First of all i want to apologise for any grammar mistakes, and any other mistakes in writting caus i used google translate to translate all text that you will see here ( Engl is not my native languge so i wrote all in my languge than translated it ). I will trie to fix all things that are not translated , also dont laugh if you read onion instead of bow beacus in my country they mean same thing, also acacia caus g.t. is mixing it with b. locust. 

As we know (primarily based on the experience of our ancestors) black locust is extremely durable wood, in every sense: solid, hard, Non-susceptible to decay and insects, long lasting and tough. On that basis by many as a perfect wood for bows. The answer is there somewhere in between, yes and no. Black locust tree is very specific in terms of bow's, because of the special way of making and because of the mechanical properties of wood. I'll try to explain in this tutorial that details the process of development can and critical points in it that need special attention.

First, to clarify the properties of black locust wood .... Wood species vary in compresional tension and endurance. Example: If you take a piece of wood in the shape of the rod and bend it into a semi-circular outer part of his suffering, increasing its length stretching and compression of the inner and reducing their length. This phenomenon is happening at such a small scale that is invisible to the naked eye but it is a crucial factor in making bows. If the piece of wood we continue to bend the will inevitably come to a permanent deformation of the play. What happens in a kind of strong tension (most sawmills): As their name suggests, their fibers better than stretching suffer compaction. Because the outer part to withstand bending but on the inside to collapse, ie. zgnječiće because the wood fibers are not as able to withstand compaction, compression. With heavy compression types (mainly conifers) are going the other way around: since the fibers are more resistant to compaction it will stand on the inside of the suffering compaction but will break a piece to the part that suffers stretching outside. Very rare species collapse at the same time, are equally strong and compression and tension. The most imbowsant factor here is the thickness of the piece that moves: 1mm thick sheet of veneer can bend the roll and not crack because the thin, but with increasing wall thickness increases the problem that we're talking. The first picture explains this current exhibition.

Step 1:

This introductory part is not only important for the development of bow's below have to understand the essence of thebow's: Wood shall in no way be overloaded because it will break.

Where is all this locust? He has very good compression, the fibers well suffer compaction. But the tension is even better so that experimental piece still hurt by the compression of fibers. The only solution (except for the few exceptional situations) is to hold a piece of black locust as onions, thin and wide, to reduce the negative effects of compression on the belly of fiber ports. Black locustalso has another problem (in a row) that will always inflict LUKAR problem: if too overwhelming the fibers of the stomach, we compress them too much it will be irreversibly damaged, and this will be evident in the form of stretch marks on the cross piece. For other types of fibers are more or less recover if zagibamo piece too, but at a certain place at Locust NE-he does not forgive mistakes when making such a different kind. One of the first tips: press not too many pieces, the motion must be spread on the entire length of the working harbor.

Making a play for the port must be sufficiently dry. It is understood that about 10% moisture wood. It can be measured by carpenter moisture meter (unreliable method determines the most part wood surface moisture) or holding a piece of black locust in the area where the humidity is 55% and the air temperature is 20-30 C (operating with the U.S. Institute for wood) until you stop losing weight (weight control digital kitchen libra ). Black locust should be split before drying or hatchet and other tools of awareness to the approximate dimensions of the port to be dried as soon as possible, DO NOT REMOVE BARK! We can expect a dry piece somewhere in a month, a story of many years of drying the ordinary fiction, because libra is that tells us everything. One of the most optimal design for bow black locust is pyramidal. What does that mean-bow has a narrow handle and a non-working, thick enough not moving and narrow enough to be comfortable to grip. Handle is made from a light switch on the arm of the future port-they should be in the final state of at least 5 cm wide. Means that the rough shape before drying can leave them at 6 cm wide, we reduce the rest when it starts production. Length with handle day-to-spoke crossings could be about 20 cm. The total bow length should not be less than 1.7 m. Short tapering directly from the widest part of the areas that should be no more than a wide 10-12mm in final form. Because of their shape and are therefore called pyramid bow. One of the advantages of the pyramid bow is its nearly constant thickness of the arms (we explain when we get that far).

