Introduction: Wooden Chain Clock

I have had the idea for this clock for a while since i saw a similar one on the internet. The Time Contest was the motivation i needed to get it off the drawing board and actually create it. This is the first clock I have built and my first instructible so be gentle.

Parts Required

  • 1x Nema 17 stepper Motor ( the ones im using are 200 step bipolar)
  • 1/4in Plywood (I use Baltic Birch, seems to work well)
  • 1/8in Plywood or hardboard panels or Plywood for the letters and chain. I used this from amazon.

http://www.amazon.com/Hardboard-Panels-12x16--Pack...

  • 2 x 220mf Capacitor
  • Holdding DS3231 Arduino Real Time Clock

  • Arduino Uno

  • Small breadboard or Protoboard

  • 100 x M3 x 12mm Screws for the chain

  • 100 x M3 Nylon Locking nuts

  • 1 x M6 x 50mm Screw

  • 1 x M6 x 35mm Screw

  • 5 x M6 Nuts

  • 10 x M3 x 20mm Screw

  • Wood Glue

  • A4988 Stepper Motor Driver

  • 1 x 2.1 x 5.5mm DC Power Male Connector Plug

  • 1 x 5.5mm x 2.1mm DC Power Cable Female Connector Plug

  • 12v 2a or more dc transformer

  • Superglue

  • Wood Glue

Step 1: Laser the Parts

I own a Boss 60w CO2 Laser so the settings might be a little different for other lasers.

1/8in hardboard 17mm/s 95% power

1/4in Plywood 9mm/s 95% power

Step 2: Bevel the Edges of the Chain Gears.

The edges of the chain gears need to be beveled to allow the chain to easily rotate. The best way I have fouind is to use the M6 bolt and a nut and 2 washers to attach the gear to a cordless drill. Rotate the drill while sanding with a dremel. This will get all the edges beveled the same amount the quickest. There is probably a better way to do this but i haven't found it.

Step 3: Assemble the Frame

Now to assemble the frame. First add the little wooden spacers that go between the front and back pieces of the frame. Then add the m3 nuts into the spacer thingys with pliers and insert the m3 x 20mm screws into the holes and into the nuts.

Then we will superglue the nylon standoffs into the holes for the arduino.

Insert the M6 bolts through a washer and then through the holes in the frame as shown in the picture then tighten a nut on each one.

Mount the Nema 17 Stepper motor into the frame with the M3 x 10mm Screws.

Step 4: Assemble Gears

For the far left gear.

This is the biggest gear,put the gear on an extra bolt, then put a dab of glue around the center and add a put a 1/8in spacer on the bolt, then a 1/4in spacer, then another 1/8in spacer. Then add one of the chain gears and washer and nut it. Tighten the nut so that the glue between all the layers can dry properly. I made a video of this process on one of the gears and embeded it so you can see what im talking about. after the glue is dry remove the bolt and put a 1/8th spacer on the spindle and then the gear assembly on the spindle.

For the middle gear.

Glue the solid 20 tooth gear to the 60 tooth gear using a bolt to align and allow to dry. Mount to the center spindle with 1/8in spacer.

For the Right gear (drive gear)

Fit the D shaped spacers onto the stepper motor and glue. Then glue the chian gear to 3 1/8in spacers and allow to dry. This is the one im doing in the above video. center and glue the chain gear to the stepper motor and clamp. Make sure you center it properly or it will wobble. Use double nuts or M6 lock nuts so that these gears do not come loose.

Step 5: Adding Electronics

Ok , now for the electronics.

The easiest way to describe the electronics is to show you the schematic. Just plug it all in as the picture shows.

Mount the arduino into the frame using the nylon snaps.

Step 6: Coding Arduino

The arduino coding was tricky and required the help of an expert (my business partner). we incorporated the real time clock into the programming and made it so we can change x steps per x seconds, so the same program can be used for different variations of clocks.

After the coding and uploading is done test the unit to make sure that it moves every 45 seconds. if it does then unplug it and install the backplate to complete the frame assembly.

Step 7: Assemble the Chain

Now for a time consuming task. assembling the chain. Just start at 1 on the hour side and add three links in between each number.

When you have the chains completed set it on the gears so that one of the hours is on top on the left and 00 is on the right gear. Then turn the right gear to the correct time before plugging the unit in.

