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I am participating in the "Wooden Toys" and "Homemade Gifts" contests here on Instructables. If you like this Instructable and feel like it's a worthy winner, it would be awesome if you'd give me a vote!

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This autumn so called "fidget toys" have become increasingly popular. I saw a lot of fidget spinners online, but not a single person attempted to make a fidget cube. Why is that? Well, it's quite hard to know how the cubes are made and function, because you never get to see the inside. Most DIY people decides to make a spinner instead because it's fairly easy to construct and the design is pretty straight-forward. It's just a bearing inside a spinning piece of wood.

Now what is a fidget cube exactly? Well, it's a toy meant for fidgeting. Some might use it while doing computer or schoolwork, instead of fiddling with something like a pencil (because we all know the loud clicking is terribly annoying). A fidget cube basically fits those who are having a hard time to focus on intensive work while sitting still. It serves as a stress reliever and many find them a great thing to have. They are supposedly also popular among ADHD people, who normally have a hard time focusing on their work and needs to move around physically. Instead of walking around you could keep your hands busy with a fidget toy such as this one.

I was originally going to make a spinner as well, but seeing that (as far as I knew) no one had made a fidget cube yet, I decided to tackle the challenge. I used wood because it's the material I'm most used to, and I also like the look of it. The cube works very well and does what it's supposed to. As a bonus I added a magnet so that you can stick it to any steel surface (a fridge for example) for convenient storing.

If you prefer videos before text tutorials, I have put together a well edited YouTube video which shows all the steps in detail. As you can see it can be found on the top of the page.

Step 1: Download and Print the Template

I spent some time making this sketch to give myself and you an idea of what I’m going to make. The sketch shows how everything is put together and what each individual layer looks like from a side view. Keep in mind that this isn't an actual template, but rather something to use as a reference. Here's the link to the PDF file:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0Z_p58afVlRcFotaFRGLVpOaUU/view

Step 2: Cut Out the Plywood Layers

I cut the plywood out using my jigsaw pressed against a straight edge.

The plywood I’m using is 7mm thick. It is important that the 5 layers stacked on top of each other have the same height as each individual piece’s width and height. Because I’m using 7mm plywood my squares measures 35mm in both directions. Were you to use 18mm plywood for a 5 layer cube, your squares would need to measure 90mm. Very simple math is needed for this calculation:

Material thickness (in this case 7mm) x Amount of layers (in this case 5) = Required width and height of each square (in this case 35mm)

Step 3: Make the Inner Parts

Here I have cut out, shaped and sanded the inside parts using a coping saw, metal files and sandpaper. Be aware that this process is very time-consuming and fiddly. It takes a lot of patience and willingness to make these parts by hand, so if you happen to own a CNC that would definitely be an easier, faster and more accurate method. As you can see on the first picture I used my sketch as a reference to know which parts are supposed to be where. I numbered the plywood square to keep track of the order. The inner parts were made using the sketch as sort of a template. The parts are made out of some 5mm walnut wood laminated together and then sanded down to the same thickness as the plywood.

Note that there is a third type of part being made, which is the “spinner” that later sits on top of the cube. I don’t have a separate picture of it, but you will see it later in the build. If you want to know how I made it, I explain it in great detail in the video.

Step 4: Finish the Plywood Layers and Start the Assembly

The sketch I’ve provided you with shows how the three inner plywood layers are cut. What you want to do here is cut out a cavity for the moving parts so that they can move freely inside the cube. This is another fiddly process which takes quite some time and patience as well. I cut the cavities using my coping saw, so a lot of cleaning and tweaking had to be done afterwards. You could get better results using a scroll saw and a fine tooth blade. I have to mention that it is very important to drill out the holes at this stage as you won’t be able to adjust anything once the cube is all laminated together. Use the numbers to know which parts is which. Round over and sand the two outer layers (1 and 5) as that+ cannot be done after the cube is put together (clamping the finished cube in a vise will obviously brake the inner parts).

Step 5: Proceed the Assembly

The middle plywood layer (number 3) has a button that is spring loaded. At this stage you can see that I have already glued together layer 2 and 3. Make sure the orientation is right so that the parts protrude at the correct sides of the cube (according to the template). You don’t want them sticking out the wrong direction! Before I laminated layer 2 and 3 I positioned and drilled the hole in layer 2 for the pivot point of the button part. Once I had a pivot point I could study the arc and tweak the shape of layer 3 so that the button would swivel freely without binding.

Once I had the button motion figured out and working I glued a spring from and old pen onto the underside of the button. I originally tried to use superglue for this, but seeing how it wouldn’t harden I went with hot glue instead. Worked much better and the glue hardened quickly. On the picture you can see how I made a special cavity in the plywood for the spring. This means that when you press hard on the button you won’t over-compress and break the spring. The button movement is stopped at its lowest position by the plywood edge.

