Introduction: Temperature Sensor for Shower

With this device you diminish the use of water in your house or work. Instead of waiting to see vapor in the shower to get in, this device help you to know when the water its at the temperature you want and you can instantly enter to the shower. In this way you don't waste the water by not knowing when its ready.

This device shows the temperature of the water with a led bar (made from 10 leds). The leds get on when the temperature of the water rise. Because we know that every person likes different temperature while taking a shower we add a knob so you can regulate the led bar to show the amount of light up leds at the temperature you wish. So in this way you can adjust the device to your needs.

Step 1: Material

If you already have an arduino uno you can make this in no time and the materials are just a few. 

1 Arduino UNO

7 red leds

3 green leds

10 220ohms resistance

1 9 volts battery

1 copper plaque

1 temperature sensor tmp36 o lm35

1 10kohms potenciometer

Step 2: Circuit

This is the device. Its made with fritzing like an arduino shield. So we can integrate it easily to arduino. The conections are really simple, each led goes to arduino, and the other end goes to a resistor and then to ground. 

The temperature sensor and the potenciometer are connected equally. Voltage, ground, and the center pin goes to arduino analog in.

If you want the pcb files to download please go to my web page. You can find in there the pcb file in a pdf ready to print and transfer and also you can find the fritzing files if you want them. The link is:

http://www.bioespin.com/temperature-sensor-for-shower.html

Step 3: The Code

There are a ton of ways to make this code but I make it like this to make it easier to read and modify. If you have another way to making it, please share it in comments :)

/***********************************************************************************/
//Declare the potencimeter and the temperature sensor pins
const int potenciometro= A1;
const int Temperatura= 0;

//declare each led pin
const int led1= 9;
const int led2= 8;
const int led3= 7;
const int led4= 6;
const int led5= 5;
const int led6= 4;
const int led7= 3;
const int led8= 2;
const int led9= 1;
const int led10= 0;

//Declare the variables for the temp regulation
int pot_regulador= 0;
int ajuste_de_temp= 0;

//declare leds as outputs
void setup() {
 
pinMode(led1, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led2, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led3, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led4, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led5, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led6, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led7, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led8, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led9, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led10, OUTPUT);

}

//main program

void loop() {
 
//read voltage from the temp sensor and transform to celsius
   int reading = analogRead(Temperatura);
    float voltage = reading * 5.0;
voltage /= 1024.0;
float TemperaturaC = (voltage - 0.5) * 100 ;

//This part if for regulating the temperature
//in this program we divide the value of the potenciometer by 30 to have 30 degrees of regulation
//if you divide by 100 you have 10 degrees of regulation
// and divided by 50 you get 20 degrees of regulation
//the values are only aproximate they are not exact

   pot_regulador=analogRead(potenciometro);
  ajuste_de_temp=pot_regulador/30;
  delay(50);
 

//the temperature is read and the leds light up for the temperature that is measuring

  if(TemperaturaC<(10-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led3, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led4, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led5, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led6, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led7, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);

  }
  else if(TemperaturaC<(20-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(10-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led4, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led5, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led6, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led7, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
  else if(TemperaturaC<(30-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(20-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led5, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led6, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led7, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
  else if(TemperaturaC<(40-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(30-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led6, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led7, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
  else if(TemperaturaC<(50-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(40-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led6, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led7, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
  else if(TemperaturaC<(60-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(50-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led7, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
    else if(TemperaturaC<(70-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(60-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led7, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led8, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
    else if(TemperaturaC<(80-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(70-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led7, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led8, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led9, LOW);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
    else if(TemperaturaC<(90-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(80-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led7, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led8, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led9, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led10, LOW);
  }
  else if(TemperaturaC<(100-ajuste_de_temp) && TemperaturaC>(90-ajuste_de_temp)){
      digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led7, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led8, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led9, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(led10, HIGH);
  }
}
/****************************************************************************************/

Step 4: Set Up!

For the set up you have to make sure all the pieces are isolated from water.The tmp36 or lm35 are really good to measure temperature but they are not water proof. The way we do it is placing a spacer (just a little copper extension) between the shower head and the wall pipe, in there we paste with silicone the temperature sensor and make sure all the metal connections are isolated with the glue. This tube also help to get a more accurate measure because the copper is a good conductor.

The sensor has to be glue with cold glue, because if you use hot glue it can melt down by the temperature of the water and make a short cut.

Also we have to make the circuit case water proof. here you can use the hot glue.

Step 5: Thanks

I hope you enjoy this project

Remember:

-Make all your electronic part water proof using silicone

-Save water in all moment

If you like this and you want to see more projects please enter to my site:

www.bioespin.com

Comments

author
brunodiaz20 (author)2013-08-07

hey great work bioespin

author
Silvera (author)2013-05-16

I think your code may have a bug...
If I'm reading it properly you've got it lighting an extra light as the temperature rises. But your tests cover everything except between 90 and 100. That seems to mean that if the temp is between 90 and 100 no lights will be lit. Is this expected?

Other than that, looks good. I was just thinking of something like this during my shower this morning, so the timing is perfect!

author
Jochefor (author)Silvera2013-05-16

Thanks for the heads up. Yes i had an error in the code but i already update it :)
its good to go now. Thanks again

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