Instructables

Weekly Project: Voltoids; or, How to Make 5V from 1.5V

Picture of Weekly Project: Voltoids; or, How to Make 5V from 1.5V

Yes, you read that project title right; this simple circuit will enable you to generate 5V DC from a single 1.5V DC AA battery. How can you pump 1.5V up to 5V, you ask? It's simple with a little piece of electronic steroids from MAXIM IC.

The MAX1674 IC is a DC-to-DC step-up converter that can take in voltages as low as .7V and crank out a digital circuit enriching 5V. Or, for more finicky projects, the MAX1674 can also output 3.3V. A simple pin-selectable preset determines the output voltage.

There is one small caveat with this project, however. Whether a blessing or a curse, the MAX1674 generates a steady-state output current ranging between 180-420 mA. Therefore, high current projects involving motors won't be able to benefit from this voltage amplifying circuit.

On the other hand, powering lightweight projects involving TTL/LS circuitry or LEDs are ideal applications for Voltoids. In fact, with such a low operating current, the MAX1674 is able to drive a 3.3V LED without the ubiquitous power-limiting resistor. All from a single 1.5V AA battery.

If this project seems beyond your talents, but the benefits of powering a digital circuit from a single 1.5V DC power source sounds enticing, you can opt to purchase a similar circuit from Spark Fun Electronics. Costing less than $10, this clever little device which is designed by Bodhilabs.com is housed discretely on the back of an AA battery holder.

Unfortunately, with this commercial product you are limited to a fixed 5V output and it isn't housed in a cool Altoids tin. Enter Voltoids.

 
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kiss050554 years ago
does anyone knows how to calculate the values of each individual components in the entire circuit (e.g value if resistor, cap etc).
I interested in understanding the equation behind it...
can anyone help? thankz
Yeah, I'd like to know too.
Please
Wolfin5 years ago
Typo! You mean microfarad (µF) rather than millifarad (mF), right?
zack247 Wolfin4 years ago
hey, how did tou type microfarad? (the abrreviation)
fastcar1235 years ago
could I use this to amplify 12 v to 15v ?
probably but not something with to many amps like a car battery
imakethings4 years ago
can i charge cell nokia cell phone with this??
Depends on your battery. Probaply yes, at least with a resistor.
can u post a full and a bigger pic of schematic?
masta19795 years ago
I've just tried to rebuilt this and it didn't work in the beginning, after checking the data sheet and confirming it myself i would say the schematics is missing a wire from SHDN to OUT (5->8). After connecting it it worked fine for me.
hygy6 years ago
So, I made it. U need to connect pin5 with pin 8 couse it is turning on when this connected. My problem is with output current. I mode an air core inductor (played with the roud count), but I can't get more than 300mA out, and then output voltage dropps to 4V. With the bigger coil it the coil is now cold. But no more then 300mA :( Now it's better than minty boost. couse with minty boost I can change my acer pda if it is turned off. Any ideas about increasing the output current?
Hmm.... I just built this thing (minus the switch... I just made the thing permanent to GND, it's for a solar powered bot, so it'll always be on.) Anyways, thing is... it didn't go. I've got the MAX1674 and everything, but it's not working. the voltmeter is registering the voltage of the AA battery (that's what I'm testing it with) The only thing that could be wrong with it, would be the inductor, or I've burned ANOTHER chip... I don't think I've burnt the chip, as, I was VERY careful to keep it cool. I held it in my fingers while I soldered (that COULD be the problem, but, I made sure to even the charges while it was on the carbon foam. ) then there's the inductor... it's not 22mH, to be honest, I don't know what size it is... but it would probably be in the 20-50mH range. I don't know how much that would affect the circuit... but... it might... and one last thing, in the circuit diagram the pins LBI and LBN are connected, right? there's no dot saying they are, but they do seem to go to the same place on the drawing. Also, on the Vout, is the .1uF cap really necessary? considering it's right next to the 47uF cap, which generally would have more then a .1uF range of error. PS: oh, and you can just order samples of the MAX 1674, it's free.
is you inductor in mH or uH? as that could be a cause to your problem, the datasheet calls for 10uH to 47uH.
davetrader6 years ago
Is there someone I can pay $20.00 on top of fees to make me one of these? Thanks Dave Davetrader@aol.com
Has anyone contacted you about this yet? Because I would be willing to build one for you. PM me or email me at jjanizek@gmail.com if you want one.
Gavabc1236 years ago
how do i do the oppisite 5.5volts to 3.o volts
Gjdj3 Gavabc1236 years ago
I believe that Linear technology makes a very similar but more versatile chip called the LT1073. You can see the data sheet here. It has some more schematics detailing step-down converters. If you can't get pdf's just google "LT1073".
integrator6 years ago
So I'm just curious. How long does the battery last, roughly? Cool project, I'm adding it to my list. : )
ladyada7 years ago
8-umax? Jeez, that's a bit much for a beginner project... try the LT1308, comes in 8-SOIC and has a 2A internal switch, so should be able to provide twice as much current as the max1675 without the tinytinytiny pins
moep ladyada7 years ago
He never said it was a beginner project. In fact, he said "this project is for the advanced electronics builder. " Wow Limor, for someone who claims to advocate open source, you sure seem touchy when someone designs something similar. At least pretend you support the open source concept and compliment the guy on a nice design. You have no right to feel like mintyboost is being ripped off anyway, it's an overly simplistic project ripped right from the datasheet. Here's a little secret too; saying a project is for a beginner doesn't justify making it simplistic. In the case of mintyboost, it's a tiny, cramped circuti board that is not suitable for beginners either. Don't get me wrong, it's a perfect board for the project, but covering the simplicity by saying it's a beginner project just makes you look silly.
Coolbreaze moep7 years ago
Open source is about everybody contributing to the work and adapting it so it is as modular and effective as possible for the majority of the users. In this case ladyadas suggestion incorporates that. The suggestion gives you more current and is easier to solder plus has a better chance of staying soldered, since the pins are bigger there is more surface for the soldering alloying to ad·here to.

