Introduction: Turn Computer Power Supply Into Car Audio

This is my first instructable, so bear with me. I turned a computer power suppy into a 12v power supply for a car stereo deck.

Step 1: Getting Tools and Materials Together

Start off by getting:
Power Supply
Car Stereo Deck
Screw Driver (i used a drill)
Wire Cutters
Wire Strippers
Black tape
Beverage of Your Choice (I got a Diet Coke)

Step 2: Disassemblely of Power Supply and Wire Codeing

Start by taking the fan out, fallowed by the cover, next, find the green wire, you have to make sure the supply will turn on like it should. Plug the supply in and turn on the switch in the back (if there is one). Take a piece of wire and short the green wire to any black wire. These are located in the large motherboard connector. If the internal fan turns on, you are all set. If not, this particular model probably needs one or more of the voltage supplies (either the 12v, 3.3v, or 5v) loaded somewhat for the circuitry to work. I took a switch and wired it in because my power supply does not have a switch.

Wire Coding:
Yellow = 12v
Red = 5v
Orange = 3.3v
Black = Ground

I only needed 12v so i only used yellow,green and black.

Step 3: Wiring the Stereo Deck

Here there should be an red and yellow wore coming out of the deck, those two go to a yellow wire from the deck, the orange is for the display lights, and the yellow is for overall power. Hook up your speakers as normally, and enjoy.

Step 4: Final

Finally, tape all your wires, check your wiring, plug in and see if it works, if you turn the power supply on and the internal fan comes on but the deck does not, try to find a power button on your deck, if that doesn't work un-plug your power supply, wait 10 minutes for the capacitors to drain, and check your wiring. if that still doesn't work, either your power supply is no good, or its your stereo deck.

Video will be up very soon.

Comments

author
rgardner4 (author)2011-07-12

i did all this put my power supply still didnt turn on

author
KieranR4 (author)rgardner42015-10-20

More common is that some power supplies require the 5v always on rail to have a load. So basically if you put a bulb or a decent 10w resistor between purple and ground then try to touch green+black... then the PSU will turn on. I had this issue and got it working. Took a lot of Googling. In then end I just got another PSU because it's a pain to wire up.

author
mybabyciv (author)KieranR42016-11-27

Jump the green and black wire on the motherboard hookup, it'll turn on then

author
Erind (author)rgardner42013-07-30

Some power supplies require an ACPI signal from the motherboard. I'm sure that can be shorted to not require ACPI, but that's over my head.

author
binodpanda66 (author)2016-05-30

Dear Revotrx3 thanx for ur sharing... But i have lost my harness and also harness diagram.... I think my car stereo's harness matches ur one.... So, i would be grateful if u send me ur harness diagram....My email is binodpanda66@gmail.com ...Thank you...

author
Ziaius (author)2015-03-04

Nice job! :) I am almost there too, but at the moment I have PSU connected to car stereo. And there is an issue already. Through the speakers there is loud noise - audio volume doesn't affect it. Noise is there when I play music from my laptop using 3.5 audio cable And laptop is connected to the mains for charging.

I think that's what's called ground loop noise. And people suggest buying ground loop isolators for audio cables (typically RCA). Or one can build it with two 600 Ohms transformers with 1:1 ratio.
But! People also say that it reduces audio quality. Which I would like to avoid if I can.

SO. I wonder could I break my ground loop where I connect PSU to Car Stereo (12v and ground)?

Any suggestions? Does your emit noise under the same conditions?

author
tjdux (author)Ziaius2015-04-28

plug your laptop into an outlet that goes back to a different circuit than the psu is connected to. I have had luck with that but had to use an extension cord

author
russ_hensel (author)2015-01-09

Just a note to let you know I have added this instructable to the collection:
Encyclopedia of ATX to Bench Power Supply Conversion
>> https://www.instructables.com/id/Encyclopedia-of-ATX-to-Bench-Power-Supply-Conversi/
Take a look at about 70 different approaches to this project.

author
scott_shot (author)2012-06-29

so how do i know how high powered an amp my psu can handle?

author
Erind (author)scott_shot2013-07-30

Watts / Volts = Amps

So if it's a 200 watt Power Supply Unit (PSU) and you're pulling 12 volts

200 watts / 12 volts = X Amps = 16.667 Amps

author
snapaul (author)2012-06-27

If you want to know what each wire means, go to my website.:
http://shanedude02.webs.com/
The image for the wire meanings is at:
http://shanedude02.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoid=158757465

author
scatlin (author)2012-04-03

Is it possible to power a car amp with a server power supply? Server powers supplies are way cheaper. thanks

author
cloudchaos (author)2011-01-23

I know no one has commented in a while but I feel I need to explain the shorting of the green wire (grey on some dells) with the black ground. doing so is the same as pressing the power button on your computer.

