Introduction: Deleted

Picture of Deleted


Step 1: Conclusion

once it's cool enough to touch with you bare hands you can take it off the stove, and peel the aluminum foil off. To use it attach one wire to the bolt on the top and another wire to the copper, the copper is your positive lead and the bolt is your negative one

if you like this then favorite it, and if you want to see many more things like this then be sure to follow me. If you made this yourself then I want to see it, leave a photo in the comments below. For all my followers I say thank you for the support. Don't forget to vote for me, thank you.


MooMeat42 (author)2015-03-13

Can't believe there are still people that buy in to John Hutchinson's crap. He has a YouTube channel. look him up. He's mentally unstable. he's the one who made this up. But the thing about his batteries is they all work like potato batteries. They're all just 2 metals reacting through an electrolyte. And he thinks he invented limitless energy. This makes me sick!

KasunA (author)MooMeat422015-04-27

look at Albert Einstein bro & also look at stephen hawking did they look like mentally stable to you or did thay look normal to you? dont make persons appearance disturb with his spooky brain functioning. may be this works may be this doesnt but who know we will find something els from this accidentally, dont try to jug so quick.

MooMeat42 (author)KasunA2015-04-27

It works but not the way John Hutchinson advertises that it works. John Hutchinson, who makes money off of pretending to know how to make limitless energy. You better not be so quick to jug me, "bro," before you do your own research, like actually making one of these and figuring out just how many joules of energy you can get out of this; not a limitless amount, I assure you.

MarcusC36 (author)MooMeat422016-05-03

People have actually run these for 2+ years continuous, they produce 100+ Watthours in that time from one good cell. They even live streamed it.

KasunA (author)MooMeat422015-04-28

no bro i didnt jug you at all i was just sayn that dont juge ppl by race or color or religon coz i actually feel sory for others by that, i didnt mean to heart you sorry. today i bought the chemicals and i am bout to test as it is true or not, i will post my result not only here at you tube too ,all the chemicals(250g) cost me 1.69USD, mony is not the problem its my time.

AndyC79 (author)KasunA2016-01-17

where are the results ^^

MooMeat42 (author)KasunA2015-04-28

lol jugs

fraser02 (author)2016-04-08

By the way, if you want to know how to properly delete instructables, all you need to do is click 'edit', on this instructable, then near the top, under 'add pictures', there is a drop down box labeled 'more'. Go into this, and click delete.

Lowkey Lyesmithe (author)2016-02-03

Has anyone tried to take one of these things apart after a few months of use (after current drops and becomes stable)? I'm interested whether you would see a gap form between either magnesium or copper and the electrolyte... or both.

Also, is there a reason that everyone seems to use a peg shaped magnesium core - a round shape where only a small portion of the metal comes in contact with electrolyte?

Why not use magnesium foil (available on amazon) sandwiched between copper sheets? I'm thinking that increasing contact surface area would boost current.

Is it because foil would get "eaten" too fast and the battery wouldn't last nearly as long?

TravisM18 (author)2015-10-23

What happens if you put this in a crystal radio circuit instead of a germainium diode?

blakehx (author)2015-09-28

Where do you get the magnesium, couldn't find any at Lowe's or Home Depot? Any alternatives?

crisl (author)2015-04-16

Very nice, I'll build one as soon as I can find some "No Salt"!

tucker135 (author)crisl2015-07-07

You can spend $11.99 for a 11oz shaker of No Salt from Amazon, or buy a pound of pure potassium chloride from EBay for $9.00.

tucker135 (author)2015-07-07

I like your post and I'm currently working on such a cell. Not meaning to nit pick or anything but current is measured in amps, not volts; "half a volt of AC current"

The_Nobody (author)2015-06-09

No Salt is KCL or Potassium Chloride. It is $8 for a pound on Amazon.

ToXiCATOM (author)2015-05-28

Dude, what is "No salt"? Can someone please explain me?

jbaker22 (author)2015-05-19

How many volts and Mah does this produce when you put it on a car engine?

yosoof (author)2015-04-23

you can buy Magnesium rods from

paul.jay1 (author)2015-04-15

please please can anybody help me. I live in South Africa and have googled companies all over and cannot find MAGNESIUM BLOCKS or STIPS ... they only sell Magnesium Sulphane and Magnesium ...this and that powders etc. Not the soft blocks described here. Do you have any other solution for me?? Please mail me at in case I miss a reply here!! I'll really appreciate your help. Paul.

christopher.l.douglas.5 (author)2015-04-08

but these are not normal dry cells for another reason... while dry cells are called dry cells they are actually paste cells.. the mixture has a content of liquid and the battery is sealed off to prevent it from evaporation.. the crystal cells use no liquid at all and can be sealed off to prevent absorption..

