Watch the movie first (Step 1) then you can go through the detailed instructions.
Here are the steps:
1. Buy the blanks
2. Prepare blanks for dying
4. Prepare dress for printing
5. Prepare fabric patch for printing
6. Design and carve block print
7. Ink the block
8. Print the patch
9. Heat set patch
10. Sew onto dress
11. Trim dress
And here is a list of supplies (can be purchase from Dharma Trading Co. and PRO Chemical):
1. Some item to dye, t-shirt, etc. (fabric should be cotton, rayons, linens, or hemp)
2. Procion dye
3. Soda Ash (or other dye fixative)
6. Some buckets
7. Rubber Bands
8. Synthrapol detergent (very concentrated pre- and after wash detergent for dying)
1. Cotton fabric
2. Screen printing ink
3. Print supplies: brayer, ink plate, rubber or linoleum block
1. Sewing machine
3. Pom pom trim (for this dress)
Step 1: The Movie
Step 2: Clothing Blank
Here I am dying several infant lap tee long sleeve dresses, 100% cotton jersey, from Dharma.
Step 3: Bind With Rubber Bands, Soak and Prepare Dye Bath
Dissolve salt in warm water. The amount depends on the weight of the fabric and the dye. Here I am using about 1/2 cup. When I use the washing machine, I use from 2-5 cups per load, depending on the color.
While the salt is dissolving, measure the dye using the proportions from your dye manufacturer. (I experimented a lot at first before getting the colors I wanted. And light colors are easier than dark). I mix my dry dye with a cup of hot water first.
For this batch, I think I have about a pound of fabric, maybe less. For this color dye, I will need about 1-1/2 tablespoons (if you want to be more accurate you should weigh the dye, this would be about .38 ounces). Each dye color has a different proportion and then you may even want to vary that to increase or decrease the color intensity.
When your fabric is rubber banded, soak in a bucket of regular water (not the salt water)
Step 4: Mix the Dye
Mix well, then add add the rubber banded fabric.
Stir and agitate the fabric constantly to disperse the dye evenly.
(NOTE: I am doing this in a bucket but if you have a large amount of items to dye, use the washing machine, you will need to adjust portions and make sure you watch the machine and don't let the water drain until you are finished)
Step 5: WAIT and STIR
Step 6: Dye Activator
Dissolve a dye activator (or soda ash) in a cup or two of hot hot water. (you can buy this from the two previously mentioned suppliers in step 2)
Remove the clothes from the dye bath and place in another bucket.
Add the completely dissolved (important to completely dissolve the activator in water) activator to the dye bath and mix well.
Place the clothes back in the dye with activator bucket and stir/agitate again for about 30 minutes (longer for darker dyes).
Now rinse and wash. Rinse until the water runs clear.
After rinsing, wash the clothes in Synthrapol and hot water. Synthrapol removes any last lingering dye that might be in the cloth.
Step 7: SOME SAFETY NOTES
Also, get a good pair of chemical resistant gloves to wear for the dye process.
Step 8: The Block Print
Using PFD cotton fabric (Dharma Trading is a good source for this), I tie dye the fabric using a hot pink dye, going through the same steps as I did for the dress.
When the fabric is dyed and dry, iron to prepare for printing.
Design and carve your print (I used a rubber block for the PEACE design, linoleum or any other print object would work).
Using textile screen printing ink on an inking surface (here is a metal plate, you can use anything really) roll the brayer in the ink to get a smooth, even consistency.
Roll the ink onto the rubber block design, photo shows a good inked design.
Step 9: Print the Patch, Sew
Let dry several hours, then heat set the print using a hot iron:
Cover the print with another piece of cotton and iron for 3-5 minutes, moving the iron over the fabric without stopping.
Then, cut into squares and fold the edges under and iron a small hem so the patch is ready to sew onto the dress.
Step 10: Sew
Pin the pom pom trim along the dress hem and stitch.