Instructables

Water Rocket Parachute Deployment Mechanism

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There are different ways to eject parachutes from water rockets. The technique we like to use is called Side Deployment (aka Horizontal Deployment) where the parachute is deployed in a perpendicular direction to the rocket body axis. The other common technique is to separate the nosecone and have the parachute come out in-line with the rocket axis. This is how most amateur pyro rockets do it.

We use the side deployment technique because we often have a camera and altimeter mounted in the nosecone. Having them rigidly attached to the rocket body gives them a more stable platform on the way down.

There are a lot of different ways to achieve side deployment as well. We like to construct ours so that the outer aero-shell is separate from the actual mechanism itself. This makes construction and adjustment much easier. It also allows the mechanism to be easily reused if the aero-shell becomes damaged.

The procedure below outlines the general steps of how we construct ours. No specific dimensions are given here as these will depend on the bottles you use and how much space you want to allocate for the parachute.

Materials

- Corriflute (Coroplast, Twinplast, Correx ) corrugated plastic sheet
- 2 PET bottles
- Cardboard
- 2 rubber bands
- Paper clip
- String
- Wire
- Skewer stick
- Ping pong ball
- Timer (Tomy timer, flight computer etc.)

Tools

- Tape
- Contact glue
- Scissors
- Craft knife
- Long nose pliers

More water rocket instructions such as these can be found at our main website:
www.AirCommandRockets.com
 
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Step 1:

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Get a clean bottle with a nice aerodynamic shape and straight sides. Remove the label and clean off the glue with mineral turpentine.

Step 2:

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Cut off the neck and the base off the bottle.

Step 3:

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Glue half a ping pong ball into the hole left by the neck of the bottle. This gives the nosecone a nice rounded shape. If you are using different sized bottles look through the kids toy box because there are bound to be plastic balls of varying diameters. Don't let the kids see you though.

Step 4:

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Cut two circles out of some Corriflute sheet. You can find this stuff almost everywhere. Old signs make a good source.

WARNING: In the interest of public courtesy when obtaining these signs, make sure you don't get the ones with "Wet Paint" written on them.

Make sure the circles are a somewhat loose fit in the bottle. This will allow the mechanism to be removed from the bottle for servicing.

Cut out a larger rectangular section from the Corriflute sheet. The size of this will vary depending on your bottle size and the height you want to make it. Make it taller to fit bigger parachutes. The corrugations should be oriented vertically. Now slice only one side of the rectangle half way along.
Bend the rectangle to make a 'V'.

Step 5:

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Next, cut 4 strips of cardboard and bend them 90 degrees along their lengths to make four 'L' shaped brackets.

Step 6:

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Glue these to the edges of the V with contact glue as shown in the photograph.

Step 7:

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Now, make all the necessary holes in the V to support your release mechanism. You can use a Tomy timer, or as we are using here an RC servo motor connected to one of ourflight computers.

Make holes and slots along the vertical edges of the V. These will hold the rubber bands that eject the parachute.

Step 8:

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Cut out another smaller rectangle (the ejection plate) from the Corriflute sheet. This will be used to eject the parachute. Make sure the corrugations run horizontally. Cut on one side only of the ejection plate to make 4 cuts along the corrugations.

Step 9:

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This lets you to place the rubber bands inside the corrugations. Use a piece of tape to close the cuts again.
NOTE: When attaching the rubber bands to the V make sure that the cuts in this small rectangle are facing away from the parachute. This ensures that the rubber bands can't come out through the slots.

Step 10:

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Securely attach all your release mechanism components to the V.

Step 11:

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Glue the V to the two previously cut out circles.

Step 12:

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You want to make sure that no pieces are overhanging the circles because you will need to be able to slide the entire assembly into the nosecone aero-shell. This allows you to remove the entire mechanism for servicing.

Step 13:

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Keep the inside of the V clear of all major protrusions. You can mount things like batteries in the far end of the V.

Step 14:

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Slide the mechanism into the aero-shell. You can push it up as far as it can go. This will stop it from moving upwards when the rocket starts decelerating shortly after burnout. You can mount it lower, but you need to glue some stops to the inside of the nosecone to prevent the mechanism from moving up.