but here is a tutorial on how a true dry cell is made..

christopher.l.douglas.5 (author)2015-04-08

but to all the folks who can't get voltage output from their cells.... the magnesium and copper must be separated from each other.. if using a copper cup then lay a piece of insulation material in the bottom of the cup to keep the electrodes from grounding out on each other... if they touch the battery will not work..

christopher.l.douglas.5 (author)2015-04-08

yes an no to the chemical cell battery.. it is a battery, but much more than a standard galvanic cell..

a standard galvanic cell working on the redox action and the decay of two dissimilar metals means the magnesium rod or copper cup will corrode away.. the problem is that even after months of service they show very little if any corrosion..

most common batteries work in one to three ways.. 1: the galvanic action of the two metals produces power. 2: the electrolyte gets depleted if the two metals do not corrode. 3: a combination of both 1 & 2..

just by visual inspection one does not notice any pitting or dissolving of the metals unless one were to add water to the mix.. adding water makes this a sodium galvanic cell as was mentioned earlier.. the rod and the cup will not last that long under this process but will produce a lot more power.. the absence of water while effectively making this a dry cell type battery, the electrode do not seem to corrode like a standard dry cell battery..

to show that it is not moisture that is being pulled out of the air and causing a galvanic cell, one can after melting the mixture, and it setting up, seal the cell off completely and avoid any moisture being absorbed at all.. this shows that this cell does not use atmospheric moisture to produce power..

while a normal dry cell may take a few weeks to completely kill over, the crystal cell can last years under load.. in fact there are some that were made in 1999 that as far as i know are still operating.. these are a bit different than the described cell here though.. they consisted of the same 2 metals. but instead of Borax,Epsom salts, potassium chloride, and alum, they consisted of sodium silicate, Epsom Salts, Rochell salts, and that was doped with Galena and iron pyrite..

theoretically the way this cell worked was that the Rochell salts that were once used in crystal microphones has a pezo electric property.. the galena that is sensitive to radio frequencies interacts with the Rochell salts and produces power.. the Epsom salts and Sodium silicate interacts and makes a unique crystal matrix that enhances the output..

this cell also known as the Hutchinson Cell is theorized to work on the Casmir Effect of radiant energy..

the ones that are on this instructable are reported to work in a similar manner, although i can't tell you for sure.. i can tell you that they indeed do produce power primarily in the DC range with a small frequency ripple in the background if using a oscilloscope to test output..

one step however was left out that is not commonly known but is optional.. to fully rectifly and remove all traces of galvanic action the copper tube can be treated to grow a red copper oxide coating.. red copper oxide (also known as cupric oxide) is a semiconductor.. this means it will allow electrons to only flow in one direction and was actually used in copper oxide rectifiers many many years ago..

i treat all my cells with this oxide. although it is not required to work, i do it because i get all pure DC output and it is supposed to remove the galvanic action all together.. i need more citation on this statement though..

but i have built a few over the years, and they do work..

there is a phenomenon that happens to these cells though soon after they are made that seems to be inevitable. i have not found a way to stop it anyway..

but the new cells that are minutes to hours old will show much more current generation than the ones that are weeks to month old.. this means that something happens soon after the cells are made (water evaporation out of the cells? or the copper and magnesium form a barrier layer to protect themselves?)

but the new ones will read somewhere in the 100-200mA range while the old ones will only be in the 15-30mA range.. the falling off does not seem to be a constant thing though. it will fall off to a lower level but will not fall all the way off..

one can even short the cells out for hours or days and then put a meter on them and get a voltage and amperage reading..

but the older cells are also quiet strange in the output of power and voltage.. if using a meter while they are unloaded the voltage and current will fluctuate wildly.. these fluctuations can be as great as .2Vdc in just a few seconds.. the voltage and current will bounce back and forth..

it is theorized that these are stray electrons or frequencies within the cells.. whither they are stray electrons and frequencies picked up from ambient sources remains to be seen.. this would also suggest that it is not a standard galvanic cell as most galvanic actions are stable without any ripple and fluctuations..

but i have one that has been powering the clock in my workshop for the last few months.. i have put meters on it and the voltage will swing around a little but will never fall below a certain point..

i got a cell i made last year that is in the middle of a test right now with a super low drain joule thief circuit.. it has been running 12V of super bright LEDs off a crystal cell for a few days now.. the cell started off at .8Vdc when i started but hs climbed up to 1.04Vdc in this time frame.. the setup cycles and can be heard by the frequency of the circuit varying from high to low every few seconds.. when the sound gets high the voltage swings a little lower and when the sound gets low the voltage climbs.

this might be the same effect i observed with the cell unloaded..

