Picture of Wireless Controlled Robotic Hand

This is my school project for the 5th year of high school (I'm Italian, we have 5 years of high school).

It consists in an artificial hand controlled by a glove with flex sensors. The artificial hand reproduces the movements of the hand with the control glove, wirelessly. The hand and the glove works both with Arduino.

I just wanted to share my work for everyone interested :)

This guide is still in development, sorry if some parts are not clear, I'll put some 3D images in future.

I'm sharing something about my project on my facebook page:

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Step 1: Materials needed

Picture of Materials needed

I bought almost everything from, they have fair prices (I don't mean to advertise!)

Total cost: ABOUT 160$

The materials needed for the control glove are:

  • an elastic glove;
  • LilyPad Arduino board (there are different versions, which usually only have 4 analog inputs, so pay attention and buy the one in the image): it works exactly like the classic Arduino UNO, so you can use even an Arduino Nano, but pay attention to the voltage needed;
  • XBee module: for the radio communication;
  • Shield to connect the Xbee module;
  • 5 Flex sensors;
  • 5 resistors: 47 KΩ;
  • battery pack with 3x1.5 V batteries (Lilypad can be powered from 2.7 to 5.5 V, so 4.5 V it's ok);
  • LilyPad FTDI adapter: to connect the LilyPad board to the PC and load programs with the Arduino IDE (quite optional, because you can use also the Arduino UNO board removing the ATmega chip, but it's tricky to make this kind of connection every time).


The materials needed for the robotic hand are:

  • a steel structure for the palm of the hand and wood for the fingers;
  • Arduino UNO board;
  • XBee module;
  • 5 servomotors;
  • a servomotor shield for Arduino UNO: to connect the servomotors I used the Robot_Shield from FuturaElettronica, which has also a switching regulator to power the entire circuit, but you can use any shield made for controlling servomotors. Link:;
  • Shield to connect the XBee module (I made an horrible one, but it's economic and I needed to make one small because of the size of the Robot_Shield);
  • fishing wires;
  • fihing sinkers (to secure the fishing wire);
  • 9 V Battery.


Tools needed:

  • angle grinder (mainly to cut wood and steel);
  • axial grinder;
  • welding machine (with electrodes);
  • drill;
  • soldering station and solder;
  • electrician's scissors;
  • pliers;
  • heat shrink tubing.
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Hey, can you please post the code on which arduino of robotic hand is working on ?

Gabry295 (author)  ship.shines5 days ago

Hi, you can download them from the links at the last page!

Hi Gabry, your project is fascinating! Only a doubt...why did you suppose to use a servomotor shield or a robot shield instead to use the PWM outputs from the Arduino Uno board? Thanks in advance for the explanation...

mason1019826 days ago

This this is awesome! I'm planning on starting on one myself but I just don't have the time or resources to make the actual 'hand' part. Are there any places I can get one already made? 3d printed maybe? If you could point me to a site that would be great! Thanks!

Gabry295 (author)  mason1019825 days ago

Hi mason, at the moment I don't have enough experience in the world of the 3D printing, I can only suggest you to search about "3D printed hand" and see what interest you more.

Searching on google I found some sites:

I hope you will find a way :)

4438925 days ago

could you use a arduino nano for the glove instead of the lilypad arduino?

Gabry295 (author)  4438925 days ago

I think there's no problem using the Arduino Nano, it has enough analog inputs and the Tx - Rx pins, that's everything you need

(I took the informations from

justinliu1 month ago

Back again. :D (found out the answer to my two previous questions) I came back with two more, haha.

1. How is the gripping force of the hand? I see that you're using micro servo, and I know that they don't have the most torque. They're very low-profile, however, so I'm wondering how viable weak servos can be for this project. Can it, say, grip a hammer by itself?

2. I looked at your new schematic with the servo and finger and don't entirely understand how you're able to bend the finger with such a small travel distance from the servo. Obviously you managed to do it (seen in the video); I'm just baffled by how that works. The servo, especially because it's so small, doesn't seem to have a particularly long travel distance. How is it that it is able to pull the string down only so much and have the entire finger bend fully?

Once again, thanks so much for answering all these questions everyone has for you and I look forward to your response. :)

Gabry295 (author)  justinliu1 month ago

Hi justinliu :) Sorry for the last question, I'm quite busy in this period... Anyway I'm happy you found out the answer!

Well, for the first question, the hand has enough force to grip an hammer, but not enough to use it... It would be necessary to use a different material for the finger, at first, for example a light metal; second, a different material for the "tendons", something very resistant; third, a different kind of motor, not so plasticky. I only wanted to make something at the lowest possible cost :)

For the second question, I set the fishing wire at the rotor with the right proportions: to close the finger, I turned the rotor until it stops and pulled the wire in the "inner" part of the hand, closing the finger, and then fixed it at the lowest point of the rotor. This means that the wire is pulled of a length equal to the diameter of the rotor, and since that the rotor can cover only 180° then it stops, the finger is properly closed when you reach the final point. The same happen for the other wire, at the opposite. So when the servomotor is rotating one wire is pulled and the other is released. Anyway, the length necessary to close/open the finger isn't so much :)

Tell me if I didn't answered well and you have still any doubts!

(At the moment I lent the hand, so I can't make any video until August... I'll remember to recorder also the grip :D )

M.C. Langer2 months ago

this is awesome!

