In this Instructable, you will learn how to whittle a staff / walking stick out of a cut off branch. Just so you know, whittle means to carve, specifically wood carving. There is more than just stripping off the bark in this Instructable! This is the same method that Rick Wiebe, with 50 years of experience, taught me, so you can't say I did a bad job! Remember to rate if you liked this 'ible!

Step 1: Tools Needed

The only tools needed are:

  • Axe or Machete Knife (used to cut down branch)
  • Knife (specifically a locking one)
  • Dry Wall Spackle or Old Ice Skate (Optional)
Would you recommend instead of using an old ice skate, using sand paper?
<p>I found my branch and set it in the kitchen overnight, for working on the next day. Found a lot of dust all over the floor the next morning,like a bug has been digging inside it. How does one clean the staff-to-be off such bugs?</p>
<p>I haven't read this before, but tried it myself, and it works Beautifully! After you've saved your &quot;ironwood&quot; for a year or so, stick it in a barrel of water for a couple hours, turn over and dunk the other half in....repeat if necessary. Bark comes off SOOOO easily!</p>
<p>Has anyone used those thick vines that hang from trees to make a walking stick? I cut a cool looking piece down and it's drying now.</p>
<p>Apple wood hasn't cracked on me yet. Sweet Gum did, I learned to apply melted wax to the ends to slow down the drying. Before that I had one that cracked, but it turned out to be a good look. I rounded out the edges along the cracks. I think it looks nice with the crevices, it is a hard would to take stain well.</p>
<p>Geesh, I meant wood not would :)</p>
I HAVE A PROBLEM!!!! i whitlleted my staff : yes I curved the bottom: yes pyrography :no staining: no HERE IS MY PROBLEM: on the first day of cutting down my small tree it was fine, i got rid of most of the green bark. Day 2 i got rid of the rest of the green bark and rounded the edge. It was dry and ready for use. TODAY, DAY 3 IT HAS MASSIVE CRACKS IN IT!!! WHY???? WAS IT BAD WOOD? DID I WHITTLE WRONG? WHAT WHENT WRONG?
Some woods are easy to cure, such as elm or Paulonia. Others, such as cherry need to be carefully run through the curing process, and even then much of the wood wil crack and crumble. I am assuming that you used some variety of wood that doesn't dry out easily. Taunton press put out a book on curing your own wood.
I will add that, for example, having made a lot of staves, when i had less experience, i attempted to make a staff out of hornbeam (Carpinus Caroliniana), a wonderful wood - i seasoned it, bark on for four months, then went to work, roughed it out and de-barked it. The next day, it had so many cracks, it looked a bit like rope. Unbelievable, i've never seen anything like it. Later, i made one from a piece that had seasoned for two years. I still have it - it is so durable, that when i accidentally shut it in a car's door, the door sustained a good deal more damage than did the staff. The type and age of the wood make a BIG difference. I usually look for 'dead standing' saplings in overgrown forest - they' already partially seasoned, they often are straight and grew slowly (they were struggling to reach the light), and i can tap them to see if they're solid. After cutting, and indeed after finishing, a good staff should have a ringing tone, if you hold it at the right place,and tap it. Also, i would recommend learning to use a drawknife and a spokeshave.
I live in Colorado Springs, which is over 6000 feet in altitude with winters that get below zero, and less than twenty inches of rainfall on the average. Recently, we have had a decade of drought, so the rainfall average may have to be recalculated down. The most common standing deadwood saplings here are either lodgepole pine or aspen. I have made a staff from aspen. I wish I could get some other varieties, like hornbeam or persimmon. I wonder if it would be possible to trade?
I grew up in Colorado (Boulder, Denver, Evergreen, &c.) . You' re right about the aspen, not bad wood, a bit soft and it rots easily. Could work if you cut one live and season it. Nice thing about aspen - your not killing the whole organism when you do. You might try spruce. Avoid cottonwood. In sheltered valleys you might get lucky and find chokecherry, maple ( and remember box-elder is a maple - though not a really hard one - and can produce the occasional pretty good staff ), birch, and feral crabapple and plum - from which i have made some of my favorite staves. I am also open to trade. Viva barter!
