Introduction: UPDATED! Simple DIY Sukkah - Build Your Own From PVC Pipe - Free Standing

Picture of UPDATED! Simple DIY Sukkah - Build Your Own From PVC Pipe - Free Standing

Happy 5777!

Please review the PDF to see how you can build an amazingly sturdy custom-sized sukkah. The stability comes from the way the corners are put together. This year, my sukkah will be 8 feet long by 8 feet wide by 7 feet high. I think that 10 x 10 x 8 should be the maximum size. I RECOMMEND THAT YOU BUILD A SQUARE SUKKAH. SEVERAL PEOPLE HAVE BUILT RECTANGULAR SUKKAHS AND REPORTED THAT THE DESIGN IS NOT AS STABLE. YOU CAN BUILD TWO SQUARE SUKKAHS AND PLACE THEM ALONGSIDE IF YOU WANT A BIGGER FOOTPRINT. I used 1.5" PVC for all the pipes.

The photos illustrate each of the steps:

The first two photos show some of the tools I used.

The different pieces necessary for the sukkah are displayed in the next photo. There is also a close-up of what the corner elbow looks like.

The next three photos are devoted to creating the base. One picture shows how the T-shaped connectors are attached to the base. The 4 corners sections are formed by a 90 degree elbow with one foot pieces attached at each end. The base is assembled by tamping the corner sections into the "T" connectors. (Note: the open end of each "T" must face directly upward for it will be receiving the uprights.)

Once the base is created, the following two photos show you how the uprights looked when tamped in. One photo shows the first upright. The other photo shows all 8 uprights connected.

The roof is essentially the mirror image of the base, with the "T"s facing downward.

There were just two of us assembling the sukkah, so instead of building the entire "roof" and lifting it onto the uprights, we did it piece by piece. One photo shows the first horizontal roof piece being tamped into place and the next photo shows the corner section being added once two horizontal roof bars had been connected.

The final photo shows my friend Robin's sukkah, built according to these plans prior to being decorated. I think she found it an easy plan to follow.

To decorate: What I did once for the wall covering was to take bedsheets and sew on straps at the top so the they could be tied onto the head rails. The last time I built it, I bought inexpensive tab curtains, 12 panels in all. The tabs can fit over the PVC before the "T"s are tamped into place. For the roof schach, you can lay bamboo poles or thinner pipes across the top and throw greenery on top of them. If the poles aren't long enough, you can lay them diagonally across the corners. The person who first built this structure stretched fabric across the top and knotted it to the head rails. Greenery can be added on top of this.

Words to the wise: If you are storing your sukkah for a year, check the glued "T"s and the corner connections each year before building. Super glue is super - but it needs to be checked over. You can also use PVC cement - but get the clear kind. Whatever you use, make sure the connections haven't come loose. If they have, just re-glue or use a stronger glue. Note: you need not use any glue at all. It is fine to just tamp joints really hard with the rubber mallet. Up to you.


DanB345 (author)2017-10-08

I made this Succah this year, 10x10' and about 8'4" high. Never had one before but kids now interested and I found your design, which is cheap, easy (for a DIY Luddite like me), and easy to disassemble/reassemble.
I live in London and it was pretty windy the first two nights after assembly, but it stood up to the battering.
I used translucent tarpaulin to create walls with natural light; bamboo sticks square-lashed together resting on the roof (and tied to the floor) to make a grid to support the branches; I also have a not-very-kosher but removable tarpaulin roof to keep the inside dry.
Thanks for this - it's been great! Much cheaper and more satisfying than a pre-fab, and much easier than wood.
Chag Sameach,

ESocolov (author)DanB3452017-12-07

Looks great! Glad it worked out. Happy Hanukah!

Lawrence3 made it! (author)2017-12-06

This are some pix from our 2017 Sukkah. Great directions. We modified slightly and had 12' width by 10' length by 8' height. Absolutely need 1 1/2 PCV with double columns. Sukkah withstood 20 mile-per-hour winds through tarped sides fastened with bungie cords. Thanks ESocolov for the directions. Chag Sameach!”

ESocolov (author)Lawrence32017-12-07

So glad that this worked out for you. I have been recommending making it square (length and width that is, height is up to you), but I am glad that your sukkah worked and withstood the winds. Happy Hanukah!

YefimK1 made it! (author)2017-09-25

This one is 12 X 10 X 8 ft. I drilled vertical holes in floor and roof frames connectors which are not glued together and secured them with pins (plastic golf tees work great). Also, to have sturdy walls, I added horizontal bars at about 3.5' level. To make sukkah more stable, top frame got additional fittings to hold diagonally stretched ropes. Also, there are eyelets near each top frame corner to attach additional "pool out and down" ropes.

ESocolov (author)YefimK12017-10-03

This looks fabulous. Glad for the extra support since its a rectangular base!