Step 6: Finish the Assembly

So now that you have all parts cut out, shaped and sanded – it’s time for the final assembly! Layer 2 and 3 (which is already laminated) goes on top of layer 1. One of the gear-like rollers goes in between those two layers, and a small steel pin is inserted through the hole shown on layer 3. This pin protrudes 7 millimeters above layer 3, just enough for it to go through the cavity of layer 4. Layer 3 and 4 gets glued together next, and the second roller is inserted through the pin sticking up at layer 4. Layer 5 is simply just glued onto layer 4, making the roller stay in place.

If you have done the assembly right so far you should have a roller to the left in layer 2 and 3 and a spring powered button to the right in layer 3. Clamp the cube together using a vise or a clamp, making sure that none of the glued layers slips to the side while applying pressure.

Step 7: Finish the Outside

This next step includes filing and sanding the outside surfaces of the cube. Sides that are empty - such as the bottom - can easily be filed smooth using a metal file. The goal here is to eliminate any unevenness caused by the lamination. Some surfaces are hard to finish due to the inner parts sticking out and being in the way. Here I recommend taking it slow and careful. Make sure you don’t clamp any of the sides that have inner parts sticking out or else they might break and your work up to this point will have been completely useless.

After filing you can sand the cube if you want. I believe I went up to 600 grit sandpaper. That gave me a nice looking surface that is smooth to the touch.

Step 8: Mount the “spinner”

To mount the spinner I simply measured the center of the cube’s top, drilled a small diameter hole, placed the spinner above the hole and glued a brass pin to the hole using two-part epoxy. There is basically no upward force ever being applied to the spinner, so the glue does not need to be this strong to keep it in place.

Step 9: Mount a Magnet

This step is totally optional and you don’t need to do this, although it is a nice feature to have. I found this rare-earth-magnet in a drawer, which I know is capable of holding at least 500 grams of downward force before it lets go of whatever metal it is attached to. The cube only weighs around 30 or 40 grams, so there is no doubt the magnet is strong enough for this application. I drilled a hole in the bottom of the cube and glued in the magnet using some two-part epoxy. This allows me to stick it anywhere there is metal - on a fridge for example.

Step 10: Apply Finish

This step is as hard you want it to be. What type of finish to use is up to you, but personally I went with boiled linseed oil because of how easy it is to apply. The result was great and I’m happy, although the picture above has some really weird saturation going on. The cube is not nearly that yellow in real life. It has a lot more orange and warm color/tint to it.

Step 11: Fiddle All Your Problems Away!

I like it and my cat do aswell. A great thing to have!

Step 12: In Conclusion

This was a challenging project for me, but at the same time I learned a lot. It wouldn’t have been such a fiddly process if the cube wasn’t so small. A larger one would be a lot easier to make, and would probably work fine as a gift for a baby (just make sure it’s big enough for the baby not to swallow it). The picture shows how big my cube is beside a standard 9V battery. It certainly is small!

Now I truly hope you've enjoyed this Instructable. Thanks so much for watching/reading!