Gabry295 (author)  M.C. Langer2 months ago

Thank you!!! :D

ymasur made it!2 months ago

Hello Grabri295, congratulation for this good work! I am interested in the construction of the hand; the step 3 is not clear for me. How are the fingers opened? In my realisation (see at the URL ) I need back spring. This is difficult to calibrate and to adjust; the motors must pull a lot again it to close the fingers. And I have a segment less on each finger...

668 main_LPC dos complet L.jpg670 main_LPC paume index et pouce ecarte L.jpg
Gabry295 (author)  ymasur2 months ago

Thank you ymasur! :)

I made now these schemes, I hope you can understand better how it works.

You can see the two wires in yellow, pulling one the finger closes and pulling the other it opens. When the servo is in its initial position (0°) the "external" wire is pulled and the finger is open. When the servo rotates it release this wire and pulls the other one. So when the rotor has covered 180° the "external" wire is released and the "internal" is pulled.

I suggest to choose the right lenght of the wire by fixing it at the top of the finger and then making some tries with the servo.

Cattura di schermata (237) - Copia.png
ymasur Gabry2952 months ago
Okay, I see. Very good system, without extra effort for the motors.
Thanks for the explanation.
Gabry295 (author)  ymasur2 months ago

You're welcome! At the beginning I thought about using a back spring too, then I realized that I could pull back the finger with another wire :)

vak_2 months ago

Awesome project!

Gabry295 (author)  vak_2 months ago

Thanks! :D

epicalien2 months ago
Now make it so you can control an arm part with your arm. BTW I love this creAtion
Gabry295 (author)  epicalien2 months ago

If i had time I surely would do that :)

And thank you! :D

Coldfire12152 months ago

Wow! Very impressive!

Gabry295 (author)  Coldfire12152 months ago

Thank you! :D

j-vega2 months ago

Hi. It´s Fantastic.

In your picture, the XBEE is connected to a Lilypad Arduino board, can you say how you did it? Can you connect to any shield, something else?,? Servomotors, which need power? What are the specs?. Where you bought all 5 Flex sensors? I can not find anywhere.

Best regards.

Gabry295 (author)  j-vega2 months ago

Thank you! :D

I bought from the shield to mount the XBee module, and as you can see from the image, I bought also the flex sensors and other components I needed. In that site you can find almost everything at at fair prices!

I bought the servomotors simply searching on eBay, I used the most economic kind (Tower Pro): they have 3 wires, usually the brown for the GND, the red for the Power and the yellow for the signal: you have a signal with a period of 20ms, when you set 1ms of high you have 0 degrees, when 2ms 180 degrees, when 1.5ms 90 degrees and so on, but it's all done by the "write" function in the Arduino IDE.

I used a shield for the servomotors bought from , the Robot_Shield, I don't know if they ship also outside Italy. You can easily find a servo shield for Arduino on eBay, or you could even make one by yourself following my schemes of wiring. The Robot_Shield has also the terminal for batteries, but you can simply power all the circuit by powering the Arduino (with a 9V battery using a jack).

For the XBee Shield for the LilyPad, I connected the Rx of it to the Tx of the Arduino LilyPad and vice versa, then the PWR and the GND. The XBee works at 3.3V, but the shield has its adjustment circuit so you can use also 5V to power it (the simply way, I think, is to use 3x1.5V batteries, so 4.5V).

Tell me if I didn't answer properly to your questions, I'm happy to clarify any doubts :)

Cattura di schermata (115).png
j-vega Gabry2952 months ago


A perfect explanation.

I have already started to produce the project. If I get another question, I'll ask.

A million thanks and congratulations, from Spain.

ggcamie2 months ago

wonderful project keep it up

Gabry295 (author)  ggcamie2 months ago

Thank you! :)

Very very nice, I'll try to make it

Gabry295 (author)  Rodrigomecanica2 months ago

Thank you, I hope you enjoy! :D

Hafez K22 months ago


I have a question : how to making the hand ? i don't understand how to make this part !!!! thanks a lot man

Gabry295 (author)  Hafez K22 months ago

Sorry, I didn't take enough picture while making that part... I'll make as soon as possible two parts of a finger and put a video or some images. I hope you're not in a hurry!

pierpi2 months ago

Complimenti Gabriele, ottimo progetto.
Ben fatto!

Continua cosi!

Pier da Singapore

Gabry295 (author)  pierpi2 months ago
Grazie mille Pier! :)
giampyypmaig2 months ago

Bravo bel progetto!

Gabry295 (author)  giampyypmaig2 months ago

Grazie mille! :)

jwoods102 months ago

this appears to be the first step toward the movie Real Steel! Somebody use this to make a wireless Rockem sockem robot. Then step it up a bit. Robot boxing for everyone!

Very impressive!

Darthorso2 months ago

Grande Gabry, questo progetto spacca!

Come hai fatto a fartelo accettare in 4 contests???

Gabry295 (author)  Darthorso2 months ago
Grazie mille!!! :D
Sinceramente avevo letto all'inizio che si poteva partecipare al massimo a 3 contest, poi sulla pagina del progetto ho visto che potevo aggiungerne altri... Non so se sia un bug o cos'altro D:

MAgari chiedi info! Non vorrei mai che vinci qualcosa poi ti devono kickare perché eri in troppi contest D:

Gabry295 (author)  Darthorso2 months ago

Appunto la mia paura era quella e non so come togliermi da un contest D:

Ho aperto una discussione nel forum speriamo bene! Grazie per il supporto! :)

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