you can make a joule thief using a germanium transistor and it will operate all the way down to .15Vdc or lower.. you can also replace the resistor with a potentiometer and can tune it to where you want it.. using a 2in toroid core, use 60-70turns of #25 wire and about 35-40 turns of #35 or smaller wire for the feedback.. the ones i build have a current draw of only 5-10mA but will run 30V worth of LEDs in series..

but here are some videos of some crystal cell running a radio, a fan, and a clock. in fact the same clock i got in my workshop right now..

but i find to use weight instead of volume to measure everything out makes a better cell.. some materials are actually lighter than the other materials and while they look the same can vary in how much you actually got..

jonasp1 (author)2015-03-17

I made this battery as a part of a science fair project. I've already made two and it seems to work nicely my biggest problem is trying to explain how a infinite source can connect with another. Because 2 regular batteries fill the next in "line"while this is filling one that is already full how does this process work? My first though small creates 1.34 volts!!! Just .21 volts from a AA or a AAA. amazing post even if some one else designed it.

mikes26 (author)2015-02-18

I made it and got no power at all?

SeanR5 (author)2015-01-10

I have an idea I think you would be able to experiment with quite easily since you have the basic "crystal cell battery". The flow of positive (+) and negative (-) through the cell reminds me of the flow of the Searl Generator. I believe if you added two slightly larger copper ring cups outside of one of your existing power cells and filled them with the same power mix as the initial cell, you will find the amplification to be much more powerful than your current single copper ring cup design. If looking at this from the top only, it would resemble a archery target with the bulleye in the middle. I don't mean to say you did it wrong because that it not true, it works. I just think your working prototype can be improved upon. My thinking on this is that by adding a few layers the energy can manifest itself in larger volumes more quickly. The copper ring cups should become magnetized due to the current passing through which will pull everything to the core and serve as an accelerator. Let me know if you consider trying it out. Great video, thanks for sharing!

Pure Carbon (author)SeanR52015-01-10

The video isn't mine, but that idea sounds interesting, I will have to try it.

christine.robinson.5209 (author)2014-12-15

Can you melt all the chemicals and pour it into the copper pipe? I did this in a ceramic cup low temp and got a nice liquid but got no electric current when it dried?

christine.robinson.5209 (author)2014-12-15

Can you melt all the chemicals and pour it into the copper pipe? I did this in a ceramic cup low temp and got a nice liquid but got no electric current when it dried?

f.3 (author)2014-12-02

You have managed to generate some really interesting comments on this instructible! Good job on your project by the way. Though a piece that strikes me curious about something you said in particular.. You said that you achieved Alternating Current from a crystal cell. I have made several of these Crystal Power Cells and I have only been able to record Direct Current from my cells. I have made them using 3/4"x3" copper pipe and have managed to get the same results from a 1" diameter by 3/8" length copper pipe. My best results came from the 1"x3/8" copper pipe and I had drilled and tapped the hole in the magnesium so I could use a machine screw and nut that is Zinc coated. That gave me a replicable 1.42 volts of Direct Current. I will add pictures of these short Crystal Power Cells and what my Kline tools multimeter readouts are for them at a later time. I also keep seeing some people reference these to a battery. They are not a battery. In a battery you "store" a charge in their chemical makeup. In a Capacitor you can also store a charge inside for a use temporarily though you wouldn't call a Capacitor a battery... so far these have been called a Crystal Power Cell and until it is defined more clearly shouldn't be mixed up with either of the other two. Cool thing about these things are that it seems to me that you can get them to be quite small and compact and still achieve the same power output rating. It just seems like you have to put the ingredients together with each other and not have the magnesium and the copper touching together directly. I have also gotten good results using uneven mixtures of the ingredients and the borax seems to do more than one job. Not only does it help the flow of electrons it also acts as an anti corrosion agent. Again good job. .. keep testing!

Kiteman (author)f.32014-12-03

Point of information: until we see any evidence of vibrations or heat being transformed into electricity, the most accurate and honest description of this device is an electrochemical cell, much as any other cheap AA or coin cell.

By the way, I can't seem to see the comment where you claimed to be about to post "proof" that this concept works. Do you have a time-line on that yet?

rimar2000 (author)2014-05-07

In Intro you say: "I was able to get half a volt of AC current". As far as I know, AC stands for Alternate Current. That is understandable if you are getting current from vibrations.

In step 11 you say "the copper is your positive lead and the bolt is your negative one".

There is a conflict among these two sentences, please clear it.

For the rest, good instructable.

