Introduction: Survival Shelter With Basic Bushcraft Tools
This intractable will teach you how to build a basic shelter and how to make the tools you will need to survive.
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Step 1: Shelter Location and Frame
In a survival situation your shelter will need to be near water, wood, and a game animal's trail. My shelter was built next to a creek and a game trail with plenty of wood all around.
To build the frame you will need two long forked branches about 6 feet in length, using a smaller pointed stick dig two holes in the ground roughly 1 foot deep and 10 feet apart then push each forked branch into the holes. Next you will need a log about 10 1/2 feet long it is the spine of your shelter place it across the forked branches so it looks like a large beam. The final step of the frame is to lay sticks about 5 1/2 feet long against the main beam on one side so they form an almost solid wall then weave thinner twigs between them.
Step 2: Thatching the Roof
The second step is to thatch the roof any of these pant materials will work ferns, pine needles, leafs, palm fronds, and any other flexible plant materials you can find, for my shelter i used a straw like weed. Gather a large amount of the plant material you are using and place it in a pile then start to weave it into the wooden wall frame make sure there are no open spaces. Once you are done with that weave another wood screen/frame and place it over top.
Step 3: Finishing the Shelter
Go to the inside of your shelter and push and plant material that hangs down back so that you have a flat water resistant surface. Then build the braces on the outside of the shelter find two logs about 3 feet long and one log about 1 foot long. Stand the two three foot logs up against the side of the shelter and place the one foot log across the top to make a brace repeat this step three times to make three braces. The final step is to make a bed out of the same plant material you used for the thatching make a bed about the same size as you elevated about three inches off the ground by logs.
Step 4: The Bushcraft Knife
Find a chip-able rock such as oranginate or flint, then use a round river rock to chip off a chunk of stone about 5 inches long. you will also need a deer antler or stick about 5 inches long use the sharp shard of rock to make a split in the stick then slide the stone in. Wrap the part of the blade where it meets the handle with a straw like plant then your knife is done.
Step 5: The Stone Axe
Use a round river rock to chip off a large chunk of stone and use your knife to split the log on the end then whittle the split until your stone fits snugly. The last step is too wrap the axehead in an x shape with animal sinew or a straw like plant.
Step 6: The Fishing Rod
The first thing you will need to do is make twine out of tree bark or another plant material Braid thin strips of bark together to make twine skip this step if you already have twine. Next find a curved stick about 3 3/4 feet long use your knife to make a hole in the top of the stick then thread your twine through and tie it at the bottom of the stick. after that you will need a round river rock about an inch in diameter tie this on your string to make the weight leave about 6 inches of string under it. The final step is to make a fish hook there are two types that work a bone fish hook or a small twig sharpen on both ends. make one of the two then tie it on the end of your twine with a square knot.