I have seen plum and feral crabapple around the area. The problem with them is that they, like cherry, are difficult to cure properly from what the Taunton book says. I may just have to read up on them, and try anyway, preparing several at a time just to make sure that I can get at least one workable one out of the deal. As for trade, I love the idea!
<p>I've used Ash, but boy is it hard. I took the bark off immediately, then carved it. No cracking. </p><p>I worked with plum, not knowing about it cracking, I left the bark on both ends until sufficiently dry. It has a lot of knots, which to me makes it better. I left some of the green bark which dried a nice brown and gives a mottled appearance to the stick. I clear coated it and it is beautiful. It is topped by a handle fashioned from another piece of thicker plum wood. </p><p>Yellow Wood is fairly soft, but boy it is beautiful. It's nearly useless as a walking stick, but it's such a pretty stick. </p>
I recently made a woodturning out of a piece of box-elder with red in it. It smelled a bit musty while I turned it, but it finished beautifully.
Cool! Haven't tried it yet, but being a maple, it can't be all bad, though some think it weedy. Recently found out that box-elder can be tapped for sap (to make syrup) and apparently the taste is good... but i wonder where one would ever find box-elder big enough (or old enough) to tap.<br>Have you done any staves with turned handles or knobs? I've been toying with the idea.<br>Keep up the good work,<br>-Z.
I have not yet turned a stave, but I have made some out of standing deadwood aspen. I plan to turn a stave very soon, and would like to put a knob on the end. Recently, I was turning a series of magic wands for www.merlinsrealm.com.
Hi this is an errand of mercy - I have begun collecting wood from the local forest and want to whittle my own staves. The wood is a mixture of Pine and I have let the limbs stand for a number of weeks. My question is when can I begin carving and one I particularly love is really heavy (too heavy for me to comfortably use.) Will I be able to whittle this down and what would be the best technique. Thank you
Im not sure how or why I got this in email (I look forward to hearing more comments or guidance about making my walking staff. I have collected the wood from a local forest and left it to stand for a few weeks. I guess I have to bite the bullet and just have a go but I am not sure I want the sadness of find that this beautiful is cracking. I there no way I can protect the wood ? ) I only do occasional carving so Im not all that knowledgeable, I do know you need to let the wood season for more than a couple weeks, a year would be better, some pieces crack no matter what you do, as long as it isn't to bad, I try to incorporate it into the carving. One of the best materials for almost instant staves/walking sticks/staffs would be replacement handles for shovels and rakes, they are usually made of ash or other hardwood and are a good height, they can be difficult to carve by hand but a dremel or other rotary tool minimizes that problem <br>
I do apologize, I am over enthusiastic, being new to this and having read some of your previous comments about making ones stave. I am afraid I thought go to the source and have bombarded people asking for help. My thoughts were really is there no way to keep moisture in the wood after I have removed the bark. I guess not and I need to see what will happen having already found out it hurts when the chisel slips. Thank you for responding
A good rule of thumb for green wood is to cut it and set it aside for one year for every inch of thickness.
Stripping the bark before the piece is dry is a common mistake but it IS a lot easier then. I hadn't thought about it before but perhaps if you set up a type of kiln to dry the wood faster like lumber yards do... it wouldn't be overly difficult, a piece of large diameter plastic pipe with a hairdryer at one end might even work. Im sure a commercial dryer gets a LOT hotter but for 1 or 2 pieces... might be a good experiment...
depends how good with tools you are,a rasp or file works well,knives need to be really sharp and sharpened often.moisture escapes from the end grain so use wood glue to seal it.you can whittle it down fairly soon after you collected it,but as you work on the wood you set up stresses in the structure so leave it outside so it doesnt dry too quick,or if you arent rushing seal the cuts with glue as well.and the advantage with working green timber is its a lot easier to cut than seasoned wood.or just do what i do and have loads of blanks to work on.