Step 8: Enjoy Your Clock

This is my first clock, i would love to make more intricate clocks in the future. Please Vote for my instructible in the TIME contest. Thanks for reading. I also have this kit availiable for purchase if you do not have a laser cutter availiable. http://www.makrtoolbox.com/chain-clock-kit.html

Comments

author
Lineakat (author)2016-04-26

so cool!

author
argus_as014 (author)2016-02-21

Really cool !

author
timofthedeep (author)2015-11-20

How many revolutions does the stepper motor make in 24 hours?

author
antagonizer (author)2015-11-15

Love it! I've been working on something along the same lines. For the last six months I've been carving pieces, by hand for a bone and stone clock. Using non traditional material is pretty creative.

author
MakrToolbox (author)antagonizer2015-11-17

I would love to see that, be sure to take lots of pictures

author
timofthedeep (author)2015-11-15

Next question: do you have a electrical wiring diagram?

author
MakrToolbox (author)timofthedeep2015-11-15

there is one in step 5 in the pictures, we used fritzing to make it.

author
RaySorian (author)2015-11-11

Very nice and am thinking of making, but will have to wait till after the holidays.

One question, do you think this could be converted to run on a battery pack instead on having to be plugged in?

author
MakrToolbox (author)RaySorian2015-11-11

You could, but because a stepper motor has holding torque it uses power even when not moving. So the battery would not last long.

author
NoPinky (author)MakrToolbox2015-11-15

that's not entirely right. You can but you don't need to power the motors while they are not moving as long as your system is in balance, which is mostly the case in such a clockwork. You only need to keep them powered if you have to hold the torgue against external force.

author
timofthedeep (author)2015-11-12

Having trouble getting the files to download. Can you post a zipped file containing all the DXF files?

author
MakrToolbox (author)timofthedeep2015-11-12

Posted a Zip file with all dxf files in it

author
andianjul (author)2015-11-12

I'm inspired! However, I think I'll recycle a bunch of old chains and sprockets.

author
drademacher (author)2015-11-11

Great job; very clever! Great idea to mount the numbers on the chain itself. Getting the gearing correct takes some good understanding!

You most probably already know, starting in the 1500's and all the way through the late 1900's (marine chronometers), clocks and watches have been designed using a chain and fusee arrangement to equalize the mainspring draw as it winds down. For watches, this stopped for the most part in the mid to late 1800's, as mainspring design improved. See the Wikipedia fusee article for details.

Now if you are up to making a mechanical power train some day, that would be amazing to see!

author
drademacher (author)drademacher2015-11-11

You have my vote!

author
MakrToolbox (author)drademacher2015-11-11

Thank you very much

author
RelzeriZ (author)2015-11-11

If only I had a laser cutter... :(

But it's cool!

author
MakrToolbox (author)RelzeriZ2015-11-11

If anyone wants me to laser the parts for them just pm me. I also sell the kit for this on www.makrtoolbox.com

author
Jedi_zombie85 (author)2015-11-11

seriously cool piece of art you have there

author
jeanniel1 (author)2015-11-10

Really original - I voted for this!

author
MakrToolbox (author)jeanniel12015-11-10

Thank you Very Much

author
nicolaufr (author)2015-11-10

Very Good Job!!! I want one laser cut ;-)

author
skyline1 (author)2015-11-10

Do you reckon it would be possible to CNC mill these parts rather than lasering them

author
jeanniel1 (author)skyline12015-11-10

Yes, but I suspect it'd take some time - would look terrific though! Do it! Show what it'd look like!

author
bLiTzJoN (author)2015-11-10

I'm thinking of converting to 3D printable parts. Love the idea!

author
wereone (author)2015-11-09

it would be nice if there were scroll saw plans for this

author
Marsh (author)wereone2015-11-10

The files offered are actual size renderings of the gears. Just print them and glue them on to the wood

author
jhawkins14 (author)2015-11-09

Cool. My son's school just got a laser cutter and he has a million ideas what to do with it. I need to add this to the list:)

author
AfshaanLondhe (author)2015-11-09

this is the best idea for a clock I have ever seen

great job!

author
yugabhavi (author)2015-11-08

Thanks for sharing, you did lot of hardwork do complete this.

author
danielleb24 (author)2015-11-08

wow great job, but i love the burn marks,removing them ,i would think you just went out and bought numbers

author
thijsv (author)2015-11-08

nice concept and design.

I think it would even look nicer if you removed the burn marks from the laser. I think I remember seeing an Instructable around here on how to do that.

author
MakrToolbox (author)thijsv2015-11-08

Thanks for the tip, I searched and found that instructive. I also hate the burn marks, I will try that out.

author
JokerDAS (author)2015-11-08

Amazing and creative! This has to be the best chain clack I have seen. Being laser cut from wood adds to its awesome-ticity! Well done!

author
JokerDAS (author)JokerDAS2015-11-08

.... Clock, not clack!

author
DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)2015-11-08

This is awesome! I need to make one of these.

author

Thank you very much.

About This Instructable

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Bio: I am 37, I have a job that allows me to build and make daily. I love my job. I have 6 children, my oldest ... More »
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