Hi there,
This is an updated version of my previous Instructable: Control Stuff with your Raspberry Pi (GPIO) Over the internet.

This version is much more secure and could easily be used across the internet with very few security concerns.

A brief outline:
- A server program that runs on the Raspberry Pi to read variables
- A MySQL database to store the variables in
- An Apache2 served webpage to allow control of the variables
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AidanC121 hours ago

Great tutorial. Everything works perfectly.

Keep up the good work.

Hi !

Thanks for the tutorial for doomies (as I am), but...

How would it be with Sqlite?

yashmehta72 days ago
What is the port for the ipaddress/control.php website?
NigelT11 month ago



This is a good tutorial. However I am puzzled why it is neccessary

to write a GPIO value to MySQl then read the value out again.

This seem to be a high overhead. Can one not read a GPIO value

via Python in Apache and then display it? This would be much faster.

Perhaps the SPI and I2C data must be stored in MySQL.

Please comment - I need to learn much more about Web and displaying variables from C , Java or Python.

Thank you

MTec007 NigelT110 days ago

You could do it either way, but in my opinion you use the right tools for the job... You let apache do what it does best, and you let the OS do what it does best. The GPIO files are not in the www directory, so it shouldn't be apache's job to read them.. The OS can read the GPIO files, so let it.

MTec0072 months ago

Here is the link to my version of this, for anyone who is interested

MTec0072 months ago

I've made some serious improvements to this. Upgraded to use mysqli, a stronger password hash algorithm, and better interface.

photo 1.PNGphoto 2.PNGphoto 3.PNGphoto 4.PNG
johngriswold2 months ago

Very nice tutorial, as always, Daniel. I just have to learn to be a stickler for following instructions. You present a lot of material - i just have to pay attention.

Thank you very much!

Hello, How are you doing? i got one question im trying to do this but whit the UDOO, but im finding some problems with the, i had never used a Raspberry Pi before... but i don't think in the UDOO you have to invoke the GPIO, this is how it works in the UDOO so if you could help me I will be more than grateful. Thanks

bejot1 year ago
"sudo cp /root/ /etc/init.d/
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/
sudo update-rc.d defaults"

Hi, I just did what you wrote and I probably have boot loop and can't login to RPI by SSH. How can I undo it?

I think I have read and avoidet, that starting a script on the raspberry automaticalli with a too litle delay before starting could end in a endless loop and stops the Pi of booting, I´ve taken a delay of 30s.

If this is your probably problem, try the Pi on a display and you hopefully are able to stop the scipt with Ctr+C.

(the Answer 12 Months too late, but if someone els has the problem ;))

viggen4 months ago

Awesome, Is it possible to set up a schedual to control pins seconds per day?

NewHouseTM5 months ago

Great project

Help a lot

Just a demonstration of my automation

Thank you

NewHouseTM5 months ago
joedix7 months ago

Great instruction... no problems yet. How would I be able to add GPIO from the MCP23017 chip into this system?

dpaterson1 joedix6 months ago

I haven't played with this chip, but from what I can tell it uses the i2c interface, and comes with it's own "i2cset" commands.

You'd need to add database entries to represent the additional pins (so you can track thier state and show on webpage), and you'd need to modify to use i2cset commands instead of the /sys/class/gpio commands used for regular GPIO pins.

scorpionx7 months ago

Hi ~ I meet a problem by running shell script

On / Off is sure OK , I press to "Off" , and relay will open , and show the red LED will be light , and press 'On' , relay will close.

But I find a problem , when 'On' , the red let will a little light, sometimes the relay will be open ....

just running shell script will be this problem .


Hi - I'm not sure I entirely understand your problem and unfortunately your video isn't working for me.

Two things to check

1. Is your relay designed to work with 3.3 volt from the GPIO pins? I found a lot of 5volt relays but not all work reliably with the RPI. This could cause inconsistent results.

2. The relay I use inverts my logic. If I send 0 volts to the RPI GPIO pin, this turns the Relay on (and powers my connected device). If I set the GPIO HIGH (3.3 volts) it turns my relay off.

acsooley7 months ago

How can I start the ./ on startup of the raspberry PI? I cant seem to figure it out. Any help please.

Did you try putting the script path into /etc/rc.local ?

Make sure you specify the complete directory path /full/path/ ./ is a relative path and likely won't work.

dpaterson1 made it!7 months ago

Thank you so much for putting up this instructable - this was a great starting point for my own GPIO control webpage.

I made a few modifications as I wanted a real-time response (instead of waiting for the to loop around), and a simple way to group pins together with time delays (turning on an Amp before the speakers in an auditorium etc)

I ended up using WiringPI to do this, after the "TurnOn" button was pressed it calls a Shell Script that calls WiringPI commands. I still track the state of the pins in the SQL database though.

As my system is used by many people I also added a login page, it also sends daily emails via shell script cron job that summarises which users turned items on and off during the day.

As some of my TurnOn/TurnOff scenario's add delay into the webpage reloading, I also used this guys Javascript loading image code to the mix to stop form resumbissions.