GSz1 (author)2017-10-02

12 x 10 x 8, similar to the photo posted by @YefimK1 - planning on building it tomorrow - now that all the parts have been drawn and calculated. will update on it's success (or failure)

ESocolov (author)GSz12017-10-03

I think it might work better as a square - but this looks like a fabulous design with all the extra verticals and horizontals. Let us know how it works out!

scharfmand (author)2016-05-31


Great plan and design.However, keep in mind that according to halachos, the walls should be sturdy
enough to remain in position when the wind blows.

BenjiV made it! (author)2015-09-29

Made it! Worked out great. I added support along the long side of a 8x12x7.5 and actually used couplers for them to cut down on wasted PVC. A few 2x4s across the top with some twine made for a great organic material Skhakh base.

Thanks and Chach Sameach!

ESocolov (author)BenjiV2015-09-29

Impressive solution to the problem of making a rectangular sukkah. Like the wall fabric too. Excellent! Gut yontif!

BenjiV (author)ESocolov2015-10-02

Thanks. They were sun shades:

ESocolov (author)2015-09-27

What I did was go to Home Depot and somehow convinced someone there to split their cedar 2"x4"x10fts down the center, making them 2"x2"x 10fts. I got 4 of these and evenly spaced them going in one direction over the roof. I lashed them down with some twine. Then I laid our schach perpendicular to those beams. We used George Cane - a bit like bamboo - as schach. Perhaps the dried out palms do weigh less - but maybe not much less. Luckily, the cedar doesn't weigh that much. Note: if you want to put holiday lights on your sukkah, I would recommend laying the beams, then stringing the lights and tying them down to one of the verticals - closest to your outlet. Then lay the schach on top of the lights. Hope this helps.

HelloThereHello (author)ESocolov2015-09-28

This helps a ton, thank you! Next year it will be so much easier since the work of the PVC assembly is done. The roof will rock! Thanks again. :)

RaeB3 made it! (author)2015-09-28

Thank you for the plan. We built this over the weekend. It is the first sukkah we have been able to stay together longer than 1 day! Planning on sewing walls for next year. The tarps and vinyl tablecloth corners are temporary solutions.

ESocolov (author)RaeB32015-09-28

This is just beautiful!! Amazing. Well done!

RaeB3 (author)2015-09-28

HelloThereHello made it! (author)2015-09-27

I'm so excited! We made our first sukkah this year thanks to these plans. Here's the finished sukkah all set for the holiday to begin tonight and super moon. Thank you so much for drafting theses plans and sharing them! Chag Sameach!

ESocolov (author)HelloThereHello2015-09-27

Mazel Tov! Great Job. May you have many years of using this sukkah and much happiness!

HelloThereHello (author)ESocolov2015-09-27

Thank you so much! Any tips for the roof construction in the future? We did good enough this year as our first, but it needs improvement next year. Our "beams" across the top were too heavy (1 x 4s) and so were the palms are neighbor generously cut down of their trees. I noticed other roofs have dried palms. Are they lighter since they're dried out? PS: Our sukkah is 10 x 10 x 8,

ESocolov (author)HelloThereHello2015-09-27

Love the hanging bottles. Great idea!

ESocolov made it! (author)2015-09-25

Here are some images from last year. We used Georgia Cane for the roof. Little blue and white holiday lights, paper chains and apples were strung across the beams for decoration.

AriW3 made it! (author)2015-09-25

We built a 10 X 20 X 8 Sukkah out of 1.5 inch PVC and had no issues. We used extra support every 5 feet and drilled holes between every top connector/pole and stuck a pin in so they stayed connected. For the walls we used tarp purchased at Costco connected to the pipes with zip ties. We added 2 X 4 X 12ft lumber to the top. We cut circular holes in the lumber so that they fit snuggly on the PVC which gave the structure added sturdiness. Attached are pictures of the frame. I will post pictures of the completed sukkah later.

RicaM (author)2015-09-24

If we use the instructions as published, how much fabric would you recommend using?

ESocolov (author)RicaM2015-09-24

I ended up buy really inexpensive tab curtains. I think I used 12 panels in all (6 pairs of curtains). Hope that helps. I can't remember the dimensions of king-sized sheets - but those might work fine if you got 4 of them. Hope this helps!

ESocolov (author)2015-09-09

YES! SQUARE IT MUST BE! (Not you, that is...the sukkah)

AvivaF (author)2015-09-09

awlriiiight we're doing this, and doing this square!

