Introduction: Urban Prospecting Detector

The project, called the Urban Prospector, is basically a modified metal detector outfitted with a combustible gas sensor that can be built for under 100 dollars. By scanning the surface of your neighborhood, you will be able to determine pockets of oil and other toxins.

Until recently, oil prospecting has been a field left to the professionals because it requires sophisticated tools for detection. But in much the same way gold prospecting empowered people to find small nuggets of profit, urban prospectors now have the potential to find small nuggets of oil near oil spills, abandoned gas stations, and industrial sites. Given the current high cost of oil, these urban spills or potential gold mines are waiting to be tapped.*-

Go to UrbanProspecting.net for more info.
[Video(http://vimeo.com/4563727, {width:425, height:350})]

Step 1: Compile Materials

For this project you will need:

-TIF 8800 combustible gas detector http://www.tequipment.net/TIFTIF8800.asp
-Used metal detector (this can be ordered from ebay.com)
-Soldering iron and solder
-2 colors of 24 gauge wire
-electronics screwdriver kit
-hot glue gun
-wire cutters
-vice and pliers
-Dremel rotary tool

Using a used metal detector found at on ebay, one can remove the metal sensor and replace it with a combustible gas sensor. So, to get started on your own Urban Prospecting Detector you will first need to compile the materials and equipment specified in the list above.

Step 2: Disassemble TIF 8800

Start by opening up the TIF 8800 combustible gas detector to reveal the inside circuit board (to open it you will have to pull off the sensitivity pot on the face of the device). Once opened, pop off the red plastic tabs that would release the circuit board.

Step 3: Snip the Sensor and Battery Compartment Wires

After you have opened it, continue by snipping the wires to the battery compartment (red and white), and sensor (blue, black, and white).

Step 4: Remove the Sensor

Remove the sensor at the tip of the metal arm. You may need to use the pliers and vice grip to remove this. Once loosened, you will be able to pull the sensor out of the metal arm with the wires. Once the sensor is removed you can break the metal arm off of the device. Then use a saw and cut out the battery compartment for later use.

Step 5: Remove Pot and Switch

To remove the switch, use your wire cutters to snip the attachments on top side. Then, heat the solder on each connection and pull out the switch. You may need to remove some solder with a solder braid. The pot can be removed also by heating the solder on the connections and pulling them out. Remove the battery casing and power input in the same manner.

Step 6: Extending Components

Use about 5 inches of 24 gauge wire to extend the pot, switch, battery casing, and power input away from the circuit board. Use about 3 feet of wire to extend the sensor away from the circuit board. Now put the circuit board and components to the side as we move onto the metal detector casing.

Step 7: Adding LEDs

What good is your newly built metal detector without a little bling? In this step you should add some (type of LEDs) to (the section that the LEDs should be soldered to). You can hot glue them to the assigned hole and then wire them to the ground and power on your components. In this example I used green LEDs, but you can choose any color you like.

Step 8: Disassemble Metal Detector

Using your dremel rotary tool, drill out the holes for the pots, switches and LEDs on the front cover of the metal detector.

Step 9: Remove and Disassemble Metal Detector Sensor

The casing of the metal detector sensor will also hold the combustible gas sensor that you removed previously. But first we have to remove the coils from inside the sensor and to drill an appropriate sized hole through the middle of the sensor casing.

Step 10: Insert the Sensor and Circuit Board

Now that you have affixed all of the components properly, it is simply a matter of inserting the circuit board into the casing and each component into its designated hole. Place the the circuit board on wooden rails to prevent it from grounding out on the metal casing. Then hot glue the speaker and the battery compartment in the casing as well.

Step 11: Take It for a Test Ride!

You have now completed your very own Urban Prospecting Detector and are well on your way to discovering the riches that lay beneath us. The final step is to go out and find your local neighborhood's black gold mine.

Comments

author
aminrezaiee (author)2015-02-01

how I can upgrade and powerup to find gold better?
I need it to find peace of gold and silver at about 5 meter under ground

author
siempremaslejos (author)2014-07-17

magnific, please contac me to jonath55@hotmail.com

author
hakari (author)2012-03-02

please help me
i dont have a mastercard to give your payment, can i have a part list and pdf?

author
haz (author)2009-05-14

Great idea. I was thinking that a combustible sensor must be calibrated before use. Without a known concentration of gas being applied to the sensor the unit will not be accurate and will give wonky/false readings. How do you do your bump test or calibration? Would you use a 50% methane or a pentane equivalent? Haz gvince4

author
Adam Outlaw (author)haz2010-12-12

Hey haz, I would guess a caveman simple way to calibrate or tune that device might be to build a test air chamber out of a fully enclosed glass fish tank,etc. Then try putting various amounts/types of oil,etc in the controlled environment tank till you reach some useful & usable data. Hope this helps:)

author
Adam Outlaw (author)2010-12-12

Every problem ( finding its practical financial use) = a solution... (try going into business as an affordable property oil contamination inspector) = profits$$$

author
A good name (author)2010-08-03

How exactly are you making money off of this? It isn't economically viable to build a pump every time you find a small spill, and I'd assume the oil would degrade quite a bit after being left out in the open so long.