Step 15:

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On the aero-shell, mark out the boundary of the mechanism where the parachute will come out.

NOTE: You should make the hole only a little smaller than the cavity. This will help prevent the parachute from snagging on the way out.
Also mark any access holes to buttons and controls, and don't forget the altimeter vent hole if you have one fitted.

Step 16:

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Now cut out all the necessary holes. We often only make small holes for the switches to help streamline the aero-shell. To make small holes just heat a large nail or screw on the stove top and push it through the plastic.

Step 17:

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Next we make the support ring for the mechanism. This holds the mechanism in place against positive G's. Cut a cylindrical section from another bottle and make sure its diameter is a little narrower than the aero-shell bottle.

Step 18:

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Curl one end of the section on an old frying pan on low heat. You can use the curling technique shown in the Splicing Video.

Step 19:

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Trim the bottom of the section so there is approximately 1 or 2 cm of straight wall left.

Step 20:

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Glue the entire mechanism to the top of the support ring.

Step 21:

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Fit the rubber bands into the holes made earlier along the edge of the V. We use two skewer sticks on the edges to give the rubber bands a nice rounded edge to sit on. The sticks are held in place with a small piece of sticky tape.

Step 22:

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Detail showing how the rubber band is threaded. Experiment with the rubber band size to give you different tension on the ejection plate.

Step 23:

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You can add extra tape to the base to ensure a good join between the mechanism and support ring. (Silver tape shown here)

Step 24:

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The parachute door comes next. How this is attached and how the door latch mechanism works will depend on your design. The door hinge can be on the side or top or bottom. We put ours on the side as it works better with our latch.

If you have your door with the hinge on the side, you can easily make the hinge from some packing tape. If you have your hinge door at the top or bottom you may want to use some other method as the hinge needs to be fairly small due to the curvature.

Step 25:

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Cut out the door so that it is at least 5mm bigger than the hole all the way around. Often you can use the same bottle that you made the support ring out of.

Leave a small tab on door (visible in the previous photo) and bend it back over so that it makes a loop. Because this part of the door will have a lot of force pulling on it, we secure the bent over tab with some wire. You can use a heated paperclip to "drill" two holes through the tab and then thread the wire through it.

Step 26:

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Attach the door to the aero-shell. This can be achieve with strong tape. You may want to use a piece of cloth instead that is glued to the door and shell for extra strength. In practice we find the tape is sufficient. Two layers of clear packing tape were used in the photo.

Step 27:

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Now its time to make the other side of the latch that holds the door. This is made from a strip of left over PET bottle used to make the door and support ring. Again we secure the bent plastic with wire the same way as was done on the door. Here you can see the 4 holes made by a hot paperclip wire.

Step 28:

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After securing the plastic loops with wire, cut out the slot for the door latch with a craft knife. Make sure the door loop is a couple of mm smaller to make sure the latching mechanism comes apart cleanly.

Step 29:

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Using some long nose pliers turn a paperclip into the latch pin as shown. Make sure the end of the pin is sanded or filed to a nice smooth finish to stop if from getting caught in the latch mechanism.

Step 30:

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Insert the latch pin through the latch and door, and tape the latch to the aero-shell. This makes sure that the latch and door are well aligned.

NOTE: Don't make it too tight. The door should sit snugly against the aero-shell, but the pin should be free to move.

Step 31:

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The aero-shell is now almost complete.

Step 32:

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Attach a length of string to the servo motor arm. (horn). Use a fairly strong thread or nylon line.

Step 33:

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Insert the mechanism into the nosecone and thread the string through the appropriate hole above the latch.

Insert the pin in the latch and attach the string to the pin so that the string is fairly tight.

Step 34:

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Okay time to go get some coffee here comes the tricky bit.

Now test the mechanism to see if it unlatches the door. You can cut the pin to length or adjust the string until all works properly. Secure the string knot with some glue to stop it from coming loose.

Step 35:

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To secure the mechanism inside the aero-shell just tape the support ring to the inside wall of the aero-shell. You could secure it in other ways if you are expecting high G forces. You can use nylon screws through the support ring and the aero-shell.

Step 36:

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The side deployment nosecone is now complete. You just need to attach the parachute to the rocket. Tying the parachute string somewhere near the center of gravity will ensure that the rocket falls mostly sideways helping to increase the amount of drag on the way down.

