The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Construction began around 1632 and was completed in 1653. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri is considered to be the principal designer.
This will be the base of the building.
Laser cut the sides of the base out of wood. Most of the materials used for laser cutting for this project are 1/8 inch thick. The two longest sides are 9.25 inches, the four shorter pieces are 3.6 inches, and the smallest two pieces are 2.8 inches. They are all one inch tall.
Push out the small pieces at the top and throw them away. Push the larger pieces below them in slightly and glue them to the surrounding frame.
Do this for all sides of the base.
Paint the front and sides white.
Paint the parts white.
Glue the remaining pieces to the sides of the center piece of the front and back sides of the base.
Insert the rectangles into the slots on the base and glue them. Some of the slots will be empty. These will help support the weight of the building.
Glue the larger piece to the center of the top of the base.
Now glue the smaller piece on top. Make sure to center it.
Paint these pieces white.
Now we will build the walls of the building.
Laser cut four walls. They should be 5 inches wide and 3.75 inches tall. The lines around the windows should be etched and should not be cut through all the way.
Push the inner piece in even further and glue it.
Push the frames around each of the windows outward slightly.
The piece at the top of each window should be pushed inward slightly from the surrounding frame.
The rectangles should be pushed forward from the surrounding frames.
Step 15: Doorway
The windows should be at the same level as the surrounding pieces. Make sure the etched side is facing to the front.
Glue the doorway into place. Set it as far back as you can.
Step 16: Windows
Glue the window. Set it as far back as possible.
Repeat for the other three windows.
This wall is done! Repeat for the other three walls.
These will go in between the walls we just made.
Laser cut four corner pieces.
They should look identical to the sides of the larger wall pieces.
These rods go in between the walls and corners as well as on either side of the tall parts of the walls.
3D print 16 small domes. The bases of the domes should have a diameter of 0.4 inch and height of 0.5 inch.
You will need 8 wood sticks that are 4.5 inches long, and 8 shorter wood sticks that are 3 inches long. They should be .2 inch wide.
Glue the small domes to the top of each stick.
Glue the shorter wood sticks to the corners of the building between the large wall pieces and the corner pieces. The longer sticks should be glued on either side of the tall sections of the wall. Paint the sticks white.
These are the towers at the corners of the base.
Cut four 0.5-inch wide wooden dowels so they are 6.5 inches long.
Paint them white.
Repeat for the other 3 dowels.
Glue the domes to the tops of the sticks on the wooden dowels.
Glue the gears to the bottoms of the circles.
Paint the rings white.
This is the roof of the building and will go on top of the walls we made earlier.
Laser cut the roof out of white acrylic. It should be 7 inches by 7 inches. Put it aside for now.
These are the small towers at the corners of the roof.
Laser cut the pieces shown above out of wood. You will need one large octagon (2 inches), one small octagon (1 inch), one circle (1 inch), and eight pairs of the long, thin pieces (1 inch) for each of the 4 small towers.
Repeat step 3 for the 7 remaining corners.
Glue the small .5 inch pieces in between each column.
Glue a 1.2-inch octagon to the top of the structure. Make sure the sides of the top and bottom octagons are aligned.
Glue one of the 1-inch octagons to the top of the 1.2-inch octagon. Make sure the sides are aligned.
Glue the 2-inch, 1/16-inch thick octagon to the top of the 2-inch, 1/8-inch thick octagon. Make sure to align the sides of the octagons.
Glue the structure on top of the large octagons. Again, make sure the sides of the octagons are aligned.
Glue a circle to the top of the structure.
Repeat three more times to create the other small towers.
Glue them to the top of each tower.
Paint the towers white.
This is the large tower at the center of the roof.
Laser cut 5 large circle chips to form the tower. The circle has a diameter of 4.25 inches. Make 6 rectangles with a width of 0.5 inch and a height of .15 as holes for holders.
Laser cut long wooden holders with a width of .5 inch and a height of 3.75 inches in order to make a cylinder-shaped base.
Put the long wood holders into the holes and use a glue gun to glue each chip. Each of the circles should be 0.5 inch apart.
Use white foam to wrap the whole cylinder.
Now we have to put everything together.
Glue the large tower to the center of the roof.
Glue each small tower to the corners. Make sure they aren’t going off the edge.
Cut off the tops of the rectangles that are sticking out on the large tower.
Glue the dome to the large tower and paint it white.
The roof is now finished!
Step 35: Landscape
The image at the top show a view of the whole project.
The second image shows the garden part.
In the garden, we have paths, the grey and also the dark red one in the image. We built them from wood using laser cutter and paint them to the color we want.
For the grasses, we glued green papers on the board first, and then put fake grass on it. We also stuck some trees in the garden. There are seven trees on each side, four on the left and three on the right.
There is also a water tank at the center of the garden, which reflects the image of the mausoleum. We cut through the board on the top but not the one on the bottom to make this tank, and then painted the bottom of the tank to blue, so it looks like there is water in it, which also reflects the color of sky. The tank is laid out with avenues of trees and fountains. There are ten small trees on each side of the tank and eleven little fountains in it.
At the top of the board, the area around the building should be painted white as shown in the image above. The white area is about 14 inches across. The remaining area is gray to match the paths.
The third image shows the scale of the whole landscape.
This will display some information about the Taj Mahal.
There should be some empty space left at the bottom of the board. The width should be 24 inches and the height 5.5 inches.
Download the image by searching “world landmarks Taj Mahal” in Google Image Search.
Design the display label in Adobe Illustrator.
Left: An introduction of the Taj Mahal from Wikipedia.
Middle: Symbol centered.
Right: Description of location, Designer name, year
Team member names
Use a laser cutter to print:
(Black Set, 50% power, 5.0% speed, nitrogen off, fan on)
Cut the board through as a rectangle
(Red Set, 100% power, 3.0% speed, nitrogen on, fan on))
These are small grassy areas on either side of the main building.
Laser cut the rectangles shown above out of wood. You will need two of these. You will only need the outer pieces.
Paint the rectangles white
Glue the rectangles on either side of the main building in the area painted gray.
Use a glue gun to stick fake grass in the middle of the rectangle
Step 38: Electronics
The mechanism of this system can be described as follows. We use light sensor to detect ambient light and the analog value of light would be collected by Arduino. Once the laser pointer hit the light sensor, Arduino would play the audio record, which is kept in an SD card.
The first image shows the audio module we use, WTV020-SD.
The second image shows the schematics of our system.
Here is a demo of the hardware:
sensorValue_1 = analogRead(sensorPin_1);
sensorValue_2 = analogRead(sensorPin_2);
if(sensorValue_1 > 500)
digitalWrite(play, LOW); // this is for playing sound
if(sensorValue_2 > 500)
digitalWrite(next, LOW); // this is for playing next sound recording
When the entire project is finished, it looks something like the images above.