Introduction: VOIP Phone AND Intercom System
The above instructable tells you how to use a Linksys VOIP box to connect to POTS phones together and make a sort of simple home intercom system. However, many people (myself included) wondered if additional phones could be added to this system if 2 or more VOIP boxes were on the network.
After some experimenting I was able to make this happen on my home network using a Linksys SPA-2012 and a Linksys SPA-1001, which gave me 3 phones that can all call each other.
Additional VOIP boxes could also be added for more phones.
Also, the SPA-1001 is not only connected to the home-network, but can also call out via my CallCentric account (or any other VOIP account..I just happen to use CallCentric)
I wanted a simple phone-system running from my kids treehouse to a little playhouse in the back. I had some basic phones I found at thrift-stores. I read various instructables telling me how to add a small bit of voltage to the phones to make them operable; however, this method did not have a way of making the phones ring.
Other people had some complex methods of adding a button connected to ringers and such, but nothing suited me.
Finally, I stumbled on this instructable:
I happened to have a Linksys two-line VOIP box sitting on the shelf, and dinkered around until I was able to get things working. And indeed it worked. The two lines were able to call each other, and I could program the dial-plan for specific keys (press 1 to call treehouse...press 1 to call playhouse)
Wonderful, but then I wanted more...I wanted my separate VOIP box in my work-shed to be able to call the treehouse and playhouse...and for them to call my shed, but I still wanted to be able to use my VOIP service to call out for long-distance.
After much experimenting, I was able to make it happen. Here is how:
Step 1: First Step: the Right Kind of VOIP Box
I mentioned that for this project, I originally started with this wonderful instructable:
My instructable is simply an addition to this
The only difference was that I used a Linksys SPA2102, while he used a Linksys PAP2T; however, the differences were few and I followed his instructions and things worked.
If you browse down to the comments on that instructable, there were some tips for dial-plans to make specific numbers for each phone. I followed those and was able to make 1 the dial-number for each phone to call the other.
The dial-plan is the very last field in the form to fill in. The code I ended up with looked like this:
(<1:> S0 <:firstname.lastname@example.org:5061>) this goes in the dial-plan for the playhouse
(<1:> S0 <:email@example.com:5060>) this goes in the dial-plan for the treehouse
see the screen-shot for a closer look.
Okay, so that gave me two wired phones with a VOIP box in between them that can call each-other by pressing 1.
Now I want to add another VOIP box in a different location on the property (my work-shed) that is connected to the same network, and can call out, but also press certain keys and call the playhouse and treehouse.
The VOIP box I use in my shed is a Linksys SPA-1001 (unlocked, of course). This little device is nifty because it not only can turn your regular POTS phone into a VOIP phone, but it also magically adds a second line to a single-line phone.
I had already set up the first line to my CallCentric account, using these instructions:
The second line I had forgotten about completely until I started trying to figure out a way to connect to my little home-phone-line system. Then it dawned on me that I might be able to make the second-line on this device the home network line.
With a little tweaking, I was able to do just that!
Step 2: Line 2 of the SPA-1001
So my SPA-1001 is connected to my router, and configured on line1 to use CallCentric for cheap long-distance phone-calls.
I want line2 to be connected to my home-phone system, so the kids can call my shed from the playhouse or treehouse.
So just to clarify:
- the treehouse and playhouse are both connected to the SPA-2102
- the SPA-2102 is connected to my home-router and has an IP address of 10.1.0.102
- the phone in my shed is connected to the SPA-1001
- the SPA-1001 is connected to the same home-router and has an IP address of 10.1.0.103
- the IP address does not matter as long as it remains the same for each VOIP box
- Line1 of my SPA-1001 is configured to work with CallCentric
First thing I did was go into the SPA-1001, under the admin user, on the Phone tab.
- Default line is set to: Line 1
- Line 2 Select Code is: #
Next I went into Line 2 tab. Set up is identical to configuration at:
The only difference is the dial-plan. Here is what works for me:
(<1:> S0 <:firstname.lastname@example.org:5060>|<2:> S0 <:email@example.com:5061>)
on the phone I have to first press: #
This switches me to "line2", and I can dial 1 or 2, which will call the playhouse or treehouse.
Next, I have to change the dial-plans for the treehouse and playhouse
Step 3: Dial Plans for Treehouse and Playhouse
Finally, I add the shed to the dial-plans for the treehouse and playhouse:
(<1:> S0 <:firstname.lastname@example.org:5061>|<2:> S0 <:email@example.com:5061>)
(<1:> S0 <:firstname.lastname@example.org:5060>|<2:> S0 <:email@example.com:5061>)
and that does it. Now all 3 phones can dial each-other, and my shed phone can still call out. I might buy another SPA-1001 for my wife to have a land-line that can call all three phones.
If you had property with several buildings, or rooms that were far away from each other, but the same home-network, you could easily create a home-phone system for each building/room. Unlocked SPA-1001s are cheap on ebay.
Someone also suggested that these phones could be made to call remote locations that were connected via VPN or port-forwarding. That would be kind of cool to work out because it could be a way to create a personal phone-system that extended to family and friends at various locations.