author
dvela85 (author)2010-01-25

how many watts minimum does the power supply need to be

author
benenarmor (author)dvela852011-01-23

You need to look at the AMPs that the 12v rail puts out. Usually they are around 14 or less for little power supplies. You should get one that is at least 25, and you still wouldn't be able to use the radio to its fullest potential then. Around 30-50 would be great, but that can get expensive.

author
Yerboogieman (author)dvela852010-02-02

350 worked well for me, I tried a 200 and it tends to cut out at high volume.

author
mr. clean (author)2009-10-07

<p>Hey !!! if u need a power supply for this project you can usually find one on ebay for like 1 or 2 dollars but u cant allways buy right away =(</p>

author
twocvbloke (author)2009-03-19

I used a 150w supply once to power my basic Sony radio, and if I turned up the volume a little over a quarter, the PSU cut out, which was a pain in the butt as the speakers I use are rather weak and need good volume to be able to hear anything... :( Plus the fan is (well, was, the PSU is dead) annoying, I like quiet when I have music playing, which is why I often wear my headphones, but a radio is handy to have by the bed... :)

author
DIY Dave (author)twocvbloke2009-08-24

You could wire in a switch on the + wire that goes to the power supply's fan so that the fan would only run when you turned the switch on, but I wouldn't sugest running like that for long.

author
twocvbloke (author)DIY Dave2009-08-25

That is true, but as you say, it might not like it for too long and would cut out. A thermistor and a relay could work for this, when the thermistor gets hot, it turns on the relay and the fan, and when it's cool, cuts the fan off... :)

author
twocvbloke (author)twocvbloke2009-03-19

Oh, just a quick suggestion, if your PSU has a power switch on the rear, just join the Green wire to a ground wire and use the switch to power it up, this way the PSU is not actually running (basically waiting for the green wire to be shorted for it to power up) which saves energy... :)

author
imdumasafool (author)2009-06-19

Could we get a video tutorial or somethin? cause im not trying to shock myself

author
alatony (author)imdumasafool2009-07-19

did u ever find a tutorial? Im still lost. I dont have a power button on my power supply, I dont even know what wires to use. I need help bad. Im a bit slow on electronics.

author
DIY Dave (author)alatony2009-08-24

First of all wire a switch between the green and a black wire, this is to turn the power supply on and off; when you switch the switch on the power supply will come on. Then conect a yellow wire to the + (positive) power input on the car stereo and a black wire to the - (negative) power input on the car stereo. You shouldn't need any of the other wires, so you can cut them off if you want.

author
acer5050 (author)2009-02-05

It is safe to short the wires but it is not safe at all to open the supply even if you know what your doing and its not plugged in its too dangerous... As far as shorting the wires theres less than and amp and only 5v of power running on the green wire, and btw if you have a dell power supply with no green wire short the gray wire instead.. I suggest you look up a schematic though just in case... I'm using my power supply to run a cb radio, and I'm getting another one to power my 200Watt powered sub

author
evanwehrer (author)2008-08-28

Cool! To bad I don't have a car stereo!

author
ReCreate (author)evanwehrer2008-12-19

ive found someone throwing a way 2 car radios,2 normal speakers,2 weird loking speakers(all of then worked my the way) 2 computers 1 computer monitor 1 tv and a huge piece of furniture(almost brought it for myself)

author
Revotrx3 (author)ReCreate2008-12-19

Cool!

author
Revotrx3 (author)evanwehrer2008-08-28

Thanks!

author
attilam (author)2008-10-24

Running the power supply with the cover off can be pretty dangerous. Unless I'm missing something big, there's mains power running around inside that thing. It gets worse when you then instruct people to short two wires. I know they're not carrying mains, but should the inexperienced be poking around in there at all? I understand this step can be done safely, but only if you know what you're doing. I would hate to see someone young (or not!) seeing this and thinking it was safe to do.

author
Yerboogieman (author)2008-09-12

im looking around looking for ideas for my bike trailer, i want to put subs, a stereo, speakers, a capacitor and an amp then im gonna buy new cold cathode tubes.

author
BlakeShikari (author)2008-08-29

I like the crouch shot in Step 3

author
Revotrx3 (author)BlakeShikari2008-08-30

Umm, Thanks?....

author
wierd idiot (author)2008-08-27

not bad but you need way more detail. :) hope this helps in the future.

author
crapflinger (author)wierd idiot2008-08-28

i agree a little...maybe better titles for some steps...like the disassembly step...should be named "power supply disassembly" so you know not to take apart your radio

author
Revotrx3 (author)2008-08-27

What do you mean?

author
Sandisk1duo (author)2008-08-27

Not very efficient : (

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