Instructables

Voltage Regulator

IMPORTANT I have recently dug this out of a box and tried to regulate 9v from an RC car battery, it did work, but then there was a puff of smoke and it became extremely hot. This may be because i have previously fried the regulator, but i thought i would let you all know so you can be careful. I may need some filtering capacitors, not sure. please tell me if you have any ideas.

This is the circuit for converting a 12V car supply to 4.5V. 

You will need:
2 X 2 wire PCB mounted terminal blocks (optional) 
1 X diode
1 X L78S05CV voltage regulator chip 
Some verro board
Some Wire
 
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Step 2: Connect the wire jumps

Picture of Connect the wire jumps
 Solder the jump wires in. 
you forgot the decoupling capacitors. this may have had something to do with your (puff of smoke)
akisakaw4 years ago
what value of diode ?
You mean for a .6V drop -- pretty much any silicon diode. Just get one rated for the voltage (not generally and issue). Put it in in the correct polarity and the output will be about .6 lower than the input. Just the nature of the semiconductor...
AntMan232 (author)  akisakaw4 years ago
I'm not entirely sure, i didn't check! It needs to be able to withstand 5/6 V, i just used whatever i could find in the school tech lab. It's only purpose is to protect the circuit a bit, so it isn't actually needed. It also has the effect of lowering the voltage by 0.7V, which leaves 4.5V, so is perfect for a picaxe chip.
sblessley3 years ago
My car ends up with a host of connections at various voltages and power requirements from 5v to 12. Phone. USB, GPS... No current regulation (fuse notwithstanding) is needed.

Short of duplicating the regulator for each output voltage, how might I deliver multiple voltages in this basic format?
AntMan232 (author)  sblessley3 years ago
Errrm. I'm not certain. You could try variable resistors to chage the voltage, but otherwise, i'm not much help.

Sorry
@AntMan thanks for your reply. I did spot another Instructable that both used separate regulators for separate voltages and used multiple regulator chips of the same voltage (parallel outputs) to increase the current ratings. I didn't realize you could do that. I think resistors (in series) would work well only in the case of device require constant current; there's also the heat dissipation. I could also use diodes in series for .6v/diode drop that'd be current-independent.

Thanks again for both the "instructable" and the ideas!

i would use a regulator for 9v and 5v and then resist it down to the odd voltages.. i use mini blade fuses they fit on pcb well.
carlos66ba4 years ago
Come on guys!  This is a simple regulator, almost self-explanatory and should work quite well for simple purposes.  Stop bugging the author!!!

Now for some suggestions:  a couple of capacitors (one across the input lines, one across the output lines) should reduce noise, if that is a problem...  Please also note that this is not very strictly regulated (due to the variation of the voltage of the diode with current), but it should still work quite well for most applications (heck! it would still work quite well if you feed 5V to something expecting 4.5V, but don't blame me if it does not work, makes your device blow up in flames and takes the car with it...).
AntMan232 (author)  carlos66ba4 years ago
Thanks mate, I was wondering how I could get rid of them without insulting them in case they don't leave a ratingor nice comment!!! (only joking)

I didn't have any trouble running a picaxe project off it, and that was off a power-pack, which I would expect to have more noise as it's plugged into the mains. 
And I hope the car doesn't go up in flames, Dad would KILL me!!
lemonie4 years ago
This is missing a lot of things:
Input V
Output V
V-regulator type
A resistor
What those grey & black spots are
Photos

L
AntMan232 (author)  lemonie4 years ago
 Input V isn't in the datasheet. 
Output V is about 5 but with a diode is about 4.5.
V-regulator is L78S05CV.
The circuit works without a resistor but please tell me where it should go and why, so I know for future. 
The grey and black spots are the soldered joints, I though it would be easier to see which tracks the components were soldered to. 
I haven't got any photos from while I was making it, and the soldering is a bit messy, so it wouldn't show anything anyway. 
Thanks, the input V is what you are using. I get you were showing top & bottom now - and the photo is good to have.
These things often have other components in regulator-circuits, but it depends on the type and such.

L
The regulator depends on the exact model for input voltage, but in general it needs to be at least 2 volts more than the output -- unless specified as a low drop regulator.  Looking over the datasheet the worst case scenario is don't feed it more than 17 volts.  Some can handle upwards of 40 volts.
and identifying if the board is single/double sided - as it has the same tracks on a vertically mirrored side...is that flipped?
AntMan232 (author)  frollard4 years ago
The board is single sided, its just a bad picture by me and has been corrected. 
Marvelous improvement!  Now even showing a photograph of the finished product (regardless of how bad the soldering is) would help to visualize for those not familiar with diagrams like this.  Great stuff!
AntMan232 (author)  frollard4 years ago
I'll get one up soon, then I might start getting ratings from people instead of ideas. 

Thanks
troseph4 years ago
Schematic please?
AntMan232 (author)  troseph4 years ago
 I put one on the first page.