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Window-mounted solder fume extractor (not just for RVs!)

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Picture of Window-mounted solder fume extractor (not just for RVs!)
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This is my solution for solder fume extraction for my home (RV) workbench. It uses a dryer hose, a computer fan, and some insulation board to make a removable solder venting system that blows fumes outside. You can even use it for regular houses, too!
 
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Step 1: Get parts together

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You'll need the following:
- Piece of rigid foam insulation material or wood 5 or 6 inches (125-150mm) wide by almost the width of your window (minus a gap for weatherstripping). I used 1/2" (12mm) polyisocyanurate insulation board (the stuff with foil on both sides and rigid yellow material inside).
- Outside clothes dryer vent (I used a 4" (100mm) diameter vent kit) with inside trim ring
- Two pieces of sheet-metal dryer hose tubing for ends
- Piece of flexible dryer hose long enough to go from window to soldering area plus some extra length
- Computer fan (12VDC) small enough to fit inside the dryer hose tubing. If you're using 4" (100mm) dryer hose, you should probably use a 60mm fan. You'll want the highest flow fan you can find.
- Power cable for computer fan, and either a 12V lighter plug (if you're using this in an RV and have 12V power handy like I do) or a 12V power supply capable of powering the fan.
- Open-cell foam, at least 1" (2.5cm) thick and bigger than dryer hose
- Weatherstripping (1/2"/12mm) for edge of panel
- Bendable wire for legs (I used 0.105"/2.7mm suspended ceiling wire)
- Rubber bands
- hot melt glue, contact cement, duct tape, or other adhesive/tape to put everything together with

Look at what's included in the "dryer vent kit" in your local hardware store; it might contain all the dryer hose related parts.

Step 2: Cut window insert panel to size

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Cut a piece of rigid insulation or wood to fit in your partially opened window. In the second photo, it's the light blue piece that's jammed into the window. I used foil-covered 1/2 inch thick polyisocyanurate insulation board; this is much quicker to work with than wood, and is a better insulator. Avoid the polystyrene foam insulation board if you can, as it'll make a mess.

Step 3: Add weatherstripping on edges of window panel

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Add strips of weatherstripping or other compressible foam material around the edge of the window insert panel to seal out the weather. You'll probably find that the self-adhesive weather stripping doesn't attach too well to the crumbly foam edges, so you might want to put tape around the edges first so that the weatherstripping's adhesive can stick to it.

I used strips of Gorilla Tape to hold the foam down on mine.

Step 4: Attach dryer vent to window panel

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Cut a hole in the panel to hold the pipe from the outside dryer vent. It's easiest to just trace around the pipe and cut it with a razor knife. Then assemble the dryer vent to the pipe, and insert the pipe through the panel. Attach it somehow (hot melt, etc.), and make sure that it's sealed so that the outside air doesn't seep through around the edges. Here I used more Gorilla Tape to hold the tube in. I also used tape on the edge of the pipe, since the metal is sharp and I didn't want to cut myself or the dryer vent hose on it.

Step 5: Make foam mounting for computer fan

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Cut a piece of compressible, open-cell foam at least as thick as the computer fan (I used some polyurethane packing foam) to fit snugly inside the dryer vent (make it a little bigger than the vent diameter). I traced around the tube from the other end of the dryer hose for this. Then cut out a square opening for the computer fan; make it a bit smaller than the fan's dimensions so that the fan will fit snugly.

Step 6: Connect fan to power cord

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Make a hole in the metal vent tubing just inside the window panel to pass the cord through. Put a rubber or plastic grommet in the hole to keep the cord from getting cut (or use hot-melt glue after you put the cord through). Solder or crimp-connect a cord to the fan terminals (make sure to pass the wires through first if you're crimping!) and stick the cord through the hole.

Step 7: Insert fan into foam

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Now put the fan into the square hole in the foam, and then put both together into the dryer vent tubing. Use hot melt glue if necessary to keep the foam from sliding around.

Step 8: Make 'vent hood' out of trim ring and stiff wire

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Use the inside trim ring from the dryer vent, the other piece of metal vent tubing, and some stiff wire to make the "vent hood". Even better: make a larger hood with better capture area out of cardboard, coroplast, aluminum roof flashing, gallon plastic milk jug, or other rigid material. The stiff wire I used was the sort that is used for hanging suspended ceilings; it measures 0.105" (2.7mm) in diameter and is easy to form. I bent hooks at the ends to go through the holes in the trim ring (which I had to drill out a bit). I also used rubber bands to hold the legs together.

I used rubber adhesive stuff (like blu-tack) to hold the corners of the legs down and keep them from sliding.

Step 9: Put panel in window and attach dryer hose

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Now you're ready to go! Open your window, put in the panel, and then close the window so the panel is held snugly. Then attach the dryer hose between the vent tubing and the hood tubing.

Step 10: Plug in power and start soldering!

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Now plug in your power supply (or 12V lighter plug if you're in an RV; I used an old cell phone charger cable from the thrift shop) and you're ready to go. Adjust the hood so that it is as close as possible to where you're soldering and make sure that it's capturing the fumes OK. Make the hood bigger if you need to.
hjjhjhgjjh9 years ago
Ya the solder fumes really make you go crazy I think this is pretty useful might have to try this good job

Given that solder is usually made of lead, it literally makes you go crazy! Ha ha heh...

