Introduction: Wind Generator From Old Scanner [updated]

I'll show you how to recycle an old scanner into an amazing wind generator.
You need it, clean energy!

Step 1: What You Need?

What you need:

- Old scanner
- Rectifier diodes (I used 8 1N4007)
- 1000uF Capacity
- LM7805 (voltage regulator for 5 volts)
- PVC pipe (for blades)
- Plastic square (for tail)
- Aluminum pieces (i used alumynum, but you can use what you want)

Step 2: Recycle Old Scanner

Those scanners should have a mini fluorescent tube that can be still used in your projects, some electronic parts and the most important thing, a good stepper motor.

In my case i got a 4-phase stepper motor :)

Step 3: Building the Rectifier Circuit

Since stepper motors generate alternate voltage you need to rectify it. Each phase must be rectified with 2 diodes, this is, 8 diodes.

The output of the rectifiers will be stabilized with a 1000uF capacity and a 5v voltage regulator (LM7805 in my case).

Attach some connectors to allow charging different gadgets. I added a female USB connector since my phone and mp3 use USB to charge.

Note 1: this motor can generate easily more than 5V, but i only need 5V by the way.

Note 2: there is an issue with the USB female connector. You need to follow the USB specifications in order to make it work. USB2 charging needs two 15KOhm resistances on the data buses to work properly. Check comments on this instructable for more info: USB charger

Note 3: I used this free software for circuit simulation: QUCS
It lacks of some components right now, but it's great after all.

UPDATE
Still can't get usb charging on my phone. My mp3 charge ok, i think it's USB1.

Step 4: Build the Blades

I made the blades using the Chispito instructable.

Check it now!

Step 5: Build the Structure

I don't have plans of the structure, since I thought it while cutting it :)
Take my photo as help.

update:
I must rebuild the rudder, since it's too small.
I'll post pics of a new one soon

Step 6: End!

That's all. As final step, you can make a nice circuit and make some adjustments to structure/blades to give your personal touch.

Try it on a windy day and charge your phone/mp3/ipod for free :)

Note: i don't have any photos since those days there is no wind, but I promise uploading a few more.

Comments

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gilles99 made it!(author)2008-12-03

your third picture have a mistaque with your graetz

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paziek made it!(author)2015-03-29

You mean he put capacitor rated for 5V before regulator, while he also claims that source can provide more than 5V?

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tomtortoise made it!(author)2010-11-15

yo which pulley should i get and are there metal ones??? and do i need to remove the pinion gear and how.

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javotech made it!(author)2008-06-08
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rikkiesix made it!(author)2010-09-12

Hi there.
Can you tell me what part it is u used for making your turbine pivot.
There are some bearings in it i see.
Greetings from Belgium
Erik

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DeanC993 made it!(author)2009-02-13

sorry i keep commenting but is your stepping motor MITSUMI M42SP-4NK LOT NO.T G 6117 if so i af the exact same motor as you is it from lexmark?

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stormthirst made it!(author)2010-07-13

The make and model of motor shouldn't make a difference, provided that it's a stepper motor, which is rated to have approximately the same output. What it comes out of is irrelevant.

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azngiant1212 made it!(author)2010-04-05

 I have made one with a PM55L-048 Stepper Motor took from an old HP Deskjet printer. But I need a rectifier circuit for my stepper because it is a unipolar I think with 5 wires coming out from it. Please Help! Thanks.

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randommate made it!(author)2010-01-18

 hey neat instructable.  i have been trying to think of something of this size as well.. any chance you could update with more info on the range of output your turbine can supply? cheers.

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mrjtwill made it!(author)2009-08-01

how did you build the hub so you could attach the blades?

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electronic+boy made it!(author)2009-08-25

The hub/meccano pulley has holes for meccano screws already in it

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electronic+boy made it!(author)2009-08-25

how in gods name did you get that fiddly gear off of the end of the stepper motor

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electronic+boy made it!(author)2009-08-25

if you want to light a bulb then your best bet is to put a charging circuit and a battery so your light dose not flicker if there is no wind

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Jr+Hacking+kid made it!(author)2008-10-23

it he meccano gear this one? =D

wind part.JPG
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happybiscuit23 made it!(author)2009-02-20

Is this metal or plastic? I found the plastic one to break very easily, it would only take a light wind. This one is made of the same plastic all the new meccano kits come with, it chipped away and is cheap enough that I would not reccomend its use.

A3 windgen.JPG
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Jr+Hacking+kid made it!(author)2009-07-27

metal its called a "meccano 19b"

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Jr+Hacking+kid made it!(author)2009-04-11

its metal look it up in ebay its a 19b part i think google and macth the pics ok

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happybiscuit23 made it!(author)2009-03-12

Is the gear metal.?

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emdarcher made it!(author)2009-02-19

where did you get the old scanner?

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slinger14 made it!(author)2009-02-18

could you use a zeiner diode to by-pass the 7805 when the voltage is under 5 volts?

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DeanC993 made it!(author)2009-02-17

hi could you just hook up a light to the generator i have the same generator as you and i only want to light a bulb of it o you know how i could do it?

