THE TYPES OF POTATO CANNONS

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Introduction: THE TYPES OF POTATO CANNONS

 there are two types of potato cannons. combustion and air.

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also, these things can kill you

Step 1: COMBUSTION CANNON

 The first type the combustion cannon.
it uses a gas, an ignition source, and a compressed area to launch projectiles

Step 2: THE KEY PARTS

 there are three main parts to the combustion cannon
1. the compression chamber
2. the barrel
3. the ignition source

for the chamber, you have to put a screw off cap at one end, and a reducer at the other. you need the cap to be removable so that you can fill the cannon. you need the reducer to give the cannon more power, because a 1:1 ratio will not give you the needed power. i also chose to add a male screw adapter, so that i could have different barrels, also if the barrel clogs, you can get it out.

the barrels is a simple pvc pipe attached to the combustion chamber, that you can load from the front, or the rear, depending if you have a removable barrel which i highly recommend.

the ignition source can be almost anything. i recommend a grill ignitor since they are made to produce a spark. you should attach high gauge wires to the metal tabs on the side and bottom, instead of using the supplied wire, the wire given is not too good for making the spark needed, also it is a pain to cut. also, you should solder the end with tin, to protect it from erosion. one last thing, make sure that the ignitor and chamber are one, because is there is a leak, then the gas will come out and hit you. not fun. i just used some marine goop, to seal off the end of mine, just enough to keep gas from coming out.

Step 3: AIR CANNON

 the next type is the air cannon

Step 4: THE KEY PARTS

 again, an air cannon has three main parts
1. compression chamber
2. barrel
3. release mekanism 

the compression chamber MUST be air tight. is it is not your cannon will leak and it is hard if not impossible to fix. i double glued everything and even added a nice coat of epoxy on the inside and out to make it perfect. it once help 60 psi for 2 hrs! 

 again, barrel is a pvc pipe attached to the chamber in some way, i recommend a removable barrel.

this is where i got creative. you can use a standard ball valve as a release, but it was slow and lost a lot of power, so i decided to go electronic. i used a sprinkler valve, and instead of cutting it open, drilling, glueing, and carefully assembling a blow gun trigger into it, i just put a battery bank on top, added a switch, hocked up to the solenoid, added a box to keep it neat, and had a lightning fast trigger.

WARNING!!! the electric trigger method has more power, but also is extremely load. mainly because i have a 5:1 compression ratio( i now know that that is not good, and am working on a 2:1 cannon) which makes it very load. so load that my neighbors said that if i shoot it one more time they will call the police since it vibrates there entire house( believe me it is that damn load!!)
so i recommend either a ball valve or a 2:1 ratio for the sprinkler valve to barrel ratio.

Step 5: FINAL REVIEW

 combustion

pros
decent power
quiet
easy to fire

cons
a little short on power
can be dangerous is back blast hits you

air

pros
has varying power depending on how much air you give it
can have a lot of power
can shoot almost anything

cons
can be very load
takes long to load
harder to build

OVERALL
i say that both cannons are equal. 
If you live in a highly populated area or in an apartment, i say don't make one
if you live in a narea with a large back yard, but have neighbors, i say combustion
in you live in an area with a large back yard and few to no neighbors within 30 ft of your house, i say go for air

either way, they both are fun to use

again, these are not toys and can kill you if not used in a proper manner

Step 6: SILENCER

i made a silencer for my cannons. I forgot to take pictures, but type silencer in the search box and you can find the instructions for how to make one.

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    32 Comments

    There's 3 types of cannons, and each has two or three significantly different 'cousins'

    2 things.
    electric actuation is not more powerful. Blowgun is because it opens MUCH faster and has higher flow.

    Also, you forgot hybrids. Other than that, great instructable

    It doesnt matter usually about the chamber size unless you have a really long barrel, the bigger chambers just take longer to fill up

     true, but this one is more powerful then i can imagine, i made a massive silencer for it that turns my shotgun combustion cannon into a clap. but this still is so loud my neighbors complained!!

    I have one that launches water filled 700mL pop bottles over 400 feet, its not loud and has a chamber almost twice as big as yours, your neighbors must have their hearing aids up too loud.

    LOL you have any pictures or better any instructables?? also i figured out the sound problem. having the air go from 5-1 inch was bad, but going from 1- a pinhead via the solenoid was what gave it the elephant noise, i wanna make a mechanical trigger, but now i have school and electronic projects,if i do do i till be sure to post it

    Yea here is my instrucable: https://www.instructables.com/id/Multi-Barrel-Air-Gunpaint-ball-tennis-ball-pota/
    Ok, I also wondered about the small valve causing performance loss, so if you make it bigger it will help. I didn't realize you had a 5 inch tank, I though it was 3, mine is 4 inch so I guess they are about the same size.
    I also realized my 3/4inch paint-ball barrel is really loud.


    Yea it took me... I dunno 2 years to figure it out, but it was right in front of me all along, and Thanks and our cannons use the same kind of switching which is cool, but I also made mine modular, so I have a barrel, trigger, and chamber.
    I have
    2 chambers
    1 trigger
    3 barrels

    Thats only the air guns lol

    Where do you get 5 inch pvc?

    Home Depot