I'll start with the basic thing and progress to the less basic things.
Step 1: How to play sudoku
A cell is the smallest block in the game. A row , column and region consists of 9 cells and the whole game consists of 81 cells. A region has thicker lines surrounding it. This simply makes it easier to play the game.
Step 2: The basic basics(scanning)
1) Crosshatching (shown in the first picture). You scan rows and columns to eliminate where a specific number can be in a given region.As you can see there is only one legal place left for the 1(marked green).
2)Counting. In counting you simply count all the different numbers that's in a row,column and region that connects to one cell. if there is just one number missing then thats what should be in the cell. Take a look at the second picture and see if you can figure out the missing number in the green cell.
the correct answer is :4
legend: green = result
red = cause(the cause of the result that is)