Introduction: Water Bottle Rockets!

Make a bottle rocket adapter just using recycled materials! All you need is a soda bottle, a cork, and bike inner tube (plus a drill and a bike pump for tools.)

What I love about this method is that it includes a way to take any cork and make it fit a bottle using the magic of microwaves!

This project was originally inspired by the howtoons about bottle rockets. My friend Will Macfarlane and I played with it a lot but found it tough to do with kids ages 6 - 8: the inner tube stopper would come unwrapped and kids had trouble putting it back together, let alone making it on their own. We got into microwaving everything in sight one week, including everything in Star's microwaving instructable, and realized that corks expand when microwaved.

This led to a new way to make bottle rockets! We've used this at Camp Kaleidoscope since '07.

Step 1: Preparing the Cork.

This is a really cool trick that Will and I discovered messing around with microwaves. When you microwave a cork (a real cork -- synthetics haven't worked), it expands and gets squishy. You can shove this into a soda bottle and the part shoved in will fit exactly to the mouth opening. As it cools it'll keep the shape and you've got a cork stopper!

We think this works because water in the air inside the cork gets hot and expands, causing the cork to expand. The whole thing cools really quickly -- I've never had to do anything more than put it in the bottle, leave it for a minute, and then take it out.

For soda bottle size, I like 20 oz. or 2 Liters: they have the same opening size, so an opening made for either one will work on both.

We've found that microwaving for 25 seconds worked well, and a lot more would burst our corks. The exact time will depend on the power of your microwave.

You don't always have to microwave the cork -- sometimes the cork will fit naturally into the bottle. What's a nice about this method is that it's not a problem if it doesn't. Rubber stoppers from chemical suppliers will work too, but this is a scarcer item. I think size #4 rubber stopper fits 20 oz/2-L bottles.

Step 2: Cutting Up the Valve.

You'll need an old bike inner tube to cut the valve out of. I've always used Schrader valves (see pics), but I can't see why this wouldn't work with a Presta valve.

You can get lots of inner tubes from bike shops. They get a lot from replacing tubes in flat tires.

For this to work really well, cut the valve like the last two pics in this step. The rubber is tapered so that it's easy to push the valve into the stopper (once the cork has a hole in the middle) but hard to pull it out. Also, the tapered end is a bit wider than the rest of the valve, helping keep the valve inside the cork.

Step 3: Drilling.

The soda bottle itself is an excellent holder for the cork as you drill it.

For best results, make a guide hole by first drilling a hole with a bit around 1/8" size.

Then drill a hole with a 7/32 or 1/4" bit. I prefer a 7/32" bit because it's a bit smaller and should make a tighter fit, but both have worked fine. The hole will fill up a little with the surrounding cork filling up the new space, so make sure to drill all the way through twice to clear away all of the cork.

Step 4: Getting the Valve in the Cork.

First twist the valve into the cork.

Then press down on the cork really hard with the valve against a table. It should press fit in with a bit of effort.

The pictures are helpful here.

I think that if this doesn't work, putting hot glue along the shaft of the valve (along the long side) and then inserting it in would help. I haven't found anything but press-fit to be necessary.

And voila! You have a bottle rocket adapter!

Step 5: Time to Launch Rockets!

Put some water in the bottle, put the adapter in, attach the bike pump to the valve, turn the bottle upside down, lean it against something, and pump away!

From here you can play with how much water to put in, make a stand for the bottles, put fins and nosecones on, strapped stuffed animals on and fire them off, etc.

Comments

author
Phoenix24 made it!(author)2016-12-05

jklmao i stoopid 1st gradr ande i be rely doomb

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Ben.land101 made it!(author)2010-01-13

 i think it's funner to leave out the water, hold the stopper, then pump it up and shoot people with it.

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Phoenix24 made it!(author)2016-12-05

funner is knot a word u dingis

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kylekosan23 made it!(author)2011-07-03

finally i no how to stick a bike pump needle into a a bottle CORK! how dumb of me

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Phoenix24 made it!(author)2016-12-05

Stoopid u suc at speling noh moreon idyit G.A.L

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saiviator made it!(author)2015-03-02

cool way to make and launch a bottle rocket

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jianqiang made it!(author)2009-01-19

Cool dude, an easier and lazier way we use to do it in HS was put dry ice or alkaselzer in full bottles, bottle em up, and throw them as fast as you can. Or else just get a 2 liter of barqs(damn, you know the rootbeer), shake it up, and throw it off a 2 story buidling

author
HEY+YOU made it!(author)2012-08-28

I assume that because you are an intelligent person, you would only throw anything off a 2 story building with no one in the area........imagine getting hit with the neck of the bottle after it explodes on the pavement.!!!

Cheers

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Sandisk1duo made it!(author)2009-04-01

fill 1/4 full of water for maximum hight

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jimtran93 made it!(author)2011-06-13

mythbusters did some tests and discovered that 1/3 is the best ratio for water bottle rockets =D

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santigosopo made it!(author)2010-04-27

 so ,  the  valve stay stuck with the inflator until bottle fly away 

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Mr+E+Man made it!(author)2009-12-12

Looks good, but you should hot glue the strings of a parachute to the top, and drape the parachute over the bottle.

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thecookiemonster made it!(author)2009-08-19

a better and more durable soloution would be to use a rubber bottle stopper!!!

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LILhazY made it!(author)2009-05-23

NICE & EZ

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wee_man made it!(author)2009-04-23

For maximum height attach to air commpresser hehe

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ekulmeekul made it!(author)2009-01-16

Yea thanks for the cork trick that will really help...

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beconstructive made it!(author)2008-11-07

Wow, thanks for the Cork trick, didn't know they expand :D

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Bio: It's me, Prince Nagle Nagle!
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