email me directly from my Instructables home page.&nbsp; I&nbsp;often trade wood blanks with others.&nbsp; I&nbsp;have hornbeam, black cherry (lots of that), many varieties of oak, maples, hickory, sassafras, elm,&nbsp; some juniper (eastern red cedar, much stronger than true cedar), prickly ash, sumac, and I&nbsp;can maybe get some Osage orange, but that is difficult to find in lengths suitable for a staff around here.<br />
I cut off a piece of maple from the north carolina mountains. Can it be used for carving? It had a vine growing in it and made a nice spiral shape. We also have lots of persimmon trees but the wood is fresh?
the maple sounds cool. We call it a twistie - very desirable and rare. If it's not too late I suggest drying it out carefully and slowly for months in the shed/barn/outhouse for the first couple then i a fairly cool dry area indoors later- with the bark on!&nbsp; Taking the bark off when it's fresh will cause it to split. good luck&nbsp;
Carving would most likely be fine, but if you mean for a walking stick, that depends upon what the diameter of the wood is - minus the bark. As for the persimmon, i've never worked it before, though i've seen things done in it, often beautifully. Given it's hardness and close relation to ebony, i suspect one WOULDN"T want to work it green (that is 'fresh'), but if you have lots to spare, there'd be no harm in a little experimentation. Good luck!
you sound like you have made your fair share of staves. You wouldn't bt any chance sell them would you. I am in the beginning stages of making my first staff/hiking stick and am a little worried I will mess it up and not have a proper stick in time for a hike I am taking. If you were willing to sell one let me know. Also a quick question can you make a staff out of Iron wood?
Fear not, it's not a pipe organ you're making. Trust yourself, and if you screw it up, make another. As far as having it ready for a hike, well, most places i've hiked, there's a fair chance of finding a decent stick trailside (don't cut down anything living if you can avoid it) - you don't need anything fancy, just sound wood, appropriate weight, and a knife to trim off twigs and shape the ends. That being so easy, don't rush the one you're making to get it ready in time. I do occasionally sell staves, but its like a good hat - do you really want to by one you haven't tried on? Also, shipping could be an issue. Where, in the world are you (area, not address)? The question of location also affects your question about ironwood. There are several (many?) species worldwide that are locally called 'ironwood', so that depends upon where you are. Where i am ( Catskill mountains, U.S.A.), 'ironwood' can refer to two different species: American Hornbeam - carpinus caroliniana, & Hop hornbeam - ostrya virginiana. They take a while - a LONG while to season, but i have a couple of staves made from these, both unsurprisingly very hard woods, given the name. I bit heavy, but sturdy - i once shut one accidentally in a car door, and the door was dented, the staff was, as far as i can tell, unscratched. For more information on these matters, read thoroughly this list of posts, others and mine, for there's a lot of good information here, from several people who, to borrow your phrase, have made their fair share of staves. Thanks for asking, and let me know which ironwood we're talking about, and perhaps i'll have a useful tip (or then again, perhaps not) Cheers, and good luck.
"Ironwood" is a generic term applied to any very hard wood from Persimmon to Hornbeam to Manzanita to Lignum Vitae.
<p>Sounds like the wood dried out too fast. That's about the only thing that will cause &quot;checking&quot;.</p>
<p>Oh man! sorry to hear about your project going soooo wrong! I'm new to creatingwalking sticks and have a million questions.</p>
the only reason i can think of this happening is if you left it near a radiator or something pretty hot like a fire. this would dry out the outside side of the shaft too quickly making it contract and crack like soil in really hot countries but the inside wouldn't dry out as quickly. the answer to this is don't leave it so near a radiator. theres no way to fix this once its cracked. just start over with another branch unfortunately. hope this answers your question
idk what happened
Well, if u told me what wood you used, posted some pictures of how/where it cracked, I could help you.