Ah, the only time flux fumes really bug me is when I use my 5 pound solder pot. An iron tip just doesn't make enough to do it to me usually. But when the fumes got you down I gotta admit it is pretty nasty! Where I used to work we had box fans mounted to blocks of wood to suck the fumes away. No hose or anything to transmit the fumes out of the work area. Thing is I guess not to have the fumes just blowing right up your nose.
well I know it does kill brain cells, so it cant be good. this guy has a great idea.
I'll keep that in mind the next time I am fireside. rosin flux after all is just pine sap. And no, I don't think this fellow singlehandedly invented the fume hood. It sure seems like an awful lot of trouble over a minor annoyance to me.
well the thing is, when your indoors, all that smoke gets trapped inside and you breath it over and over, then that can be damaging.

most people have central heating and air, along with thousands of tiny cracks and openings in their house that let new air in or out.

so the smoke doesn't really get trapped inside.

but, of course it's definitely better to get rid of it as soon as possible, as with a fume hood like this instructable.

also, your not only burning the flux, your burning lead and tin. that can DEFFINETLY be damaging.
Dorien pfred16 years ago
It is not the rosin, the metals are the killers and mutators. Toxins, not particles. Many in this topic keep referring to the "rosin" fumes and the "irritation" of the smoke. Unfortunately it is what is not visible or irritating that is harmful, this time anyway. Dorien
Cobalt59 Dorien4 years ago
It IS the rosin fumes, along with all of the suspended particulate matter and such. And I believe toxins are particles.
perfect for all you at home meth cooks
Cobalt594 years ago
Pretty nice shop for an RV.
ReCreate6 years ago
wow your going on vacation while you have a whole soldering set and tons of more awesome stuff too thumbs up!
Hello all this is off this subject but its the closest thing i can find too help me. Im a glassblower and i use oxygen and propane too melt glass and add metals too the glass like silver gold exct. but im haveing troubles finding a way too ventilate my workshop and heat it in the winter and cool in the summmer. Right now i use a atic fan but its pullin way too much air out so im gonna construct a box too add a dryer hose too condence the area of exhast but is there a certian formula i can use too figure out air intake i can go on and on but pls someone help i cant figure out how too stay warm or cool and have a healthy breathing enviroment at the same time sorry about the run ons lol
are you using oxygen and propane TORCHES? or do you have a furnace? if you've got a furnace it should have it's own ventilation system or at least places to hook up a ventilation system to ventilate the gasses inside the furnace outside
hmm...me likey. I'm going ot build one for my room,except I'm going ot use a mini-desktop fan and jsut make the hose spread out to fit it (for more power)
Myself8 years ago
I keep thinking that the wire support frame could be paneled in with sheets of plexiglas or something, to block crosswise air currents that might otherwise waft fumes away before the hose inhales them. Then I think that this is also the perfect place to mount lights, because there always seem to be too many shadows around the tip of my iron. Then I realize that a face-shield could be integrated here, so you don't have to worry about solder or flux spattering if there's moisture in a joint or if you whack something while it's hot and molten blobs go flying off. (This was, incidentally, my favorite way of removing excess solder from the tip before I got a decent sponge holder.) Yikes, creeping featurism! Pretty soon I'll have a whole workbench hanging from the end of a hose...
bikeNomad (author) 9 years ago
Here's the finished product. You can see how the wire legs are held to the trim ring using rubber bands.
very cool, do you mind me asking what you're doing with a mobile soldering/EE lab like that?
bikeNomad (author)  radiorental9 years ago
It's my home...

If you want to look around inside it, I've got a badly shot pano at http://bike-nomad.com/RV/rvpano.html
A man of discernable tastes. I use the same soldering iron and miller chair. How did you do the panoramic? I likes it.
bikeNomad (author)  radiorental9 years ago
Just took a bunch of overlapping pictures, then used Hugin for OS/X to splice them together into one long image, then used some Windows program (forget which one) to make that into a QTVR.
its that last step I'm looking for, but searching fo qtvr should do - thanks
bikeNomad (author)  radiorental9 years ago
thanks very much! I wonder if you know of anything for OSX, not that I cant use this... I just do all my image editing on OSX and prefer to not have to swap over to a PC for the last step but again, thanks!! flat panos look terrible
A quick search for 'panorama' at www.versiontracker.com yeilds a bunch of results.
bikeNomad (author)  krusty9 years ago
Yes, but none of them did what I wanted, which was to (1) be free, and (2) produce a QTVR file that could be viewed without having to load a special viewer. DId you find any Mac OS X pano software that met these desires?
There are some Java-based viewers with the goal of exploring gigapixel-scale images in a browser. Look at GSV or Zoomify. They might be suitable for your pano-sharing needs too.
Heheh, Nice chair. I know the one's we had at the game company where worth 600 bucks. how much U pay? I wanna get one, they are sOOoo comfy
Quite a kitchen knife collection you have there, if I may say so.
leahculver8 years ago
Great job! I like that it's large enough to suck fumes from many types of tools.
I like even more that you said that.
dome_head9 years ago
but I love the smell of fresh solder in the morning.
That look cool! I made a simple and portable version of this without the ducting and using 240V AC fan ( I am in NZ). Simply soldered a mains power socket Into the frame of the fan and used a 3- pin earthed power lead. AC wall power points have a switch in NZ and Australia so I did not need to put a switch. Of course I insulated exposed mains wires to make whole thing safe. I found that ducting was not necessary as fan did blow the fumes away from my nose.