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clark made it!(author)2009-02-13

thats what he is using, so i'd say yes

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-12-06

Hey everyone, I'm still working on mine, got some big gusts and broke 2 of the blades... topped out at .005V... I must have fried a diode during soldering. So I fixed the blades and never put it back up (bad move) and I dropped the blades and broke one of the previous broken ones again, so here I am fixing it... anyways, if you REALLY want to follow me, head on over too http://ciaagentswindmillblog.wordpress.com/ where I will post about it.

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garyuou made it!(author)2008-10-22

Hi, everybody! New energy industry is developing at high speed, and it does have a bright future. Do you guys realize this? If you interested in wind turbineor need any information, you can contact me.

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-10-09

Update on mine, Bad news. We got a windstorm and I seen it going too fast, so I thought I'd take it down. I go out there and lift the pole out of the ground and the blade slowly moved forward an inch, then tilted down. I then though that I didn't feel like being decapitated, so I dropped the pole and ran. As I watched it fall, I realized what a bad mistake that was. It hit the garden and broke two blades off. Luckily, they were on opposite sides so it still works. Good news: I finally got something for a bearing, and came up with a design for the thing to transfer electricity down the pole without wires. I will flatten copper pipe and use some kind of brush to rub them. So this is my update, and its a long one. Stay tuned for more.

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-09-24

Hey everyone, update on mine: I finally have it up temporarily, (its in an underground sprinkler hole with broks around it and no electronics hooked up) anyways, here are some images: I know it leans, but its only temp.

DSCF0041.JPGDSCF0042.JPGDSCF0043.JPG
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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-09-26

I hooked up the electronics, I only get .004V. If i spin it really fast by hand I can barely get 1V. Looks like I need to fix something. When I was soldering last night, I got a drop of solder on one of the rectifier diodes so I'm thinking that killed it.

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-09-25

Of course there would be a wind storm after I put it up... I guess I should move the cementing the pipe in the ground to a priority, luckily, the hole it was in kept it from falling down completely. I am getting good RPM's out of it, I do not know the voltage yet as I don't have the rectifier circuit hooked up.

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-09-24

*sorry, I meant bricks, not brocks.

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danlab made it!(author)2008-06-26

I have a stepper motor which has 5 wires, black being a common lead, does anyone know how to rectify it, if it is possible? down below is a picture of the wiring diagram that came from the manufacturer p.s. Great Instructable, just wish I had an old scanner I didn't need

IMG_1958[1]
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dark+sponge made it!(author)2008-07-20

Try this

diagram.bmp
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gadget_brain made it!(author)2008-07-20

Get a hold of an old HP inkjet printer they have some nice motors. 500, 600, 700 series (and probably most any of their inkjets). I've gotten some nice 5 wire stepper motors out of them. There's also a nice DC motor which would work well.

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dark+sponge made it!(author)2008-06-29

I just took apart a printer, and one of the stepper motors is almost exactly like that one (for some reason there were two motors, and it was just a plain printer without a scanner). I will use the diagram and try to figure out how to rectify it. If I do, ill post it

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gadget_brain made it!(author)2008-07-20

Most printers that I have taken apart have 2 motors. One for moving the paper through and another for moving the print head. HP 500, 600, 700 etc series printers have a really nice stepper motor for moving the paper and a really nice DC motor for moving the print head.

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mikemmcmeans made it!(author)2008-04-22

my motor came out of a HP scanner it has 6 leads 2 for separate coils should i make a 6-way rectifier or is there a better way

6-way_motor.bmp6-way_rectifier.bmp
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mikemmcmeans made it!(author)2008-05-22

thanks that was a great explanation but any idea how i would know which wires are the right ones on the coils?

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javotech made it!(author)2008-06-08

look at the scanner circuit board, maybe some wire wasn't connected to any component. or use a multimeter (on ac). good luck!

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TheNerdGroup made it!(author)2008-06-03

Nice work
Im going to use this with my newman engine, : v)

Bill - N.e.R.d. Group

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btop made it!(author)2008-04-17

Ok, mine is done :) Heres the flickr photo stream. PHOTOS

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-05-24

Hello? please? :(

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btop made it!(author)2008-05-30

Well, this may sound funny, but I've lost my turbine. Oops. So I've posted some sketches on mu flickr using the immensely technical M$ Paint :)

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-05-10

nice job! but can you email me or something with more detail on the pivot? I'm kinda stuck on that.... :(

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btop made it!(author)2008-04-18

I'm getting about 24v 1a unloaded from each rectifier!

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neardood made it!(author)2008-04-13

why would'nt a DC motor work? it could generate you DC power without having to build the converter circutry. You could just stick a power indicater or sompthing on there insted

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btop made it!(author)2008-04-18

A DC motor would work, But a stepper motor would be more suited to a small wind turbine like this, as it can potentially produce a higher voltage than DC at lower speeds.

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neardood made it!(author)2008-04-29

oh. what if you put bigger fins on it. I've seen commercially sold versions of that sold and even in relativley light breezes they really go.

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srainsdon made it!(author)2008-04-24

what about the spinning thing in a VCR is that a stepper motor

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turner22 made it!(author)2008-04-22

wow, could you make it any harder?

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ciaagent made it!(author)2008-03-30

Currently I'm trying to find a drillbit of the right size to fir the motor shaft, but I'm having trouble, I got the blades mounted and everything is going as planned!