I had a lot of leftover 1x2s, 2x4s, 2x3s, underlayment, etc. in my shop that I didn't have space for, so I decided to build a tilt out trash cabinet. The sizes of wood I had on hand helped determine the dimensions of the cabinet rather than best design practice. No real planning was done other than trying to use up the pile of wood.
Step 1: Trash Holder
Build a frame that will accommodate a trash can.
Step 2: Shelf
Screw a shelf to the bottom of the frame for the can to sit on.
Step 3: Cabinet Frame
Build a cabinet frame to house the trash shelf.
Step 4: Back
Staple underlayment to the back of the cabinet frame.
Step 5: Tilt
Drill holes through the front of the two frames and secure to one another with bolts. This allows the shelf to tilt out. You can also use hinges for this step with the advantage that you do not need space beneath the door for the door to tilt forward.
Step 6: Sides/Top
Staple underlayment to the sides and top of the cabinet frame.
Step 7: Finishing
Screw finishing wood over the corners and gaps.
Step 8: Front
Attach finishing wood to the front of the cabinet and door.
Step 9: Poly
Polyurethane the underlayment.
Step 10: Prime
Prime the finishing wood.
Step 11: Paint
Paint the finishing wood.
Step 12: Handle
Attach a handle to the door.
Step 13: Trash
Throw out the trash.