Students know DNA is the genetic material of living organisms and is located in the chromosomes of each cell.
Students know that mitochondria liberate energy for the work that cells do and that chloroplasts capture sunlight energy for photosynthesis.
Students know the characteristics that distinguish plant cells from animal cells,
including chloroplasts and cell walls.
Students know large molecules (polymers), such as proteins, nucleic acids, and starch, are formed by repetitive combinations of simple subunits.
Students know the bonding characteristics of carbon that result in the formation of a large variety of structures ranging from simple hydrocarbons to complex polymers and biological molecules.