Step 37:

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All that remains is packing the parachute and the nosecone is ready for flight. We normally tape the nosecone to a pressure tested bottle and keep the entire nosecone ready for when needed. The whole thing then just screws into either a Robinson or tornado coupling.

Make sure you test the deployment mechanism a few times before flight.
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ianstein9513 years ago
Beautifully done!
Ishrat4 years ago
dude i wanna ask how to make that parachute stuff can u plzz tell me step by step cause i wanna make this thing can u buy that stuff somewhere maing's better though
Ishrat4 years ago
dude i wanna ask how to make that parachute stuff can u plzz tell me step by step cause i wanna make this thing can u buy that stuff somewhere maing's better though
superboe4 years ago
 LOL
hobbking servo
louwhopley5 years ago
I know this sounds stupid but where's the center of gravity supposed to be on a water rocket? i will be fitting mine with this parachute mechanism plus I am using RC to control the parachute to try fly it back to me.
air.command (author)  louwhopley5 years ago
Actually it is a very reasonable question. You should always work out the Cg for a dry rocket. This is because most of the flight the water rocket actually has no water in it. The Cg should be about 1.5 rocket diameters ahead of the Cp. When flying with fully open nozzles the water is ejected in the first couple of meters of flight so there really isn't that much time for the weight of the water to have an effect on stability. When flying with restricted nozzles you tend to want to make the rocket a bit more over-stable, ie. move the Cg a bit further up as the water stays in the rocket longer. Very good idea about flying the rocket back under parachute. :) Will you be using some kind of steerable parafoil?
When making your Instructable, I found a few problems (with my build). As I am using a "tommy timer", I found that half a rotation of the wheel, pulled the pin out within 2 seconds. I have an 'arm' on the slowest moving wheel (to connect the string to, like your servo) When I twist it once round, the pin is pulled out releasing the parachute, like I said "within 2 seconds", which unfortunately is a bit to short of time for when I want my parachute deployed. I do not intend to fault your design, but I have found a way on how to fix this. Instead on having a pin pulled out i now wrap an elastic band around the rocket to keep the door shut and then wrap it round the "tommy timer". When that un winds it releases the parachute. I think your design is brilliant, along with the instructable. I'm just saying this so if someone designs it with a tommy timer and have the same problem, they can fix it. If there is a way to fix it.. I would like to know Thanks Oscar
I've only got 2 servos - so if all fails i would make it deploy two parachutes, one high up when rocket is starting to fall and the other a few feet from the ground for a perfect soft landing - haha
yes, I am investigating the use of a parafoil like parachute. ...still looking into designing the shute though, from scratch (my parafoil kite is a bit to big) I have got all the details to build the rocket from your site - thanks!
Thats amazing, how high dose it fly (sorry i just skimmed the ible)? Do you have a video of it launching? iv seen thinks like this but never this intricate.
This particular rocket goes to around 400 feet. Here is a bigger rocket that uses the same parachute deployment mechanism.


I have made a professional water rocket guide on instructables.
It also has drop away boosters but the are different to yours....

If you would like to check it it please go to http://www.instructables.com/id/Professional-water-rocket-guide/ or it apears to be in the realeted at the bottom of this page
That is amazing, it must been difficult to build and pressurized that rocket..
thats amazing, multistage water power
stunami5 years ago
Is there an instructable to make this rocket?!
air.command (author)  stunami5 years ago
Hi stunami,

There is no "Instructable" but we have instructions on our website on how to make the different components for this rocket and then you can assemble them into one that looks like this.