A drop test reliability test would probably show that the 8pin SOIC has a better chance of staying on the board then a UMAX form factor.

Also keep in mind note all user are familiar with what rosin core is (which is usually a purified pine tree sap) or what flux to use (voc free, halide, none halide, IPA (isopropanal). We use a soldering wetting balance at work all the time and are surprise by companies preheat times, ramp ups, flux choice and soldering alloy or paste. Not all of them result in good wetting. Tombstoning issues arrise and solder beading. All these cause beginners and even experts issues at all times. With RoHS and lead free solder this is even more of a pain. High heat required, the eating of the soldering tips, putting out soldering stations with nitrogen, whiskering and others.

The easier it is for the end user the better =)

Soldering small things makes the end user some times have a big headach. The comment was constructive.

Quick note, on the internet telling sarcasm apart and the mood of the poster when he posted his information is hard to judge.
you write like a lawyer...wow...too much for my brain at 1:30 am...
ladyada moep7 years ago
Hi moep, I'm not quite sure what this project has to do with the mintyboost project (its, like you said, clearly a different design and I never mentioned mintyboost at all!) or open source. There are lots of people who have made boost converters & put them in tins and certainly my approval should have nothing to do with it. Its true that it is marketed as an advanced soldering project (mea culpa), but I just thought that there is a better (easier to solder, more output capability, same price) chip that people who are are building this may want to try out. Instructables (and, incidentally, open source) is about sharing projects and getting constructive criticism. I always welcome people to do the same to me.
Sullen707 years ago
Does anyone know if this will work as a cellphone or ipod charger? A'la Turbo Cell Charge and their AlgorChip[™] technology?
Zaen Sullen707 years ago
Yes. At least, just using a USB port to charge the devices USB standards are 5v, 500mA max, so it should work just fine for charging those kinds of things. Might be nice to put it in a big case with lots of AAs in parallel, or a D cell, and a USB port to plug in just about anything. It's a good idea to put a diode on output for USB devices though, because some products like Ipods will try to output power first.
BOOOM!7 years ago
I'm really new to electronics to i connect the negative to all the grounds???
When you see ground in schematics it is as if they were all connected to the chassis... provided you had a conductor chassis that is. you could draw lines and connect all the grounds together and it would be the same thing. so the grounds are connected together including the battery neg. i hope this helps :-)
science4u7 years ago
will my 12 vt brusless motor work(as efficiently as on 12vts) on this circuit if i give input voltage as 4-6vts?
abun19917 years ago
Holy crap, this is cool!
alex_weber7 years ago
That is great. Nice instructable and pictures. I always wanted to use one of these step-up things. Does anybody knows where to get the MAXIM IC in Germany? Regards, Alex
@ alex_weber: try www.segor.de in Berlin. Helpful and friendly people and way cheaper than Conrad.
bic7 years ago
It is not completely accurate. The VPack_PCB is an adjustable output booster converter. Replace the RF2 with a 200K potentiometer. You can change the output level from 2V to 9V. Read the datasheet. The Voltoid can only switch between 3.3V and 5V.
BOOOM!7 years ago
Sorry i didn't my post before i posted it do i connect the negative terminal to all the grounds
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