Two Transistor LED Flasher Circuit

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Introduction: Two Transistor LED Flasher Circuit

How to make a circuit to make two LEDs flash back and forth.  This is also called a free running multivibrator.

Step 1: The Parts

For this project you'll need the following:

-PNP transistor x2 Q1, Q2
-4.7-22 uf capacitor x2 C1, C2
-470 ohm resistor x2 R1, R2
-100k ohm resistor x2 R3, R4
-5mm LED (any color) x2 LED1, LED2
-Solid core wire, 22 gauge
-Prototyping Breadboard
-4 AA holder x1
-

Step 2: Insert the Transistors

The transistors leads were to close together, so using needle nose pliers I bent them to fit in the breadboard.  Insert the transistors two rows away from each other.  Insert it so the rounded side is facing outwards and the side with the letters is facing towards the breadboard. 

Step 3: Circuit Diagram


Step 4: Assemble the Circuit


Step 5: Troubleshooting

If the circuit fails to operate:

-Check if the transistor is in backwards
-Make sure that they are both PNP transistors
-Make sure that the LEDs and capacitors are not in backwards
-Be sure that none of the bare leads are coming in contact with one another

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    28 Discussions

    In your schematic the caps are backwards. A charged cap in series with the power supply is the only way to reverse the bias on these transistors. When the capacitor discharges the transistor will turn on and place the charged capacitor in series with the power supply turning off the other transistor.

    It works because two transistors are not identical, due to imperfections and manufacturing issues, thus one of them starts conducting current befoer the other, and the cycle begins.

    1 reply

    That explains why I cannot get this to work in cicuits.io. :) In circuits.io, transistors are perfectly identical so they both conduct at the same time.

    0
    user
    AtulV8

    2 years ago

    Made it! But LEDs are blinking too much fast.

    Are these really suppose to be PNP transistors? All the other tutorials I've seen use NPN (http://wild-bohemian.com/electronics/flasher.html)

    you rocked dude

    I did this and with the proper functioning transistors I got it to work. Then I replaced the diodes with a speaker and replaced the values for C1 to 4.7 uf and C2 to 10 uf.

    This made a simple buzzer. I am thinking of adding a 555 timer to it to adjust the buzzer.

    Can you explain me please why the LED's are flashing one each at a time and not both of them in the same time ?I don't understand why the capacitor are not charging and discharging in the same time.

    [sory for the english] i want to know these things because in the electonics shop want this parametres PNP transistor -model and evretyng for them
    -4.7-22 uf capacitor-V=?
    -470 ohm resistor -W=?they works
    -100k ohm resistor -W=?they works
    PLS HELP

    1 reply

    I want to make sure are the values of the two capacitors are 22 microFarad and 4.7 microFarad or not? Also these are npn transistors right or pnp?
    Please reply soon and I really appreciate your efforts and creating and uploading such helpful ideas.

    1 reply

    what i meant is the values of the capacitors can be any where from 4.7 to 22. they can probably be any value but that is what i experimented with. the transistors are pnp.

    I connected everything perfectly but as soon as I am connectingthe circuit to power supply, both the LEDs are ltting up at once and not blinking at all. I have rewired everything gazillions of times but I thin that there is some major thing that I am not able to see. I am in desperate need of help.

    Is anybody else having trouble with this? I used (2) 2n3906 transistors and said caps and resistors. Only one led lights up. No shorts. I've rewired it numerous times. Same prob. Could it be my capacitors? Im using (2) 22uf capacitors rated for up to 50 volts...not sure if my lingo is correct here. I also tried a similar circuit from Forrest Mims... no dice! Somebody pleas help!