LlAF made it! (author)2014-10-14

I made this sukkah- it ended up being 10' x 10' x 8' :) I used clear PVC cement instead of the superglue (did not prime however), and it held up to the wind fine -even though we live on a hillside and do have wind. We used five 3" x 1" for beams across the top, with just some light branches cut from trees on our property. The branches did fall down in the wind, but the sukkah swayed and didn't fall (the beams were tied to the top with twine, this may have helped with stability). It wasn't really big so we used a small brass table and just brought in cushions depending on how many people were coming over. I used one wide piece of unbleached muslin (11 yards) to go around the entire sukkah on three sides and it also covered the two pillars in front, and then tried to clip it tight enough so that it wouldn't billow out at all. Thank you so much for posting the plans, we love our sukkah and it has been a lot of fun to celebrate sukkot this year :)

Emanex3 (author)2014-10-06

This design looks awesome. I want to build a more rectangular sukkah,

Dimensions: L =10ft, W = 6ft and H = 6.5ft. Do you think that it would have the same stability as the more square design?

ESocolov (author)Emanex32014-10-07

Hi. Please note that the person who built a rectangular sukkah did have some issues which *might* have been caused by the rectangular structure. See discussion above. Good luck!

laltenburg made it! (author)2014-10-05

We just finished making ours. 8' x 10' x 7'. It's important to ensure the non-glued joint locations are well malletted else they will come apart. We used garden netting and sisal twine across the top to help hold up the s'chach. Home Depot carries 6' x 16' bamboo garden fence that works great for the sides. All in all it took about an hour or so with one person to build the frame the first time. Very easy and much cheaper than those kits you can buy elsewhere.

ESocolov (author)laltenburg2014-10-06

Very nice and I guess the rectangular structure worked for you. Looks nice and cozy in there. Thanks for the picture!

ESocolov (author)ESocolov2014-10-07

Thanks for all the details. Maybe the design needs to be square? Perhaps it is the rectangular element that gave you issues. Keep me posted!

laltenburg (author)laltenburg2014-10-06

Update - The sukkah collapsed today from the wind and probably the weight of the s'chach. Will reassess structural integrity tonight and potentially adding other solvent weld points...

ESocolov (author)laltenburg2014-10-06

That is terrible! Did you use superglue the joints? Maybe use the clear pvc cement - but make sure the space is well ventilated. I have never had this sukkah collapse - even in a storm. So sorry.

laltenburg (author)ESocolov2014-10-07

I used PVC solvent weld, and those joints were fine. (I do not recommend superglue on this size - use actual solvent weld with primer to ensure the joint does not come apart.)

Last night we rebuilt the structure and did not put s'chach back on. We put some of the bamboo siding on as the roof so there would be no weight on the structure overnight. We also rope tied the roof level as shown in the attached diagram. The rope adds cross tension to the roof level to keep it more stable.

However overnight the structure still shifted and tilted from the wind. The roof remained intact, but it was clear that Assemblies A and B have nothing preventing them from rolling or rotating. So, depending on what happens during the day today, I will likely apply new solvent welds to the base points indicated below in green. This will make the A and B assemblies into L shapes with a 90° angle that should prevent them from rolling or twisting. If the structure is still standing when I get home from work, I plan to only solvent weld the base level as the roof level is already rope tied and rather taught. If it collapses again, I'll solvent weld the roof assemblies as indicated on the diagram.

Hopefully that will help. I'll post more pictures tonight.

ESocolov (author)2014-10-06

Hi. This year our sukkah was 107" x 107" x 86". (Cut pieces were 75" & 12" for base pieces and 84" for the height). This way we could lay 10ft pieces of cedar across the roof and they fit perfectly. I am getting four cheap full-sized flat sheets and sewing ribbon/webbing ties along the long side to tie them at the roof line. Each sheet is 87" x 102" so they should fit perfectly. Will post final picture. Sukkah looks great. A friend made a string of apples to go across. If the squirrels stay away they should dry perfectly.

ryoun8 (author)2013-09-19

E - what did you use across the top? Are there bars or slats or something under the fabric? I'm going to have Avi tie string across the top (I hate climbing on stepladders). Got the walls up - pictures coming soon!

ESocolov (author)ryoun82013-09-19

We lay bamboo stalks (which we happened to have) across the corners since they aren't long enough to go the full span of sukkah. Then we throw boughs on top. I have contemplated making it smaller so that it will be easier to roof (but then it will hold fewer people). Just make the pipes between the "T"'s shorter next year. You can also just drape fabric across the top for the roof. Can't wait to see those pictures!

justjimAZ (author)2013-09-12

I like it.
I think you'd get more views and votes if you actually typed the instructions up an posted them with pictures. Even pictures with the sukkah disassembled would be nice.
I voted for you.

ESocolov (author)justjimAZ2013-09-14

Thanks. You are right! I will do that tomorrow when we build the sukkah! Step by step with images is the way to go.

justjimAZ (author)ESocolov2013-09-14

Looking forward. Good luck in the contest!

ESocolov (author)justjimAZ2013-09-18

Hi. Added photos - but could figure out how to do the "step by step" version. Maybe I had to do it at the start. Thanks for your comments.

justjimAZ (author)ESocolov2013-09-18

The photos should help you get more appreciation!

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