Introduction: Universal Remote Using ESP8266(Wifi Controlled)

Picture of Universal Remote Using ESP8266(Wifi Controlled)

This project is to replace the conventional remote control for all the home appliances like AC, TV, DVD players, music system, SMART appliances !!! Making a whole junk of remote littering around, making us puzzle!!!

This project will save us from the junk to remotes by replacing all by ONE REMOTE!

2 part of this project:

  • DECODING ANY REMOTE
  • ENCODING ESP8266 NODEMCU 1.0(ESP-12E module) or any esp8266 version with a ttl connection

IMPORTANT : PLEASE READ THE WHOLE PROJECT THOROUGHLY IT WILL TAKE 3MINS BUT DON'T HALF-READ AND DAMAGE YOUR PARTS.... I WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE!!

Step 1: Configuring Nodemcu With Arduino IDE

Picture of Configuring Nodemcu With Arduino IDE
  • First of all connect the Nodemcu (my one is lolin v3, amica and other clones will work too) with computer or laptop.
  • Now install the driver of nodemcu(google search will help).
  • After this open the Arduino IDE (Ofcourse you need to download it and install it)
  • Click on "Tools" on Arduino toolbar
  • Click on "Board"
  • Select "Board Manager" and search for esp8266 install it (will take some time to finish)
  • Now, select "Sketch" from arduino toolbar
  • Select "Include Library" from there select "Manage libraries"
  • Search for "IRremoteESP8266" and install it

Now the configuration is done only from "Tools" we need to go to "Boards" Select "NodeMcu 1.0(ESP 12-E)" or something else version of ESP8266.

Step 2: DECODING a Remote |CIRCUIT | Code

Picture of DECODING a Remote |CIRCUIT | Code

So, to make a universal remote we need to decode the other remotes i.e. to get IR hexadecimal codes emitted by each button of remotes. Just like to speak universally we need to know every language!!! OR learn English! Though I love my mother tongue Bengali the sweetest language!! REALLY it is, search it...

So components needed to decode a remote:

  • Nodemcu board
  • TSOP1738 IR reciever or some other IR recievers
  • jumpers

Now, follow the above circuit but after uploading the sketch to the nodemcu through Arduino.

  • Open Arduino and connect the nodemcu to laptop or computer
  • From "Files" select example go down and from IRremoteESP8266 select the IRrecvDump
  • Upload to nodemcu

Connect the TSOP1738 to Nodemcu as the circuit and open the "serial monitor" from Arduino to see the decoded hex-code of any remote as pictures given above. Still uploading the code

Step 3: Encoding Nodemcu | CIRCUIT

Picture of Encoding Nodemcu | CIRCUIT

After decoding the remotes now it's turn to upload the hex-codes to Nodemcu so that it can give IR led commands to emit those hex-code signals.

  • NOTE: can't connect IR led directly to Nodemcu cause it can't deliver enough current.
  • So need transistor moderated IR LED i.e. signal from Nodemcu goes to transistor then IR LED.
  • Transistor like 2N222, 2N3904,BC547 works but

Transistor 2N222,2N3904 collector current : 600mA

Transistor BC547 collector current : 100mA

both works...

CAUTION SEE THE COLLECTOR, EMITTER, BASE TERMINALS as BC547 and 2N222 have different convention. I have used BC547 as it is easily available and works fine.

Code is taken from "IRremoteESP8266" examples "IRserver" modified accordingly as shown in picture.

circuit as shown. Please NOTE I have used BC547 transistor and NO resistance between base and D2 pin.

THE COLLECTOR, EMITTER, BASE ARE INDICATED IN PICTURE. DON'T DO THE SAME FOR OTHER TRANSISTORS.

Step 4: Encoding Code

Picture of Encoding Code

I have taken the code from examples of "IRremoteESP8266", "IRserver".

But there are some changes to be done your wifi credentials - Wifi ssid, Wifi password

The Web server based codes(yellow highlighted) - This codes are the decimal form of the hexadecimal IR codes. This decimal values are passed to ESP8266 as arguments converted to hex-code and transmitted to IR LED.

IMPORTANT : AFTER DECODING A REMOTE BUTTON CONVERT THE HEXADECIMAL CODE TO DECIMAL AND REPLACE IT IN THE Arduino program. Its not very hard to convert hex to decimal, search google for online hexadecimal to decimal converter.

images are self-explanatory!!!

Step 5: CONTROLLING

Picture of CONTROLLING

We can control it through the web server links... the IP of ESP8266 module on our router can be known by opening the serial monitor just after uploading the code. As in picture mine is 192.168.0.1

On opening this IP in any browser of mobile or laptop we can see the page as shown in picture.

OR ELSE FOR CONVENIENCE and simplicity we can use a android app...

"HTTP REQUEST SHORTCUT" app and do write the address to easily execute the code. As in picture, we can add widget on home screen to easily access the virtual buttons and get the necessary remote buttons.

Pictures are self explanatory.

SO WITHOUT WRITING IN THE PROGRAM WE CAN PASS THE ARGUMENT "CODE" WITH DECIMAL OF THE HEXADECIMAL CODE EXTRACTED FROM DECODING REMOTES DIRECTLY IN THE WIDGET.

IMPORTANT : PLEASE READ THE WHOLE PROJECT THOROUGHLY IT WILL TAKE 3MINS BUT DON'T HALF-READ AND DAMAGE YOUR PARTS.... I WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE!!

Step 6: Project Packed GIF!!!

Picture of Project Packed GIF!!!

If you like this make this project your favorite and encourage to do next project like internet controlled home automation... or something better!!!

Thanks a lot enjoy a remote-free life!!!

Comments

vikkey321 (author)2017-09-18

Hi,

Great project. I did something similar some time back. I got stuck in cloning the tata sky remote. Will this work to clone the tata sky remote to?

yes absolutely this will clone any remote, the NEC hex codes are easily decoded. Although if this doesn't work you need to upload a sketch for all remotes included in the arduino examples.. i guess

About This Instructable

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Bio: Nothing just a tech enthusiast and by degree an Electrical Engineer
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