Wireless AVR Programmer (WiFi)




Posted in TechnologyArduino

Introduction: Wireless AVR Programmer (WiFi)

About: Electronics and Telecommunication Engineer, Software Engineer, Hobbyist

This wireless programmer provides an AVR ISP programmer over Wi-Fi network.

You can either have it connected to your WiFi router/access point or open an Access Point in the programmer itself and connect to it directly.

Hardware Materials:

1x -- ESP8266 (ESP-12E/F module) -- Rs.250 ($3-4 appx)

1x -- 5v SMPS (12v would also do) -- Rs.50 ($1 appx)

7x -- Jumper / Hookup wire -- Rs.35 (50cents appx)

1x 1117 3.3v regulator (if 5v is used for Atmega)

Note: Follow schematic for circuit for programmer.

Software Material:


ESP_ConfigStorage (library)

Note: Download the master folder into your Arduino sketchbook folder. Install ESP_ConfigStorage to your default library folder or copy all files to downloaded WiFi_AVRISP folder.


PC (With Java and Arduino software installed along with ESP8266 hadware and tools)

USB to TTL converter (CP2102/FTDI232 etc)

USB cable for connecting PC to USB-TTL

Connecting wire for USB-TTL to ESP-12E

Note: If you have Nodemcu or something similar, you might not need this extra cables.

Step 1: Install Netburner Virtual COMM Port Driver

Install netburner com port driver software from Netburner site.

http://www.netburner.com/ -> Products -> Netburner Software, Protocols & Tools Suite -> Deployment Tools -> Download Virtual COMM Port Driver

Install the software as usual.

Step 2: Uploading the AVR_ISP Program to ESP8266

  1. First confirm your USB-TTL port in device manager.
  2. Then open Arduino IDE and WiFi_AVRISP program in it.
    Note: You must have ESP8266 boards installed first. If not do so now.
  3. Select NodeMcu 1.0 (ESP-12E) in boards menu.
  4. Set Flash size to 4M (1M SPIFFS), 4M (3M SPIFFS) will also do.
  5. Port to USB-TTL port.
  6. Upload the program.
  7. Upload data folder.

Step 3: Connect to ESP8266

Connect to ESP8266 module.

It can have any name based on module or previous configurations. But it should be open by default.

I used a phone, any WiFi enabled device should do.

Step 4: Configure ESP8266

Configure ESP8266 WiFi configuration.
You can make it connect to your Access Point (I used TPLINK WR841ND router), or open an access point inside it.

Step 5: Configure Netburner Virtual COMM Driver

User your preconfigured IP or check router for IP allocated.

I used reserved IP address in router.

Step 6: Program Atmega Using AVRISP

Connect your Atmega chip in ISP connection to your newly made WiFi_AVRISP device.

Upload program using programmer option.

Note: First upload after power up will miss first 3-4 sync, but will upload finally. Net uploads will have no such hiccups.

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    No, I want to know this micro (Atmega 328) has arduino bootloader ?

    hi does it need arduino bootloader for atmega328 p?

    1 reply

    Not necessary. You can directly upload the HEX or use any AVR Programmer.

    i've try the tutorial with nodemcu and arduino, and i can connected nodeMCU with the laptop but when i upload the program (step 6), i got error like :

    avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
    avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 1 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x03


    attempt 10 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x03

    could you help me ?
    thanks before :)

    1 reply

    Did you follow the steps exactly?

    Please provide the connection you are using. Picture or video.

    please help!!, where I can change SSID and Password ,, thanks in advance

    9 replies

    SSID of what?

    If you are asking for changing SSID of ESP, then check Step 4.

    I mean that after uploading avrisp and data folder, I can't access the esp through IP .

    I can't complete Step 4 :(

    Please describe step by step the procudure you followed.

    So you connect to esp directly?
    But after that when you open ip addess in your phone/pc it dosen't open?

    How did you connect to ESP?
    Did you connect to it using built-in AP?

    May I contact you by email ? :) :)

    Thank you for your help

    I would prefer to use this chat, as it would also help others while troubleshooting.

    You can always PM me for personal queries.

    Nice work:

    I tried to compile and have an error because Arduino Ide not find ESP_ConfigStorage library.
    I searched the web and find nothing. I have properly installed all libraries for ESP8266 and have already updated several sketcks for nodemcu ESP12E.
    Please can you tell me where to find this library?.
    Thank you.

    4 replies



    Many Thanks

    I have updated the instructable with library link directly.