows OS yet? I only found UNIX/Linux versions online. But it looks cool.
hintss thb435 years ago
You keep that many servers and you don't use *nix? I have 2 servers and a net book, and I run ubuntu on all of them. Oh, and I'm 13
Mark19555 years ago
Hi.....Our house is built and a friend was going to help me out for the router and network switches....I have not gotten through to him. Any ideas for a system that woud work well and not too expensive. Thanks for ant imput. Mark
zchampine5 years ago
 Very nice, how much would this cost though?
buddz5 years ago
 Wow great, clean setup. I do have one question though as I am now trying to wire my home in a similar fashion: What did you use for the telephone bus? and just exactly what is that other white box to the right of the phone bus? Just not sure how I can 'route' the signal out to all the rooms if you know what i mean
Mike44 buddz5 years ago
@buddz, the telephone bus is a product from Leviton for telephone distribution.  This site here has a ton of them for pictures and what not: http://www.smarthomeusa.com/Shop/Structured-Wire/Leviton-Structured/leviton-Phone-Modules/.   I purchased mine from Home Depot though as they seem to have a pretty good selection.
thb43 (author)  buddz5 years ago
The white box and bus aren't anything special.  The bus just splits one telephone source line into 10 lines with each line going to a different location in the house.   In other words, that same color conductor in each phone line is connected togeter via the bus.  I bought this at Home Depot for less than $20 I believe.   The white box is a junction box where can connect a telephone to see if I have a dial tone without having to run out to another room.  One of the lines from the bus goes to this white box where a telephone can be connected/disconnected.
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