There are only a few basic needs for survival in the wilderness.:
Fire: You should have some thing to light a fire. A lighter or Firesteel will do the job well, but if the only things you can get are matches, USE THEM!
Water: You will probably want to make your camp near a water source such as a stream or spring. To make sure that you don't poison your water supply by taking a crap next to the spring, try to go downhill from the water source. Before you can drink the water, you MUST filter it. You can do this by boiling you water in a tin can, or by using a water filter.
Shelter: I would build a lean to by finding a large enough rock and getting enough sticks to build a small shelter.
Food: You all know how it goes! FOOD=CALORIES=ENERGY=SURVIVAL! You can get small game by using snares with acorns or other foods that animals like.
Navigation+Signalling: You can use an old CD as a signal mirror. To find your way around, any compass will do, as long as you trust it.
Tools: You should at the minimum have a pen knife or multitool with a knife on it. You can go all out and get a hunting knife (I prefer having both) with a 3-5 inch blade. I also like to have a kitchen knife for cleaning animals that I would kill to get food.
First Aid: It always pays off to have a small first aid kit to come in handy when you get a boo-boo out in the woods. You should keep a couple baby wipes in it to help when you take a dump in the woods because you are not going to want to wipe your Butt with a leaf! I can tell you that for a fact (Not that I've tried it :) )
Step 1: Hats
If you are in a sunny environment, or a winter wonderland, you will want a hat.
Step 2: Boots
You should always have some boots that you think are comfortable, so you don't get blisters on your feet while you are trekking through the woods.
Step 3: Gloves
Gloves are a must have when you are in a cold climate. You do not want your fingers to freeze and turn black and fall off....... all while you are lost in the woods.
Step 4: Fire Starting Tools
You will always want to have a warm crackling blaze instead of a cold dark night. Here are some tools for that.
Step 5: Knives and Tools
Knives and Multi Tools are the best when you need to build something or cut something in the woods.
Step 6: The Real Book of Camping
This book is AMAZING! It is perfect for any beginner in survival.
Step 7: Lighting
If you can't get a fire going, it is good to have a couple of flashlights in case you have to be in the dark.
Step 8: First Aid
It is always good to have a first aid kit. Yours should contain at least a few band-aids and some antibiotic ointment for cuts.
Step 9: Bandana
Bandanas are good for a variety of things. You can filter out large particles in stream or spring water, or you can use it to keep your face warm in the winter and fall.
Step 10: Coffee Can and Rigid Metal Netting
A coffee can is good for a whole variety of things. You can use it to boil water in it. The metal netting is good for supporting the coffee can to boil water.
Step 11: Rope Net
A rope net is good for many traps for animals and it is also good for holding up cover in a shelter.
Step 12: Compasses
Two compasses will probably guide you to where you are going if you got off the trail.
Step 13: Bug Repellent
You will probably go mad without this.
Step 14: Metal Bar
This is good for if animals are attacking you, you can just whack them, or when you are messing with the fire.
Step 15: Sewing Kit
Sewing kits are good for killing the hole in your sock when its bugging you like there's no tomorrow.
Step 16: Signal Mirror and Signal Light
A CD is a good signal mirror to have. A small key chain red light is also a good signal.
Step 17: Pure Water
Pure water is DEFINITELY something you should have in your survival kit!
Step 18: Notebook and Pencil
Lets face it. If you could not write one thing down, you would go CRAZY!!!!!
Step 19: Rain Poncho
Rain ponchos are great for the rain. They keep you dry and (possibly) warm.
Step 20: Plastic Bags
Plastic bags are the bomb when it comes to food storage.
Step 21: Fishing Kit
It is good to have a small fishing kit to catch some easy dinner!
Step 22: Candles
These are good to have for easy light if you cannot find your flashlight.
Step 23: Aluminum Foil
This is good if you have some meat you want to cook over the fire.