When the piece is dry first stage is peeling. It is easily removed by knife . Coarse tore it to pieces. I say rough-no need to be too careful in tree bark (unless no nodes) as the first layer of wood under the bark, sapwood, waste from the game: a few sapwood rings and only have a pith beneath it that we need to create port . Around the node we remove sapwood maximum caution.
I would like to help you translate this excellent bow carving instructable. <br>Right now it is not so good. I could rewrite it and have you fix the words, if you would like. <br>I am a writer and my son has an interest in archery. <br>Please contact me at binell (at) earthlink.net <br>Thanks. <br>rich <br>ps-Where are you located? I'm in California. <br>Pps- When you reply to me, you can delete my email address here please.
Im located in Serbia, in europe. Well i dont know if its ok to fix it while it is in contest or it doesent matter ?
<p>Thanks,it was very usefull.</p>
<p>i will make one soon</p>
<p>this is an amazing tutorial and a beautiful bow. i started reading this because i wish to make a black locust bow; i have a good stand of it on my property. lots of articles on osage orange and hickory self bows in the USA but few using black locust. even the &quot;bowyer's bible&quot; series of books do not address this wood in detail for bow making.</p><p>your craftsmanship is superb and the instructions are excellent. yes some translation improvement would help but after reading twice, printing and making penciled corrections i am very comfortable with this instructable.</p><p>when you mentioned english not being your native language and using google translate my initial impression was you were an exchange student; your photos did not give any indication of your locale. looks most like any shop/work area i have seen. i was surprised when i read in the comments of siberia being your home. i will use siberian instructions to make a bow in kentucky!!!!!</p><p>thanks</p><p>the old gray dog</p>
This is the best bow instructable out there at the time!
Excellent, just excellent.
Very, very nice work mate! I'll vote for you, this is ART!
thx :)
i have a very good friend who tought me how to make bow. He is from Monstak !!! Anyway now he is 87 yo and during war he killed many enemies with his bow.....all made by the cedar wood
well bows and crossbows are still good wep;s caus they are rly silent and dont give out position. Many armys still have xbows and bows as weps for special operations. My coach once told me that an arrow can penetrate west that guns could not, becaus arrows havesteel point and weight of arrow just increases damage done
I saw a documentary the other day about why the Mongol invasion reached Europe. It was successful in part because of their bows - which went twice as far as the English crossbow of the times. It was made of Yak horn and bamboo. The middle part was made of the former, and pieces of bamboo where fastened to both ends at an angle. The bow was then strung in the opposite direction of the angle of the bow. <br> <br>In addition, each soldier had 5 types of arrows with different functions. One wistled - meant to scare the enemy. Others were more for distance. Another could pierce armor. <br> <br>(Also, their armor was many times lighter - a total of 20 lbs - the European armor was 100lbs! The trick was making their armor out of SILK. Yep, you read that right: Silk because a soldier could survive a wound much better. The biggest danger of getting hit by an arrow was the barb. When pulled out, it caused a nastier wound that would bleed much more. But a silk barrier could be removed by simply pulling on the silk - which was resistant enough to the arrow edges to remain whole.) <br> <br>Again - Chinese technology of the time was mostly way more advanced than Europe's in the 12th century.
While back, when i was training archery, my coach told me story about turkish bows and about their emepror. He told me that he had bow made from horns to so strong that he shot one arrow from his palace which flew about 2 miles . Also american indians were making something similar with horns, they could kill a buffalo and female buffalo beside him with one arrow
Good one Chuck, that must be basically how the Native American Indians lamanated Their Bows, with Sinue I beleve.?
The reason that Google Translate was having &quot;issues&quot; with Acacia and Black Locust is because they're the same thing. Plants have all sorts of different names depending on where you're at. Tolkien even mentioned it in The Lord of the Rings.
g.t. is mixing it it translates it to acacia , but when you translate it back it stas acacie :D
YES ! The tool is called an &quot;adze&quot; in English too ! <br> <br>This is a common tool with &quot;timber-framers&quot;. It is also called an &quot;adze&quot; in Japanese too. <br>
uh thx :D . I heard from some one around here that it is Turkish word :)
Well least we know now that the world languages have at lease one word in common. lol the humble &quot;adze&quot;
Some authorities claim that wood is always far stronger in tension than compression, while others see no difference. A partial compresson failure weakens the wood for subsequent tension. Spanish Yew was used for the English Longbow, but was not suitable in warmer climates. A bow that is initially curved backwards is more effective, because the string tension averages higher during use.
Italian yew was preferred
In the late 50's I bought an English Long Bow for $ .25 &quot;cents&quot; It was broken because the kid I bought it from tryed to string it using a car bumper. I repaired it with a 8&quot; strap of metal, fly line, and friction tape. I was about 12 and could only draw a 28&quot; arrow, but it would drill an arrow thru about 6 Highlander &quot;Tin&quot; beer cans full of water sometimes without tipping most of them over.. I was out with it once and some friends playing in a Haystack hollered to shoot an arrow, it was about 250 yards + I could barley hear them, I chose the curved bent arrow and held very high and let fly, after a few seconds they jumped down. Later One gave the arrow back to Me, It had went into a bale aabout 6&quot; above His back - KIDS - YUP.! Where do them beautys go.?
Well you can make bow from almost every wood. Every wood has it good sides and bad sides,and some forgive mistakes while others don't. :)
It is called a adze in English, well it's called that in Australia anyway, and btw nice instructable.
Vote! Thanks for the great instructable. It is nice to know that you can correct small mistakes in the wood with steam.
Already voted, nice Instructable, for the difficult times ahead...
thx :)
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Oh, I tried to reply in Serbian script but it didn't work.<br> <br> Anyhoo, great Instructable and really nice pictures.
thx, cirilic doesent work here :D
Пич, да не си българин?
im not a bulgarian, im serbian :)
ti si razumeo nesto ovde &quot;8G, 40 =5 A8 1J;30@8=?&quot; ?
da, na mail sam otvorio i bilo otkucano cirilicom
http://www.primitivearcher.com/pages/community.html <br> <br>Check it out. You'll find lots to interest you.
thx, i already know for this site :)
Awesome! I so want to make one! Great instructable!
Well i would recomend to start with ash or elm, because like i said earlier it does not forgive mistakes like they do, for starter bow you should start with them and later you can make with any wood you like :) <br>Also ppl if you can vote for me i would rly apreciate it thx :)
Nice. Black locust is an underutilized wood. It's good to see someone using productively. Where I live in Illinois, black locust is considered a &quot;trash&quot; tree, and is usually only used as fence posts.
Well around here is one of better woods for bow. But it does not forgive any mistakes like elm, ash or other woods.
WOW, what a bow!

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