Step 1: Why Bitcoin?
First off Bitcoin is decentralized, there is no overarching controller of the currency, the information about the transactions are held by everyone in the network. Next bitcoin transactions are recorded anonymously. This means that people can see that bitcoins are being traded, but the recorded transaction does not have a name attached. Lastly bitcoin is a worldwide currency and has a constant rate between countries. This allows people regardless of borders to trade funds easily.
If you think you could benefit from bitcoins or just want to geek out on the next cool thing, setting up bitcoin is an easy process.
Step 2: Setting up BitCoin
Next just run the program, you will soon see an increase in the number of "blocks" these blocks are all of the transactions that exsist in the bitcoin world. Before you start mining your client needs to download all of these blocks.
The main part of your bitcoin experience will be your bitcoin address, this will be what you send to people when you make transfers and vis versa. Another part will be your "wallet" which is in your settings file for bitcoin. This keeps all of your bitcoin data, so keep it safe and keep a copy of it somewhere.
Once the blocks are downloaded, you can test bitcoin by using the bitcoin faucet. The faucet can be found here. It will send you .02 bitcoins to test your setup. You will see the transaction in your main window soon after requesting them.
Now that you verified its working, time to make some money! Just select settings > generate coins and you're done
Step 3: The big waiting game
This is because the way bitcoin works. With bitcoin your CPU (Central Processing Unit) or (Graphical Processing Unit, much faster) is being used to solve complex problems, once solved, you have the chance at receiving 50 bit coins. Yet it seems that this distribution of coins is few and far between so you have to keep bitcoin running for a while to work.
If this waiting game isn't for you you may want to look into Shared Mining
Step 4: Shared Mining
When the reward is received, all miners get a cut. Its currently the only way i've heard of to see progress within bitcoin world.
The only problem is it's a little difficult to set up. If you're interested in Bitcoin mining, check out this site: http://btcmine.com/
Step 5: Final Thoughts
Bitcoin is very different in this way. There is, sadly, no way to have instant gratification by seeing quick results. Bitcoin takes work, and in that may turn people off from even attempting to gather coins. It seems like the best way to get coins at this point is to offer something and sell it for bitcoins.
Also bitcoins have a huge inflation rate (as of this writing 1 bitcoin = about 10 USD), will this hurt the Bitcoin? only time will tell but one thing is for sure that the bitcoin has already created a culture of people deicated to this idea. With that i'm sure we will see some interesting things coming out of the world of Bitcoin.