Once again - thanks for this example, it got a noob at RPI up and started in no time!

hilbo dpaterson17 months ago

The first script that worked ou of the box!

Thank you for sharing!

@ dpaterson1: Hi, this is exactly what I am working on. Would you mind sharing your script as well?

dpaterson1 hilbo6 months ago

Here's an example shell script I stored in /opt/scripts/

Make sure is executable "chmod 755"

***** contents*****


#WiringPi GPIO 1 = BCM 18 = Physical Header 12


#Set GPIO 1 = PIN 12 as an Output

gpio mode 1 out

#Change GPIO 1 voltage to High

gpio write 1 1

*******PHP Code*****

$groupOnScript = "/opt/scripts/";


m3mn0t dpaterson16 months ago

Can you help me ?Can you provide your code? or simple help me with something?

m3mn0t6 months ago

Hi how can i talk with you


imohammad7 months ago

hello there, thank you for the tutorial~!! i want to ask, if the gpio is set to input. If i gave the input a signal (on) does the web page update the input status?

I don't believe it does - would need to be modified to read the status of the GPIO pins, then load it into the mysql database.

Then the web page would read the database and show the status.

thanks for the info ^^

Hello, Wondering if you can help. Great tutorial by the way however i have followed everything through but when i type ./ and enter a value it automatically turns on any GPIO pins that are connected and then nothing plays ball after. Any ideas of where i am going wrong? Cheers
drcurzon (author)  aztecthegeordie9 months ago
Hi there - can you send me the file?
Thanks - Dan.
dhill289 months ago
I'm struggling to get the actual pins to work. From what I can tell, things are installed correctly, and if I go into the actual database, I can see that the pin status setting in the database is changing when I click the buttons, but I don't get anything out of the pins at all. Is there anything particular I should be looking at?
drcurzon (author)  dhill289 months ago
Hi there, Have you tried manually setting the GPIO pins?
Try the following commands (should set pin 21 high)

echo "21" > /sys/class/gpio/export
echo "out" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio21/direction
echo "1" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio21/value

To turn off:
echo "0" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio21/value
echo "21" > /sys/class/gpio/unexport

Let us know how it turns out - Dan.
jeryhawj11 months ago
when i put in http://raspberryPi/control.php(raspberryPi=my ip address), all i get is an invalid request. can someone tell me if i need to do something else. i have followed every instruction on here... and even went back to all the old pages to make sure i did everything correct. i even have access to "phpmyadmin" account. i dont know why i cannot get into this last part. any help and or reply will be appreciated. thank you.
winsum1 year ago
Hi drcurzon,
your instructable is very great!

I have only one problem. When i execute the ./, it return two errors:

line 54: /sys/class/gpio/gpio4/direction: File or directory not exist.
line 59: /sys/class/gpio/gpio4/value: File or directory not exist.
GPIO 4 Turned Off
GPIO 17 Turned Off
GPIO 18 Turned Off
GPIO 21 Turned Off
GPIO 22 Turned Off
GPIO 23 Turned Off
GPIO 24 Turned Off
GPIO 25 Turned Off

Why this error?
Very thanks.
Mickey_Boy winsum11 months ago
i have had a similar error, turned out that i had some errors when exporting and selecting direction for the gpio#.
winsum winsum1 year ago
Hi boys,
i have seeking that the file gpio4 is not present in the folder /sys/class/gpio/

i not know because!
tmcisaac1 year ago
Quick query, just picked up a Raspberry Pi, got this setup and I was wondering. Can the other pins on the GPIO be addressed to add more buttons? (minus the DNC pins of course)
Rather n00b question, I know.
buteman1 year ago
Running control.php doesn't seem to do anything. I have edited control.php and put a username and password in but when I enter them on running control.php it just goes straight back to asking for user name and password. I tried refreshing the web page to ensure I was running the modified version, I restarted both mysqld and apache2 but it just doesn't work. Any ideas?
lionikus1 year ago
Great tutorial. But... My Raspberry Pi rev2.. This does not include pin2.. ... I added in :
direction2=$(mysql -B --disable-column-names --user=$mysqlusername --password=$mysqlpassword gpio -e "SELECT pinDirection FROM pinDirection WHERE pinNumber='2'";)
status2=$(mysql -B --disable-column-names --user=$mysqlusername --password=$mysqlpassword gpio -e "SELECT pinStatus FROM pinStatus WHERE pinNumber='2'";)
if [ "$direction2" == "out" ]; then
echo "out" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio2/direction
if [ "$status2" == "1" ]; then
echo "0" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio2/value
echo "GPIO 2 Turned On"
echo "1" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio2/value
echo "GPIO 2 Turned Off"
and... I added in SQLbase gpio respective lines...
then it worked... But...
My led is flashing every "How long do you want the wait time to be? "...
Weak, but flashes...
How to fix this problem?
Sorry for my english :)
Who could be useful it:
sudo su -
echo "4" > /sys/class/gpio/export
echo "out" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio4/direction
echo "0" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio4/value
echo "1" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio4/value
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