In certain climates a whole house fan (WHF) is an effective way to offset the high cost of air conditioning. The theory works particularly well in areas with very hot days and nice cool nights like the Central Valley of California where we happen to live. The WHF is installed in the ceiling and blows upward into the attic to force the hot air accumulated during the day out your roof vents while sucking cool nigh-time air into the house through open doors and windows. In the morning, the fan is turned off and windows and doors are closed up to prevent the cooled interior from warming up.
For many homes, installation of a pre-manufactured WHF is quite simple. Calculate the volume of your home (square feet of floor space times average ceiling height) and use readily available formulas to determine the size of the fan you need. Then cut a properly reinforced hole in your ceiling based upon the size of the fan you are using and mount the unit. You also need to calculate and allow for the proper amount of roof venting. There are many pre-manufactured WHF units which can be found at big box stores and on the internet.
In our case, however, we ran into two snags during the planning phases of the project. While our home has a relatively modest 2,383 square feet of floor space, our ceilings are 10 feet tall rather than the normal eight. As a result, the volume of air we needed to move was larger than most typical homes and beyond the capacity of most lower cost WHFs.
Our second, and larger, problem was that whole house fans are designed to operate in a horizontal position. Unfortunately, due to truss design and a maze of duct work, there was virtually no area in our attic where a “store bought” WHF could be mounted horizontally.
As a result, we ended up designing and building our own vertical WHF. We used a “drum fan” which is made to operate an a vertical position and has the additional benefit of moving large amounts or air at a lower cost than typical whole house fans.
[Note to readers: After publication of this instructable, member g1981c offered some additional information about fan design and effectiveness which can be found in the comments section. Based on those comments, I just (6/12/14) swapped out the original drum fan (which is NOT designed as an exhaust fan) and installed a fan specifically designated as an exhaust fan. The improvement in air movement and cooling is clearly evident. We can run this new fan for half the time we ran the drum fan and draw in more cool night air than we did before. I was also able to find just enough unobstructed flat surface in the attic to get this new fan installed in the horizontal position. This note is just to recommend that readers not only insure that the fan they select is installed in the correctly designed position (vertical or horizontal) but that the fan be designed specifically as an exhaust fan.
Fortunately, our drum fan is being put to good use keeping out breezeway and my workshop cool and usable during the heat of the day.]