Here:
http://home.people.net.au/~aircommand/construction.htm

and here:
http://home.people.net.au/~aircommand/construction_2.htm

do you have problems with the centre of gravity with this rockets with the boosters at the bottom of the rocket?
air.command (author)  oscarthompson5 years ago
Yes and no. Just after liftoff the rocket is way too tail heavy and the Cg is actually behind the Cp, but the water drains very quickly so that in less than 1 second the rocket is stable again. We use a 2m long guide rail to try to get it pointing in the right direction as it builds speed. In an earlier rocket the fins were a little on the small size and we did get unstable flight during the initial part of the flight. Increasing the size of the fins fixed that problem up.
Thanks!
831 air.command5 years ago
u shod show it cumin back down after but that is so good wot u have made u shod now move on to putin a camere an the record goong up that wuold be god an ther r sum good 1 that u can use
Lftndbt5 years ago
Very impressive indeed!! That is alot of content there. Excellent write-up. I see you found some free time, nice. ;)
I have checked there (or his/her) website, Its amazing. They have deatialed instructions on how to make drop away bosters, recovery system and lots of over intresting things. I will try and get an instructable in which will be a long guide about water rockets recovery, pressurizing, luanching and other things i hope to make i at leat 40 steps long
I will probaly not use the air commands launcher but one of nasa's water rocket launchers.
Xellers5 years ago
Very Well Done. 5 Stars!
altomic5 years ago
when I was living in Japan I watched a show on TV which was a water rocket distance competition. The winner was a 3 stage rocket. from memory it went about 540 meters (distance) though it may have been more. it was very cool. - it was made up of - 1st stage :8 bottles, 2nd stage:4 bottles, 3rd stage:1 bottle it was a monster and the pressure needed to drive it was monstrous. it was the most impressive thing I have seen on TV for ages. sorry to distract. nice instructable
F-35JSF5 years ago
were can u get the pdf for the rocket I have made the mechanism jus need the rocket pdf plzz
In the name of GOD You are not inventor . You are ARTIST . This is the beutifullllllll. This iS WOW. Thanks alot .
Ghost Wolf5 years ago
wow that is big and very heavy does it go as high as a model rocket
mortso5 years ago
Does anyone in the SF Bay area have an interest in Building these? I have the stuff, knowledge etc. but have been having trouble finding people willing to have FUN ! C'Mon... Let's go Shoot for the Moon! email mortso@mac.com if you do..
Wyle_E5 years ago
I remember little low-pressure water rockets I had as a kid, and I've seen the crude ones on Mythbusters. After following your links it was a real surprise that anyone had taken the idea this far. Have you tried reinforcing a bottle with fiberglass strapping tape? It's ugly, but amazingly strong. Have you tried building a boost-glider? With a tilting mirror to shift the camera's line of view from back along the rocket to straight down in glide, you could get some really nice video. The glider stage wouldn't have to be powered; your rockets could get it high enough for a good view.
air.command (author)  Wyle_E5 years ago
Hi Wyle_E,
Yes, we have done tests with fiberglass strapping tape, and you are right it is great stuff and does a good job of reinforcing bottles and FTC tubing.

We have not made a boost glider yet (too many other projects :) ) but there have been plenty of people who have. They have made them remote control and have put cameras on them.

If you are interested, in the water rocket recovery guide:
http://home.people.net.au/~aircommand/recovery_guide.htm
you will find some examples of boost gliders people have made for water rockets. Scroll down to the Glider/Wings section.

There are some links to good YouTube videos of onboard footage from the gliders.

Cheers

- George
ewilhelm5 years ago
Excellent Instructable! I see a couple of techniques on your site for increasing pressure and volume. A general tips for water-bottle rocketry Instructable would definitely be well received.
LoL, I have been bugging him for months. He has been busy over christmas, but it looks like he is back in business now. His knowledge and write-ups are second to none on the net. I am glad he has chosen I'bles to use as the knowledge is well placed. Thanks for featuring as the "splicing bottles" I'ble should have been better recieved I must say.
Kiteman Lftndbt5 years ago
Thanks for featuring

You're welcome ;-)
Lftndbt Kiteman5 years ago
Sorry your comment was at the bottom and I saw eric's first, then commented. I just assumed it was his. Good to see you have overcome your pixelitus.
Kiteman Lftndbt5 years ago
;-)
Kryptonite5 years ago
Your site is amazing, 194m into the air is amazing!
acaz935 years ago
Amusing , Yours is a great instructable !!
air.command (author) 5 years ago
Thanks for the positive feedback everyone. :) We'll try putting up a few more instructables this year, as time permits. Thanks also to Lftndbt for encouraging us to put stuff up on Instructables.
Lftndbt5 years ago
Congrats on the Feature!! I took the liberty of adding it to Make and my group also.
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