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An earthquake is a shaking of the ground  created by the sudden breaking and movement of large sections (tectonic plates) of the earth's rocky outermost crust. Most earthquakes occur along the fault lines when the plates slide past each other or collide against each other.

It can send out shock waves that may be powerful enough to alter the surface of the Earth, open cracks in the earth and if that wasn't bad enough it can cause the destruction or damage of buildings and landslides, snow avalanches, tsunamis  and volcanic eruptions. 

Step 1: What to Do Before an Earthquake?

1. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home.
2. Learn first aid.
3. Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity.
4. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake.
5. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake).
6. Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.

Step 2: What to Do During an Earthquake

1. Stay calm! If you're indoors, stay inside. If you're outside, stay outside.
2. If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Stay away from windows and outside doors.
3. If you're outdoors, stay in an open space away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you).
4. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix.
5. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops.
6. Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway).

Step 3: What to Do After an Eartquake?

1. Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.
2. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else's phone).
3. Turn on the radio. Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency.
4. Stay out of damaged buildings.
5. Be careful around broken glass. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.
6. Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you).
7. Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking.
8. Stay away from damaged areas.
9. If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge.
10. Expect aftershocks.

Step 4: References

Consorcio Desastres Naturales (Natural Disasters ) - http://www.consorcio.cl/aprenda_de/emergencia_terremoto.asp - 12/10/2013

&quot;Center of the building&quot; or doorways are not always the best choice. <br>Check at least your home, office or school for a REINFORCED CONCRETE wall. Most modern buildings use pillars and beams to support the structure. You want to stand under one of those. <br> <br>Furniture must be soldi wood (no IKDE stuff) and it's purpouse is just to protect your head from falling books, shelves, light stuff. <br> <br>Wear shoes FISRT: you'd prefer to get out in the street in your pigiamas but with your shoes on. <br> <br>You might also want to have your BOB (Bug Out Bag) ready <br>

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