A quick note to start off... I have never taken a shop class and do not have any real carpentry skills to speak of, so don't take my instructable as the only/best way to build something like this! Also, since I do not frequently engage in woodworking, I don't have many tools... my point being that if I can do this, so can you!
This instructable will show you how to make a Swedish style wine rack out of garden stakes and a few 2x4's. I've always been fond of this style of wine rack, but they can be expensive. A wine rack similar to the one presented here can easily cost $300 or more; plus you will likely still have to put it together yourself, pay for shipping, and if you're going to stain it, you'll have to pay for that and do that yourself too. I spent a lot of time looking online and in stores at various types of wine racks and found that the per bottle cost was around $2.50-$3.00.
My goal was to build the largest capacity possible that would fit in the space I had for it and pay less than $100. My result was a 96 bottle wine rack that cost $96.48 (before taxes)... just over $1 per bottle! And if I didn't stain it, it would have been $75.93 before taxes ($0.79 per bottle). The final dimensions of my wine rack are: 36.5"x72"x10.5" (WxHxD)
Saw - Circular, Table, Mitre, Hand... take your pick, I used a circular saw
Sander - Palm, Hand ... I mostly used my electric palm sander
3/32" Drill Bit
Phillips Head Screwdriver Drill Bit
3@$3.97 - #6x1 Phillips Head Wood Screw (100 pc)
3@$4.97 - #8x2 Phillips Head Wood Screw (50 pc)
4@$2.89 - 2”x4”x96” Stud
3@$6.22 - 1”x2”x24” Garden Stakes (25 pc)
1@$8.37 - 1”x2”x36” Garden Stakes (25 pc)
1@$5.96 - Sandpaper – ¼ Electric Palm Sander sheets (5 sheets)
1@$4.56 - Stainable Wood Glue
Stain Supplies (if applicable):
1@$12.99 - Stain (1 qt)
1@$2.99 - Latex Gloves (2 pair)
2@$0.79 - 2” Paintbrush
1@$2.99 - Plastic Dropcloth (9'x12', 0.5mil)
Step 1: Starting Small - My Methodology
Before I go much further I'd like to point out a couple of things... First, I am placing this wine rack with one side against a wall. Second, I don't have the patience, time, tools, or skill to make this thing exact in every dimension. Third, I'm going to use the side of the wine rack that is against the wall to hide imperfections; I will refer to this side as the "ugly" side. Finally, I'm going for a handcrafted look, so it is OK to have some slop!
My method for building this wine rack is to keep all the "ugly" pieces of wood on the back side of the rack and also use the back side to hide any dimensional mismatches. You'll want to pay extra attention to the orientation of all the pieces as you attach them to one another in order to preserve the ugly/good sides. The front side of my wine rack turned out beautifully!
Below is a picture of the basic building blocks for this project. There is a bundle of 25, 1x2x36" garden stakes and a bundle of 25, 1x2x24" garden stakes. The 36" kind are used to make the long pieces of the shelves while the 24" kind are used for all the little pieces of the shelves. Lowes has a really good deal on these things... just pay attention and avoid bundles with a lot of warped, splintered, or ugly pieces.
My wine rack requires 2, 33.5" pieces and 11, 10.5" pieces per shelf. This works out nicely because that leaves just enough room before the stakes start getting pointed.