AndyN1 (author)rimar20002014-08-28

I am not 100% certain on this aspect but after a little debate with one of the Community Team members I might actually build one soon myself to clear up a few things, but I "think" the main output is dc with an ac ripple riding on top which comes from the frequencies going on with the cell but the dc is coming from a more normal dry cell like opperation without extra circuitry it would only be possible to capture dc or ac at one time but with some high speed diodes in a bridge rectifier config I believe there would be an increase in output? will update when I find the time to check this.

f.3 (author)AndyN12014-12-02

Please let me know what you find out about what you are saying here. I am more than very curious about what comes of it. Or maybe even you could bounce some ideas off of me that I can check out to get this going. I may even be willing to send you a premaid cell if simply making one or a few is what you dont have time for.

rimar2000 (author)f.32014-12-03

I suspect that the AC component that is obtained comes from a nearby or powerful radio station. I noticed that the flashlight starts blinking light when batteries are running low. Suppose contacts under these conditions behave as semiconductors partially, rectifying a part of the radio wave.

rimar2000 (author)rimar20002014-12-03

I observed this effect in the times when I used a lot my flashlight to read in the train. Light variations were not uniform but very similar to that of audio-ritmic lights, ie varying in intensity and frequency as the sound.

Pure Carbon (author)rimar20002014-05-07

thanks for your comment, but I don't see the conflict. Maybe give a little more description.

rimar2000 (author)Pure Carbon2014-05-08

If you have a positive lead, you dont' have AC, you have DC.

And vice versa.

gravityisweak (author)rimar20002014-11-21

To add even more description to that: What rimar2000 is saying, is that if you have AC as you said, there is no such thing as a positive or negative lead.

f.3 (author)2014-12-02

right now you can get a pound of alum from for about $2.99 and you can get potassium chloride from either salt substitute for food which is the expensive way or by picking up a 40lb bag of potassium chloride water softener pellets which after you get what you need for your power cells can be used as a more healthy and productive way to soften your water.

christine.robinson.5209 (author)2014-12-01

Why do you use a screw? Can you just hook up to the magnesium

The screw makes it easier to attach a wire to, you can hook it up to the magnesium but it's harder to do.

atilladolphun (author)2014-09-15

ok cool ill definately rember that. the crystal battery i made was using a small straw peace that was about half or just under half the size of a tripple a battery. i made 6 cells wen not under load they had produced 4.6 volts of power and under load i was getting about 1.2 volts maby a bit less. still it is a awesom project to play with i definately encorage pepole to try this project.

atilladolphun (author)2014-09-13

i put togeather the non heated battery and it worked beutifuly though i think i wound up messing up i added water to it to increes the voltage output and apperently the water and salt solution ate up the magnezium. all and all it worked wonderfuly. i need to figure out the circut that will build up the charge then dump it in to a larger cap to make a verry usefull self charging flashlight.

yay, puting water into the cell will activate the galvanic effect which will cause the battery to cerode. If you create a joule thief circuit it will regulate the voltage so that it will be able to power an LED. Thanks for the comment.

r-philp (author)2014-05-07

In this instructible I'm seeing salts and dissimilar metals. This sounds like the classic formula for an electro-chemical cell. I suspect that the salts' natural hydrophilic properties are pulling water out of the atmosphere to moisten the electrolyte. I expect that it probably does provide a small DC current, that improves in a damp atmosphere. Eventually you should find corrosion on the inside surfaces of the metal as the anode and cathode are consumed. Once these are all consumed, the cell will stop producing electricity, just like any other battery.

The "science" seems a bit sketchy. The author claims in the third paragraph that it produces AC current, and in the conclusion states that the copper is the positive terminal, and the bolt is negative. Which is it? AC or DC?

Not a bad start for an instructible, good pictures, but it could use some tweaking.

toms1 (author)r-philp2014-08-28

an old meter with worn out cap could fail to filter out DC on the AC scale so he was likely getting 1 volt plus DC this mistake does not invalidate the claim and just means his measurement was lower then what really present stop picking on simple mistakes and start pointing them out and work with the info we have such as 1 volt plus DC could be 1.3 volts for all we know

Pure Carbon (author)r-philp2014-05-07

AC, because the waves produce alternating current.

Krinkov (author)2014-05-11

This is the creator of the "crystal cell"

Pure Carbon (author)Krinkov2014-05-12

I typed that in, and it said the page wasn't found?

Krinkov (author)Pure Carbon2014-05-18

The site works for me. Try searching for "hutchinson fraud" on google. Also, the reason you are getting a somewhat angry response to your instructable is due to people falling for hoaxes perpetrated by people such as Hutchinson. The guy just babbles scientific sounding terms to explain his hoaxes. We get angry because we don't want young impressionable minds such as yours becoming tainted by frauds on the internet.

If you would like to learn about something that does actually generate electrical power from heat, look up peltier junctions and the thermoelectric effect on google.

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