Introduction: The KITT-duino, DIY Larson Scanner With an Arduino
IMPORTANT: CODE IS NOW UPDATED. FIXES INCLUDE ADDING AN INTEGER VALUE TO MANIPULATE TIMING AND FIXING A DOUBLE-BLINKING LED.
It is my understanding that many Larson Scanners can only pulse from side to side. I felt that that needed to be changed, seeing as that in the newer (yet short-lived) Knight Rider series revival on NBC for about 1/2 of a real season, the iconic red lights would move from right to left and back, start on both sides to meet in the middle (and then return), go from left to right and back, to middle, and then repeat... I drew out in sequence how the LEDs will light up. The arrow indicates the direction the LEDs will light up.
This simple project for the Arduino will produce pretty good results for the time and money, and the code can be modified very easily, which will be detailed later...
Please share improvements on the code with me, this is my first Arduino project (other than the "Blink" tutorial) so I'd enjoy hearing where it could be better.
Now... Onto the materials list.
Also, please rate and comment if you have a minute. It is all very much appreciated.
Step 1: Materials
Assuming you already have an Arduino, there is very little to purchase... This will only require about $4.50 USD in materials and about 3 hours to make if you don't know how to solder well (like me) or maybe under an hour if you are very good at it.
10 5mm LEDs, any color (I chose red in true KITT style and bought them for about $.05 a piece)
10 220 ohm resistors (Radio Shack part no. 271-1111)
1 Perf board (Radio Shack part no. 276-170)
1 ft CAT5 wire or 5.5ft 22 AWG wire
And of course, an Arduino. I used a Duemilanove for mine.
Step 2: Board Prep
To begin, plug in the Soldering Iron.. Let it heat up until you complete the following
1- Take the CAT5 wire, splice it down the side, and separate in into a bunch of little insulated wires.
1a- Cut the 22 AWG into 6 inch lengths
2- Strip one end of the wire to about 5mm copper showing. Strip the other ends at about 3mm. Repeat for a total of 11 wires
3- Snip the leads of the Resistors and the down a little so they are easier to work with on the board. DO NOT CUT THE LEDs... If you do, there's no easy way of telling anode from cathode
( + from - ) because from the factory, each LED has a long leg and a shorter leg. Shorter= negative, longer = postive.
FOR THE NEXT STEPS... I drew up a schematic and put a picture of it so if it will help you, that is how it is on the board.
4- Insert the LEDs into the board as shown. The actual gap between them is up to you. Every 3 holes worked for me. Fold the leads down to keep it in place. Make sure the negative side is going through a hole that is plated onto a long strip to connect with all other LED anodes.
5-Insert the one side of the resistor into a hole that is VERTICALLY inline with the cathode of each LED. Insert the other end in a hole that is over the gap with no holes. Make sure it isn't the bottom one. Bend the leads to make it stay.
6- Insert the little wires into the perf board by the 3mm stripped end, one below each resistor. This size will solder well and the 5mm side will fit into the pins on the Arduino. Tape these on, there won't be enough copper to bend it very well.
TIP- Alternate colors of wire (if using CAT5) so it is easier to troubleshoot connections later.
7- Insert one wire as a common lead at the top of the board connected to the anodes.
8- If it similar to the picture, flip it over (or put in some gentle sort of vise) and prepare to solder.
Step 3: Soldering and More Soldering
By now, the soldering iron should be very toasty. We'd better put it to use right about now...
Make sure all of the LEDs are parallel so they won't look zig-zaggy or something weird when they set. I "trued" mine to a tabletop side
Then, solder all connections, taking care not to join any lead to a copper conductor except the one it should be at. See picture for clarification. I connected some of the leads with solder and the built in copper conductors. Like I said, I am not very good at soldering so if you are, don't make the globs of solder so large. Note how the resistors are inline with the LEDs and in line with the small wire. This is key to the project so that when the Arduino turns one pin on, the other LED won't turn on by mistake...
DISCLAIMER- The board, joints, and leads will get very hot!!! Don't try to move anything on the board with your hands while there is hot solder on the board if you can help it.
Step 4: Code and Programming
Now for the actual Microcontroller part.
I have attached a .txt file with the code.
Fair warning, it looks weird but all operations are there. It should work fine.
If it doesn't work right for you, contact me and I will work on debugging it for you.
Note the two integer (int) values to manipulate timing. Much easier than a find and replace.
Now, upload this to your board and then connect the wires as shown on the next page...
Step 5: Wiring the Arduino to the Board
Twist the ends of the wires so that each one has a nice, slender, copper lead.
Insert each one into its respectable pin with the farthest left LED (according to my picture) being in Pin 13, next one to its right in Pin 12, and so on and so on. If done correctly, the furthest LED to the right will be in Pin 4.
Connect the common wire to the GND port on the Arduino.
Step 6: Testing And... Voila?
Now it is time to test everything. If you want to get fancy and technical, check all of your soldering with a multimeter and then correct it with another round of soldering. If you want to be low tech, plug the Arduino with the newly uploaded code to a power supply and let it run. make a note of which LEDs don't light up (by tracing the colored wire if you alternated colors) and then correct only those.
If there is no error, congratulations. You didn't make a mistake which means I must not have made a major one either. We should both be proud of ourselves. I posted a video of what should happen if it is correct. If you have Quicktime on your computer, you should be able to view it. If not, please let me know. The video is of the previous code but with this update, it should run better for you.
If you want more LEDs, get an Arduino MEGA and modify the code for yourself. I don't have any way of debugging it since I only have a Duemilavove.
Thanks for looking