<p>Great instructable! My cube is 45 mm. I exchanged the spinner by a wooden sphere that can move along an axis. The last picture shows the top layer from the other side, so you can see how it was built in.</p>
<p>I really enjoyed your instructable. Interestingly my son saw one somewhere and told his mom it looked like something he would really like. Little did he know I had already decided I was going to make this one. It's a merciless copy. Didn't have the time to get creative, and you had already done such a great job!</p><p>Mine came out just a little bit smaller (28mm). I used a board from an old pallet so I had a fair amount of time machining the wood, but the build itself went quickly.</p>
That's a lovely implentation of my design! I really like the overall look and I think you did a better job than me on the rollers. May I ask how you made them, with a bandsaw perhaps?
Thanks. To make the wheels I stuck the two pieces of wood together with carpet tape. A scroll saw was used to make the rough cut then I sanded by hand to refine the shape. Finally I used a band saw to cut the slots for traction. <br>I'm happy to report that my son is still carrying and using the cube. I suspected it would be a fad that lasted a few days then would be forgotten. Fortunately that isn't the case yet. 8^)
Awesome! :-)
<p>Great 'able, thanks! I especially like how this can be made with relatively common materials, without having to resort to 3D printing or knocking off the bearings from my kids' skateboards. Well done.</p>
<p>this is a paid file D:</p>
<p>Congratulations on being a finalist in the Wooden Toys Challenge!</p>
<p>Thanks. I don't personally think I will win, but I do have my hopes :)</p>
<p>Well described, nice construction, something I will make soon. Thanks for this!</p>
Thanks for spreading a positive vibe
<p>I actually backed the kickstarter for the real fidget cube and this is without a doubt the best &quot;knockoff&quot; I have seen. One thing you could add would be the spinning marble (ball bearing), it would be an easy one to add in but finding the space may be difficult. Great project</p>
I wanted to have one but didn't know where to get find one and how to mount it. Do you by the way refer to those small round ball bearings found in conveyor belts, or do you have something else in mind?
I was just thinking of something just a bit smaller then a marble, not sure exactly where to find it to buy, I know I have a few kicking around here ( I tear most things electronic or mechanical apart to scavenge before I throw them out, no idea what I found them in). To mount it I was thinking drilling a hole with the centre of the hole just a bit inside of the wood for the middle pieces, place the ball in as you assemble it making sure it can't come out. It wouldn't be that simple though to taper the side pieces so it wouldn't move too freely and not roll properly.(Quick search showed a 1/4 inch ball bearing at homedepot.com for 65 cents, if you happen to be in the states)
Sadly I happen to live in Sweden, where stores don't have the same huge supply of parts as the ones found in america. We do have hardware stores, but they are not nearly the size I picture a standard Home Depot store should be. Have never been at Home Depot, but it is said that everything's bigger in America so why shouldn't it apply here aswell?
<p>Yeah, same issue here in Canada, we do have Home Depot but they pail into comparison to the US versions. You could ask if your local stores have suppliers that could get them, or keep an eye our for random products that have something that may work. I just checked ebay and there are chinese sellers selling packs of 100 for under $10 CND (Approx 68 Krona)</p>
I suppose you are just refering to a regular steel marble. The best way is to buy those in bulk at Kugel-Winnie.com. <br><br>As for the currency comparison $10 is 92 SEK. The american dollar is keeping up with the Euro and might soon surpass it.
<p>CND is Canadian dollar, and ours has sucked for a few years now, lol. We're about 70 cents to one US dollar</p>
Aww, that's too bad. But there has to be some advantage with living in Canada compared to elsewhere in America. If not in money, perhaps in nature and great locations.
<p>Oh Definitely, my favourite joke as a kid was god talking to an angel saying he was going to create a country with unparalleled beauty, a vast amount of natural resources and make the people the nicest, kindest race on the planet. The Angel asked why they would get so much compared to others, to which god replies, wait till you see the neighbours I give them, lol</p>
<p>That's amazing man. Your video is so clear and detailed that I can see exactly how it's done and I feel confident that I could make it too ... and I'm a chick! Great job and will be a wonderful gift for my friend's autistic daughter .... maybe I'll send him a link and he can make one for each of the kids at his daughter's school ... how cool would that be? Absolutely love it and love your cat too. Gosh he's patient, isn't he ..... hahahaha</p>
That's awesome to hear and I hope your sister's daughter will enjoy the gift!
<p>i voted because: 1} i like 'jonbuilds' 2} cute toy 3} that KITTIE!</p>
My cat was obviously the inspiration for this entire project, and I knew that he would enjoy it the most! :)
<p>WannaDuino!!! Does NoT GeT iT???</p><p>What is the mwaning of this fridget Cube?</p><p>I never seen or heard about it, can you explane dear sir?</p><p>WannaDuino!!!</p>
<p>@WannaDuino : I like your unintentional(?) use of &quot;fridget cube&quot; -- this should be the real name for the project, as it is a fidget cube AND a fridge magnet all in one.</p><p>Especially good if, as pictured, you have a cat with a metal plate in its head :)</p>
Now that'd be something!
People with anxiety, especially people with autism, get some mental relief by use of simple repetitive tasks. As an adult who discovered they had autism after 40 hellish years on the planet, anything like this that can help stands a good chance of helping to prevent suicides
Never heard of it as a suicide preventer, but I guess it makes sense.
A fidget cube relieves stress and helps you fidget in silence. Instead of shaking your leg or clicking a pen you have one single device to keep your hands busy. There's only so much I can say in one comment, but Google &quot;fidget toy&quot; or &quot;fidget spinner&quot; and that should lead you in the right direction.
Very nice. The cat really made it work. ;-)
Yeah, he sure had a big part in the building process :-)
Very nice! You have my vote!
Thank you
I voted because there was a cat in the :3 :-D<br>
* the picture
Sounds legit!
<p>Very cool project and video. I have to make it when I'm back home from Christmas holidays. Thanks for the inspiration.</p>
Thanks for reading and commenting
<p>The video for this Instructable is outstanding. I learned a lot from watching it. Thank you so much for posting this.</p>
Glad you watched the video as it took a lot of work to do. Thanks for watching and commenting!
I've wanted one if thees since I first saw them.
I was curious but did not want to spend money and buy one. Lacking something important to do during my free time I made this one. Works great
I've been thinking about a fidget, and I really love your design. You go my votes
Thanks, I appreciate it
<p>Very therapetically useful for Alzeihers sufferers.</p>
I suppose
<p>It's nice to see you make this with minimal tools and essentially scrap wood. What a fun project for a gift!</p>
It looks fairly cute so it would work fine as a gift to a baby or a slightly older child. Glad you like this project
<p>I don't do woodworking but, I love your kitty photo!</p>

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Bio: A teenager who likes to make stuff with his own hands. You can check out my YouTube channel to find all my projects.
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