kk ill get the stuff together also i did do one varient , instead of useing a branch i used a trunk, a thin trunk and left the roots on to give it more of a warlock look t o it
<p>I made mine out of birch wood. Used an old ice skate to clean it up after speeding up the drying of the bark with a hot air blower. I used a soldering iron to write my name and some runes on the staff.</p><p>I'm drying it in the sauna right now and hoping it won't crack. If it doesn't then I'm going to stain and treat it.</p><p>Thank you for the guide!</p>
<p>Birch has a tendency to rot if left to dry with the bark on. So it's necessary to strip birchwood of bark early on. I don't know if Finnish birch is different from American but that's how it works here.</p>
<p>Is there a mfr who sells staffs ready for finishing? </p>
<p>Over the years I've made numerous walking sticks and staffs. I've also used just about everything imaginable to &quot;skin&quot; them with and to provide various finishes. One thing I've picked up from &quot;old timers&quot; is to use a piece of glass to put a finish on it. It works a lot better to wear a leather glove when you are scraping it with the glass, just so you don't draw blood. I learned that with a little practice you can get it smoother with glass than with most any sand paper. You can get off a lot cheaper too with glass, just break and old soda bottle and use the edges. If it gets dull, just break it off again.</p>
<p>Yes if you do not want your hiking stick with the bark always strip it right after collecting the wood. if you let the wood dry the bark will be 400% more difficult to remove and plus a lot more sanding to make it smooth if you want to remove it.<br><br>Walking sticks making is a great hobby &lt;a href=&quot;www.walking-hiking-sticks.com&quot;&gt;that extends you outdoors trips&lt;/a&gt; in doors.</p>
<p>In regards to &quot;what can you do to a stick once you peel the bark for it dries slower&quot; Answer : I have been using this method for over twenty years, and it works well. Carve off all your bark while the stick is green &amp; fresh, so much easier. Then grab some cheap varnish &amp; give it a couple coats, don't worry about sanding, or that the wood is wet, it will still take OK. Let the varnish dry &amp; tape a piece of plastic over each end &quot;helps with slitting at the ends. Now the stick WILL still dry with the varnish on, just slower, if your stick is a bit crooked, now would be a good time to clamp it to a straight rail or some thing, that way when it is done drying, it will have dried straight.. When the stick is done drying, just sand the varnish off, not an extra step sense you would be sanding it anyway. When your stick is shaped &amp; sanded to your liking give it a couple good coats of varnish, or tung oil &quot;finish&quot; And yes patience is a virtue when making a staff - stick - cane, etc.</p><p>Have fun</p><p>Jon</p>
I leave near the NH coast and use driftwood to to make walking sticks. look for instructionals on how to prep driftwood if you go this route. the end result is a very light stick that is strong with a unique finish.
<p>Great article, although I feel the need to add, you should be careful what type of stick you use, not all are created the same and will tend to become fragile when they dry out. And also, do not forget to treat the wood with a finish in order to prevent corrosion and termite infestation.</p><p>Eric | http://www.dmepromed.com/products-services.htm </p>
<p>is it possible to burn a design into your stick and if so how?</p>
<p>You can burn a drawing onto wood using a soldering iron. When i studied boat building someone drew a lizard on a bolsa surfboard with one. hope that helps</p>
<p>I picked up a dead piece of Cypress wood and want to use it. It looks to not be rotten or be infested with insects. Is it possible to preserve it and use for a walking stick?</p>
If you have the time, allowing the wood blank to dry in the sun for several weeks with the bark still on it will prevent much of the checking/cracking/splitting that occurs when working with green or wet wood. It allows the wood to dry more evenly. Of course that means a little more work to strip the bark and/or do your carving, but for me it's worth the effort. And yes, it's best to gather your blanks in the fall when the moisture content is lower. Nice Instructable.
<br>I have cut my stick, but wasn't sure how to round the end. <br>Your instructions are very easy to follow. <br>Thank you for sharing!
Could you mut a sword or knife in there or not?

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Bio: One of my favorite hobbies is dismantling electronics, then either combining them together to create something new, or adding components to make them better. I ... More »
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