author
randofo (author)2009-05-06

You must be laughing all the way to the bank doing this in Greenpoint. You should add something to your Instructable about why Greenpoint is such a wonderful place to prospect (unless... of course... you are trying to keep the competition away). This project is the best thing I've seen all week.

author
splnlss (author)randofo2009-05-07

OH, i guess it might be important to note that underneath greenpoint is the largest oil spill in north america;..)) get rich! i'll post more info on greenpoint shortly!

author
scafool (author)splnlss2009-07-09

I liked the instructable after I read it. I liked it even more after I read Wikipedia about the Greenpoint oil spill lawsuits. Haz has a good point about the calibration of your sensor

author
Doveman (author)2009-05-08

How do you get it out of the ground? =I

author
Gage987 (author)Doveman2009-05-30

dig as in with a shovel,excavaitor,and/or mexicans paid with beer JUST KIDDING NOT RACIST DON"T CALL THE FCC

author
Gage987 (author)2009-05-30

you could dig up the dirt and put vast amounts of pressure on it to get the oil and use/sell it

author
fly_boy_bc (author)2009-05-08

How exactly am I supposed to make any "untold riches" of of oily dirt?

author
Toulouse (author)fly_boy_bc2009-05-10

1) get this detector 2) detect oily dirt 3) ?????? 4) PROFIT

author
SmithDrewSmith (author)Toulouse2009-05-14

This post reminded me of "The Underpants Gnomes" from southpark...

author
logman234 (author)SmithDrewSmith2009-05-20

Same here!

author
Cryptonat (author)fly_boy_bc2009-05-08

This is a proof of concept.

author
fly_boy_bc (author)Cryptonat2009-05-08

It proves what exactly? That the author thinks you can make money on something that needs to be cleaned up at great cost?

author
jdkchem (author)fly_boy_bc2009-05-14

It proves P.T. Barnum was a genius.

author
fly_boy_bc (author)jdkchem2009-05-14

A yes PT Barnum. "This way to the fabulous egress" was his standard "exit" sign.

author
fly_boy_bc (author)Cryptonat2009-05-08

"Given the current high cost of oil, these urban spills or potential gold mines are waiting to be tapped." No they are NOT theare waiting to be cleaned up at great cost!

author
Cryptonat (author)fly_boy_bc2009-05-11

Proof of concept: He created an 'afforable' detector that the layman can make. It doesn't have to be some sort of UBER DETECTOR MAJIGGER. "Given the current high cost of oil, these urban spills or potential gold mines are waiting to be tapped." Whats the matter of having a little fun with the instructable?

author
leepinlarr (author)2009-05-19

hey it works !!!, look, he found a refinery

author
radiochemist (author)2009-05-11

so where exactly do you go to sell the crude oil you find once you manage to somehow extract it?

author
jdkchem (author)radiochemist2009-05-14

Ebay! ;)

author
radiochemist (author)jdkchem2009-05-14

lol oh ok, in that case I'll sell my jersey oil 30 bucks a barrel below the saudis and make my own version of dubai on the jersey shore! thanks meg whitman!

author
Thelemic_Potter (author)2009-05-14

I'm rather shocked that people here can't think of any uses for a device that detects environmental pollutants. Seems like a perfect addition to workshop cleanup equipment or for checking urban areas before gardening, hell a good way to keep tabs on local trouble spots, perfect for the environmentalist. great work here

author
camscam (author)2009-05-14

since everything about this instructable keeps saying "hipster this and hipster that" and everyone reading the project is thinking, "would this actually do anything for me? An oil-spill detector?" I'm sorry my friends, it's of no use. These "hipsters" only care about "irony."

author
jdkchem (author)2009-05-14

So you hack a metal detector by adding a combustible gas sensor and magically you're going to find oil, in Greenpoint of all places. More likely your going to find nothing more than the spot where someone has been dumping used oil or a leak in a natural gas line. Then there's the water treatment facility nearby.

author
wenpherd (author)2009-05-09

have you faund anything? if not then how do you know it works?

author
lil jon168 (author)2009-05-09

they cost $179.00

author
Cartermarquis (author)2009-05-08

Congrats on being featured on Gizmodo! Gizmodo.com

author
amaze (author)2009-05-07

Omg I live in greenpoint too but its starting to smell there

author
unseen wombat (author)2009-05-07

Oh neat! Untold riches! I'll just build me one of these and go prospecting for some dirty oil that some guy spilled while doing an oil change, then take it home to my REFINERY that I conveniently built one afternoon in my back yard and never pay for gas again! Untold riches!

author
zwheel (author)2009-05-07

Then what? Do you have a method of extracting the oil? Or is there a company which would pay you for the information about where to go extract it themselves?

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Bio: I teach, work on art projects, and master music. For more info on me go to http://joncohrs.com or for more projects go to ... More »
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