Items that are needed:
Step 1: Become Familiar With the Rules and Terminology
Par is the number of strokes it would take a first class golfer to complete a hole.
Par 3's - Are the shorter holes on a golf course.
Par 4's - The par 4's are the ones between the distances of a par 3 and a par 5. Some happen to be shorter then others.
Par 5's - These are the longest holes on the golf course.
Handicap - Is the difficulty of the golf course, the lower the number the harder the hole will be to play. The toughest hole will be rated with a 1 and the easiest would be rated as either a 9 or an 18 depending if you are playing a nine or eighteen hole course.
Also while out on the course there needs to be etiquette while others are in their swing. Suppose to be as quiet as possible and not be moving.
Step 2: Equipment
Know that you should have a driver, fairway woods, irons, wedges, and a putter. In tournaments you can only have fourteen clubs in your bag.
Step 3: Develop a Grip
Ten Finger: Non-dominate hand and dominate hand are right by each other. This technique does not give as much accuracy as the other two.
Interlock: This is fairly similar to the ten finger technique but instead of the hands being by each other they are going to interlock. You will take the pinkie finger of your dominate hand and place it under your index finger of your non dominate hand. Both this technique will have more control on the shots.
Vardon Overlap: Is the opposite of the interlock technique. The vardon overlap has your dominate pinkie overlapping the non dominate index and middle finger.
Use the technique you feel most comfortable with.
Step 4: Allignment Is KEY
The ball should be even with your front foot heel while using a driver, while it should be back in your stance when using your irons, and wedges.
Step 5: Posture Is Needed
First you will need to bend from your hips until the club is resting on the ground. In your knees there should be some flexion at the addressing of the ball. Should bend from the waist not your upper body like the middle image shows. You do not want your back to be in a curved shape. You want it more perpendicular to the ground like the first image.
Step 6: Addressing Position
With woods long iron like 3-7 you want to be positioned slightly behind that of where you would hit from with a driver. It should be still forward in your stance. Weight should be approximately 40% forward and 60% back.
With a short iron that would go higher and a shorter distance you want it back more in your stance. Weight should be distributed 50% on both feet.
Step 7: Backswing
Step 8: Transition
Step 9: Downswing to Follow Through
At the moment the club makes contact with the golf ball is called the hitting zone. If your swing is off it could affect the direction the ball goes, the following are the ways a swing could affect the direction of the ball:
Inside-to-out, outside-to-inside, and inside-to-square-to-inside
The one that would maximize your distance would be the inside-to-square-to-inside swing path.
Follow through is not something you can take light in the golf swing. Address the follow through as it is affecting the shot even though the ball doesn't come in contact with the ball during this phase.
Step 10: Putting
Place thumbs of non-dominate have pointing down on the grip. Wrap dominate hand around thumb and let other fingers be covered by the forefingers of your non-dominate hand. Point your forefinger of your dominate hand down the grip of the club.